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Zoning Scheme


Cape Agulhas
South Africa

Zoning Scheme By-law, 2022

Chapter 1
Interpretation

1. Definitions

In this By-law, unless the context indicates otherwise, any word or expression to which a meaning has been assigned in the Western Cape Land Use Planning Act, 2014 (Act 3 of 2014) has the meaning assigned to it in that Act and—"4x4 trail" means a series of roads, tracks, and routes, designed for use by off-road vehicles as a recreational or adventure facility, and includes buildings normally required for the administration and maintenance thereof, but does not include holiday accommodation or tourist facilities."abattoir" means a place where livestock or poultry is slaughtered and prepared for distribution to butcher shops and food markets."advertisement" when used in the context of outdoor advertising, means any visible representation of a word, name, letter, figure, or object or of an abbreviation of a word or name, or any sign or flag or banner or symbol or light, which is not intended solely for illumination or warning against danger."agriculture" Land use description: "agriculture" means the cultivation of land for raising crops and other plants, including plantations, the keeping and breeding of animals, birds or bees, stud farming, game farming, intensive horticulture; intensive animal farming; a riding school or natural veld, and—(1)includes—(a)the harvesting, cooling, storing, sorting, packing, and packaging of agricultural produce grown on that land unit and surrounding or nearby farms.(b)harvesting of natural resources limited to living organisms for delivery to the market.(c)agricultural buildings or infrastructure that are reasonably connected with the main farming activities, including a dwelling house, agricultural worker accommodation and rooftop base telecommunication stations.(d)a camping site limited to a maximum of 10 tent or caravan stands subject to the development parameters applicable to "tourist accommodation", provided further that a consent use must be applied for in the following cases—(i)the property is smaller than 1ha.(ii)the property is situated within 1km of the high-water mark of the sea or a tidal river.(iii)more than 10 tent or caravan stands are applied for.(e)linear infrastructure.(f)agricultural industry(2)does not include aquaculture, an abattoir, a farm shop, an animal care centre, any mining activity, utility services and renewable energy structures for commercial purposes."agricultural industry" means:(1)an enterprise for the processing of agricultural products of which the majority of the products are sourced from that land unit and if not produced on that land unit, then from the land units farmed by the owners of the enterprise with a minority of the products sourced from the surrounding or nearby farms.(2)includes a winery, dairy, distillery, the bottling of water, a sawmill; and brewery(3)does not include an abattoir."ancillary" means a land use, purpose, building, structure, or activity which is directly related to, and subservient to, the lawful primary use of the property."antenna" means any system of wires, poles, rods, reflective surfaces, or similar devices, used to transmit or receive electronic communication signals or electromagnetic waves."applicant" means a person who makes application in terms of the Land Use Planning By-law."application" means an application under the Land Use By-Law and LUPA, as the case may be, or this By-Law for an authorization or consent from the Municipality, and without limitation includes any application referred to in Section 15 of the Land Use By-Law, and "applicant" has a corresponding meaning."atrium" means a covered courtyard that—(1)comprises a void within a building that extends for one or more floors in height that contains a floor and roof or ceiling; and(2)does not contain floors that penetrate the void."aquaculture" means the cultivation and breeding of water-flora and fauna, and the harvesting thereof for commercial purposes,—(1)in artificially built dams or holdings tanks, or(2)suspended from rafts in natural rivers or dams."Authority usage" means a use which is practised by or on behalf of authority or public body, and the characteristics of which are such that it cannot be classified or defined under other uses in this By-Law, and includes a use practised by:(1)the State, such as a military training centre and installation, police station, correctional institution, or jail.(2)the Provincial Government, such as a road station and road camp.(3)the Municipality, such as fire services, sewage purification works, a waste control site, a reservoir, a composting installation, or water purification works with related uses, and limited accommodation for staff who are required to be on standby for emergencies, or(4)a public utility, such as a telecommunication facility."balcony" means a floor projecting outside a building at a level higher than that of the ground floor, enclosed only by low walls or railings or by main containing walls of rooms abutting such projecting floor, and includes a roof, if any, over such floor and pillars supporting such roof."bar" refers to definition of pub."base zone" means the zone that determines the lawful land use and development parameters for a land unit in terms of this By-Law, before the application of any overlay zone."basement" means that portion of a building with a ceiling level which does not protrude more than one metre at any point above natural ground level excluding excavations required for access purposes."Biodiversity Act" means the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 2004 (Act 10 of 2004)."bio-region" means an identifiable geographical area that contains one or more ecosystems, which functions as a relatively self-sustaining community, and is characterised by specific landforms, vegetation, or human culture and history, and includes a bio-region declared in terms of Section 40 of the Biodiversity Act, 2004 (Act 10 of 2004)."bio-regional planning" means the planning of human activities within the context of a bioregion that:(1)prioritises maintaining and enhancing the functioning of the life-supporting functions of the bioregion.(2)takes account of the specific natural and cultural characteristics of the bioregion, and(3)aims to define and implement development options that ensure that human needs are met in an ecologically sustainable way."boat launching facility" means a public or private facility, which is designed to accommodate the launching or landing of watercraft, consisting of a slipway, and may include parking spaces for vehicles."bottle store" means an establishment where the primary use is the retail sale of alcoholic beverages for consumption off the property, and includes an off-sales facility which is under the same management as a licensed hotel."boundary" in relation to a land unit means one or more of the cadastral lines separating the land unit from another land unit or from a road reserve."boundary wall" means any wall, fence or enclosing structure erected on or directly next to a cadastral property boundary, including entrance gates and doors."builder's yard" means a property which is used for the storage of material and equipment which:(1)is required for or is normally used for construction work;(2)was obtained from demolitions of structures or excavations of ground, or(3)is necessary for or is normally used for land improvements, such as storage of material used for building roads, for installing essential services, or for any other construction work (e.g.: of sand or bricks), whether for public or private purposes."building" without in any way limiting its ordinary meaning, includes:(1)any roofed structure;(2)any external stairs or landings of a building and any gallery, canopy, balcony, stoep, veranda, porch, or similar feature of a building;(3)any walls or railings enclosing any feature referred to in (b), and(4)any other portion of a building."building line" means an imaginary line on a land unit, which defines a distance from a specified boundary, within which the erection of buildings or structures are completely or partially prohibited."business premises" means a building or property from which business is conducted and includes a shop, office, financial institution and building for similar uses, but does not include a place of assembly, place of entertainment, institutional building, service station, motor repair garage, spray painting and motor vehicle body repair shop, industry, industrial hive, noxious trade, risk activity, restaurant, pornographic entertainment business or bottle store."cadastral line" means a line representing the official boundary of a land unit as recorded on a diagram or general plan approved by the Surveyor-General and registered in the Deeds Office."camping site" means a property or part thereof in which tents or caravans are utilised for accommodation for visitors, and includes ablution, cooking and other facilities for the use of such visitors."canopy" means a cantilevered or suspended roof, slab or covering projecting from the wall of a building, excluding the floor of a balcony."caravan" means a vehicle which has been equipped or converted for living or sleeping purposes and which can be readily moved."caravan park" means land for the parking of caravans for short-term holiday accommodation and includes ablution, cooking and other facilities for the use of occupants of the caravans."carport" means a structure for the storage of one or more vehicles that is covered by a roof, provided that not more than two sides may be permanently enclosed."carriageway crossing", in relation to a motor vehicle carriageway crossing, means an entrance or exit way, or a combined entrance and exit way, from a land unit to a road."cemetery" means a place where the dead are buried and may include buildings that are necessary for the administrative and clerical uses associated therewith, but does not include a crematorium."commercial", in relation to a use right, means a use right for the express purpose of making a profit with no or limited social or charitable objectives."commercial kennel" means kennel services for dogs, cats and similar animals and includes commercial breeding, boarding kennels, pet motels and dog training centres."common boundary", in relation to a property, means a boundary common with the adjoining property other than a street boundary."conference facility" means a place of assembly with or without overnight accommodation, which also supplies meals, which normally is an additional activity to a primary function such as a hotel, or restaurant and where the building restrictions will be those of the primary function, except that additional parking may be required."consent" means special permission granted by the Municipality, after due consideration of all relevant facts and after a reasonable and lawful process has been followed, in terms of which a specific type of land use or activity is permitted, in addition to the primary use rights applicable to the property concerned. The granting of a consent use, will not alter the primary use of the land concerned."consent use" means a land use permitted in terms of a particular zoning with the approval of a Municipality."corner property" means any land unit that has at least two contiguous sides abutting upon one or more streets, and where the interior angle between those two sides, less than 135 degrees."Council" means the municipal council of the Municipality."coverage" means the area of a land unit that is covered by buildings, expressed as a percentage of the total erf area of the land unit. The calculation of coverage for the purposes of determining the percentage of a land unit that is, or will be, covered by buildings, must disregard:(1)the panhandle portion of a panhandle property;(2)stoeps, entrance steps and landings;(3)cornices, chimney breasts, pergolas, flower boxes, water pipes, drain pipes and minor decorative features not projecting more than 500mm from the wall of the building;(4)eaves not projecting more than 1,0m from the wall of the building, and(5)a basement provided that the basement ceiling does not project above the finished ground level."crèche" means a facility for the day care of young children in the absence of their parents, and may provide care for more children than are permitted at a day care centre."crematorium" means a building where the dead are reduced to ash, and includes facilities for associated religious and administrative functions."cultural heritage" means any place or object of cultural significance and the intangible aspects of inherited culture and includes all archaeological artefacts, palaeontological material and heritage resources and living heritage, as defined in the National Heritage Resources Act, 1999 (Act 25 of 1999)."day care centre" means the use of portion of a dwelling house or outbuildings by the occupant to provide day care, pre-school, play group or after school care services for children provided that no more than 15 children shall be registered at the centre at a time, or on the property at any time."declared road" means a road proclaimed in terms of the Roads Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance 19 of 1976)."deemed zoning" means the zoning of a land unit which the Municipality deems it to have in circumstances where no formal zoning determination or rezoning was previously done."departure"; It means an altered development parameter granted on a permanent basis or a right to utilize land for a purpose granted on a temporary basis."development parameter" means a provision or restriction in a zoning scheme that sets out the permissible extent of the land use in terms of a zoning."double dwelling house" means a building designed as a single architectural entity, containing two dwelling units on one land unit."dwelling house" means a building containing only one dwelling unit."dwelling unit" means a self-contained, inter-leading group of rooms—(1)with not more than one kitchen, used for the living accommodation and housing of one family, together with such outbuildings as are ordinarily used with a dwelling unit; and(2)does not include tourist accommodation or accommodation used as part of a hotel."eave" means a portion of a roof projecting beyond the face of a building, including any gutters."earth bank" means land that is shaped to hold back earth or loose rock."ecologically sustainable development" means using, conserving and enhancing the environment so that ecological processes on which life depends, are maintained, people are able to enjoy a good quality of life now and in the future, and the well-being of the whole community is improved."ecosystem" means a self-sustaining and self-regulating community of organisms and the interaction between the organisms with one another and with their environment."encroachment agreement" means an agreement between an owner and the Municipality relating to the projection of portions of a building or structure from the owner's property onto or over the Municipality’s property."entrance steps and landings" means steps and landings to a building, including any low walls and railings, if the steps and landings are not within the main containing walls of the building."environment" has the same meaning as in the National Environmental Management Act, 1998 (Act 107 of 1998)."environmental management plan" means a plan that documents the management of site preparation, construction or operations affecting an environmental resource or an environmentally significant place, its environmental values or management requirements, or both."erection" in relation to a building or structure includes—(1)the construction of a new building or structure;(2)the alteration or conversion of, or addition to, a building or structure; and(3)the re-construction of a building or structure which has completely or partially been demolished."erf" has the same meaning as land unit."family" means:(1)a single person maintaining an independent household, or(2)two or more persons directly related by blood, marriage or a life partnership maintaining a common household, or(3)no more than five unrelated persons maintaining a common household."farm shop" means a building, located on a farm, used to sell goods to employees of the farm or to the general public."farm stall" means a building, located on a farm, used to sell products produced and processed on farms to the general public."farm worker accommodation" means dwelling units provided for persons engaged in bona fide farming activities or retired persons previously engaged in bona fide farming activities on the property."flats" means a building of more than one storey containing two or more dwelling units, together with such outbuildings as are ordinarily associated therewith; but not including double dwelling houses and group houses, provided further that in those zones where flats are permissible, one dwelling unit shall also be permissible, whether or not with the consent of the Municipality, in a building approved for other purposes than for flats."floor" means the inner, lower surface of a room, garage or basement and includes a terrace or atrium to which the occupants of a building have access."floor factor" means the factor (expressed as a proportion of 1) which is prescribed for the calculation of maximum floor space of a building or buildings permissible on a land unit. If the floor factor is known, the maximum permissible floor space can be calculated by multiplication of the floor factor by the net erf area."floor space", in relation to any building, means the area of a floor which is covered by a slab, roof or projection; provided that—For the purposes of calculating the floor space of a building:(1)any balconies, terraces, stairs, stairwells, verandas, common entrances and common passages covered by a roof shall be included, but in the case of multi-storey buildings any atrium and any stairwells, lift-wells or other wells, must only be counted once;(2)the following must be excluded:(a)any area, including a basement, which is reserved for parking or loading of vehicles;(b)external entrance steps and landings, any stoep and any area required for external fire escapes;(c)a projection including a projection of eaves, and a projection which acts as a sunscreen or an architectural feature, which projection does not exceed 1,0m beyond the exterior wall or similar support;(d)any uncovered internal courtyard, light-well or other uncovered shaft which has an area in excess of 10m2;(e)any arcade that is 2,0m or more in width, which provides access through the building concerned from public parking, a public street or open space, to some other public parking, public street or open space, and which at all times is open to the public, as well as any covered walkway, the roof of which allows light to pass through, and(f)any covered paved area outside and immediately adjoining a building at or below the ground floor level, which is part of a forecourt, yard, external courtyard, pedestrian walkway, parking area or vehicular access."freight container" means a standardised, reusable vessel that was originally, specifically or formerly designed for or used in the packing, shipping, movement or transportation of freight, articles, goods or commodities, and/or designed for or capable of being mounted or moved on a rail car, and/or designed for or capable of being mounted on a chassis for movement by truck trailer or being loaded on a ship. It may also be used for residential purposes."funeral parlour" means property where the dead are prepared for burial or cremation and includes facilities for associated administrative and religious functions, but does not include a crematorium."gambling machine" means any electronic or electromechanical device, contrivance or machine which, upon insertion of a coin, token or similar object, or upon payment of any consideration, is available to be played or operated, and the playing or operation of which, whether by reason of skill of the operator or as a result of chance, or both, may entitle the person playing or operating the machine or any other person, to receive cash or anything of value."garage" means a building for the storage of motor vehicles, but does not include a motor repair garage or service station."gross leasable area" or "GLA" means the total floor space designed for, or capable of, occupancy and control by tenants, measured from the centre line of the joint partitions to the inside finished surface of the outside walls, but shall exclude toilets, lift shafts, service ducts, vertical penetrations of floors, interior parking and loading bays."greenhouse" means a structure with the sides primarily made of a transparent material such as glass, Perspex or plastic, for the purpose of growing delicate plants or hastening growth of plants under controlled environmental conditions."gross density" means a measure of the number of dwelling units in a specified area, and is calculated as follows:"group housing" and "group housing scheme" means a group of separate and/or linked dwelling units where every dwelling unit has a ground floor; and which is planned, designed and built as a harmonious architectural entity and arranged around or inside a communal open space in a varied and ordered way; and such dwelling units may be cadastrally subdivided."group housing site" means one or more land units on which a group housing scheme or retirement resort may be erected."guest accommodation" means a dwelling house which is used for the purpose of letting individual rooms for residential transient accommodation, with or without meals, provided that:(1)the property is retained in a form which can easily be reused by a family as a single dwelling house, and(2)all amenities and provision of meals shall be for the sole benefit of bona fide guests."gymnasium" means an establishment, operated for profit, providing space or facilities for physical exercise or for participation in sports activity."habitable room" means a bedroom, living room, lounge, dining-room, study, and any other room which is used for human habitation or recreation, but excludes a kitchen or bathroom or a storeroom not exceeding 5m2."hazardous substance" has the same meaning as "grouped hazardous substance" as defined in the Hazardous Substances Act, 1973 (Act 15 of 1973)."height" of a structure means a vertical dimension of the structure from the natural ground level to the wall plate or, in the case of a pitched roof, the ridge of the roof or the highest point of a building, measured in metres, provided that—(1)the height of a structure does not include chimneys, flues, masts or antenna.(2)elevator motor rooms, satellite dishes, ventilation shafts, water tanks, air conditioning plant and equipment on top of a building are included when determining the height of a structure, and(3)the general provisions regarding these aspects in this By-law also apply."holiday accommodation" means premises used for holiday or recreational purposes, whether in private or public ownership, which:(1)consists of a single enterprise in which accommodation is supplied by means of short term rental or time sharing only, and(2)may include the provision of a camping site and caravan park;(3)may also include a restaurant and indoor and outdoor recreational facilities for bona fide guests, but(4)does not include a hotel."hotel" means property used as a temporary residence for transient guests, where lodging and meals are provided, and may include:(1)a restaurant or restaurants;(2)associated conference and entertainment facilities that are subservient and ancillary to the primary use of the property as a hotel;(3)premises for the rendering of personal services such as a beauty salon, and(4)premises which are licensed to sell alcoholic beverages for consumption on the property, but excludes an off-sales facility, kitchens in hotel rooms or suites, and dwelling units."house shop" means the land use of conducting of a retail trade from a dwelling house or outbuilding by one or more occupants of the dwelling house concerned, who shall reside in the dwelling house; provided that the primary use of the dwelling house concerned shall remain for the living accommodation of a single family."house tavern" means an enterprise, conducted from a dwelling house or outbuilding, by the occupant of the dwelling house concerned, for the sale of alcoholic beverages and may include consumption of alcoholic beverages by customers on the property, provided that the primary use of the dwelling house concerned shall remain for the living accommodation of a single family."industry" means a property, which in the Municipality's opinion:(1)is used as a factory and in which an article or part of such article is made, manufactured, produced, built, assembled, compiled, printed, ornamented, processed, treated, adapted, repaired, renovated, rebuilt, altered, painted (including spray painting, but excluding spray painting related to motor vehicles or parts of motor vehicles), polished, finished, cleaned, dyed, washed, broken up, disassembled, sorted, packed, chilled, frozen or stored in cold storage;(2)includes an office, caretaker's quarters or other use which is subservient and ancillary to the use of the property as a factory, but does not include a noxious trade."informal trading" means the land use of legal selling of products in areas demarcated by the Municipality specifically for these purposes such as markets, and demarcated areas in the business district."institutional building" means a building, or portion of a building or property, used as a social, health or welfare facility, or for the administration thereof, and includes a hospital, clinic, home for the aged, indigent or handicapped, reformatory or place of detention, whether of a commercial or charitable nature, but does not include a jail, or a hospital, sanatorium, dispensary, or clinic for the treatment of infectious or contagious diseases or premises licensed under the Mental Health Act, 1973 (Act 18 of 1973) for the detention of mentally disordered persons, or a mental hospital."integrated development plan" means the integrated development plan of the Municipality prepared in accordance with Chapter 5 of the Municipal Systems Act, 2000 (Act 32 of 2000)."intensive animal farming" means the breeding, feeding and keeping of animals or poultry within confined pens or buildings on an intensive basis for commercial purposes."intensive horticulture" means the cultivation of plants under a roof, or in greenhouses for commercial purposes."kitchen" means a room or part of a room equipped for preparing and cooking meals and excludes a braai room, food and drink preparation area or bar facilities in an entertainment area."land" means any erf or farm portion and includes any improvement or building on the land and any real right on the land."land unit" means a portion of land registered or capable of being registered in a deeds registry and includes a servitude right or lease."Land Use By-Law" means the By-Law on Municipal Land Use Planning, promulgated 15 July 2015 in Provincial Gazette 7428."Land Use Planning Act (LUPA)" means the Western Cape Land Use Planning Act, 2014 (Act 3 of 2014)."landscape plan" means a plan indicating detailed landscape proposals including walkways, paving, planting, water features, recreational areas, engineering services and any other such land uses."landscaping" means the planting or placement of plants, the moulding of earth and installation of outdoor features such as walkways and paving for the purpose of protecting and promoting aesthetic appeal, scenic beauty, character and value of property, as well as promoting the reduction of noise pollution, storm water runoff, air pollution, visual pollution or light glare."lateral boundary" means a boundary of a land unit other than the street boundary or the rear boundary."letting of rooms" means the provision of bedroom accommodation to lodgers for payment, and the services ordinarily related to such accommodation, and 'lodger' and 'lodging' has a corresponding meaning."light industry" means a property used or intended to be used as a bakery, laundry, dry-cleaning works, light engineering works and small repairs work, provided that the Municipality shall determine whether or not any such use as applied for shall be classified as light industrial at the time that an application is made for development, building alterations or extensions."loading bay" means an area which is clearly demarcated for the loading and off-loading of goods from commercial vehicles, and which has vehicular access to a public street to the satisfaction of the Municipality."lodger" means a person who utilises lodging services."lodging" means the provision of bedroom accommodation or, in the case of a backpackers' lodge, bed accommodation that is made available on payment of a charge or fee, and includes the services ordinarily related to such accommodation."maximum floor space" means the greatest total floor space that is allowed for a building or buildings on a land unit, and is calculated by multiplying the floor factor by the area of the land unit or that portion of the land unit that is situated within a particular zone; provided that, where the land unit is situated within two or more zones to which different floor factors apply, the maximum floor space for the whole land unit is the total of the maximum floor space for each zoned portion of the land unit."mineral" means a substance, whether in solid, liquid or gaseous form, occurring naturally in or on the earth or under water and which was formed by or subjected to a geological process, and includes sand, stone, rock, gravel, clay, soil and any material occurring in residue stockpiles or in residue deposits, but excludes—(1)water, other than water taken from land or sea for the extraction of any mineral from such water;(2)petroleum; and(3)peat."mining" means the extraction of raw materials from the earth, whether by means of surface or underground methods, and includes, but is not limited to, the removal of stone, sand, clay, kaolin, ores, minerals, gas and precious stones."motor vehicle" means a wheeled vehicle designed or used for propulsion by means of an internal combustion or electrical engine, and includes a trailer, caravan or towed structure attached to a motor vehicle, but excludes a vehicle moving exclusively on rails."motor repair garage" means a property for trading in motor vehicles, oil, tyres or motor spares, the repair or overhauling of motor vehicles or washing of vehicles, but does not include spray-painting, panel beating, black smithery, body work or the retail supply of fuel for the use of motor vehicles."Municipality" means the Municipality of Cape Agulhas, and where the context so requires, includes—(1)the Council;(2)another political structure or a political office bearer of the Municipality, authorised or delegated to perform a function or exercise a power in terms of this By-law;(3)the Municipal Planning Tribunal, authorised or delegated to perform a function or exercise a power in terms of this By-law;(4)the Municipal Manager; and(5)any employee of the Municipality acting in terms of delegated or sub-delegated authority of the Municipality."municipal area" means the geographical area over which the Municipality has jurisdiction."Municipal Manager" means the Municipal Manager of the Municipality, or an official, acting under delegated powers, charged with the responsibility to administer this By-Law."Municipal Systems Act" means the Local Government: Municipal Systems Act, 2000 (Act 32 of 2000)."National Building Act" means the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act, 1977 (Act 103 of 1977)."National Environmental Management Act" means the National Environmental Management Act, 1998 (Act 107 of 1998)."National Heritage Resources Act" means the National Heritage Resources Act, 1999 (Act 25 of 1999)."natural level of the ground" means—(1)the level of the land in its unmodified state; or(2)when altered with the municipality's approval for the purpose of development, the municipality may approve such altered ground level as the natural ground level, subject to Section 37."nature conservation" means the use and management of land with the objective of preserving the natural bio-physical characteristics of that land, such as the flora and fauna, but does not include tourist facilities."nature reserve" means a national park or some other nature area that is owned by an organ of state or remains in private ownership and has been declared as a nature reserve or has a similar status in terms of legislation; it consists of an area that is utilized as a game park or reserve for fauna and flora in their natural habitat and;—(1)includes environmental facilities and worker accommodation(2)does not include accommodation facilities for tourists or holiday makers.(3)is an area that has official status as a conservation area and that is being managed in terms of a long-term environmental management plan that has been approved by the relevant conservation authority."net area" in relation to a land unit means the total area of the land unit excluding any area reserved for public streets, roads or road-widening purposes, and 'net erf area' has a corresponding meaning."non-conforming use" as an existing land use that was lawful in terms of previous zoning scheme but does not comply with the zoning scheme in force."noxious trade" means an offensive, poisonous or potentially harmful trade, use or activity which, because of fumes, emissions, smell, vibration, noise, waste products, nature of material used, processes employed, or other cause, is deemed by the Municipality to be a potential source of danger, nuisance or offence to the general public or persons in the surrounding area or which constitutes a health hazard in terms of the Public Health Act, 1997 (Act 63 of 1997), or the operation of a scheduled process as defined in Section 1 of the Explosives Act, 1956 (Act 26 of 1956)."occupant" means any person who occupies a land unit."occupational health and safety law" means the Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993 (Act 85 of 1993), or municipal by-laws governing occupational health and safety, whichever is applicable."occupational practice" means the undertaking of an occupation or enterprise in a dwelling unit used primarily for the living accommodation of a single family, by one or more persons who live in that dwelling unit, but excludes the retailing of products not manufactured on the premises and any wholesale business."open space" means land which has been reserved or is used for either passive or active recreation and provides major or minor recreational facilities, and it includes a park, garden, playground, sports field, promenade, pavilion, public square, picnic area, pedestrian area and beach, or land used for nature conservation."outbuilding" means a structure, whether attached or separate from the main building that is normally ancillary and subservient to the main building on a land unit, and includes a building designed to be used for the garaging of motor vehicles, and any other normal activities in so far as these are usually and reasonably required in the connection with the main building, but does not include a second dwelling."outdoor advertising" means the act or process of notifying, warning, informing, making known or any other act of transferring information in a visible manner and that takes place out of doors."overlay zone" means a category of zoning that applies to land or land units in addition to the base zoning and that—(1)stipulates development parameters or use rights that may be more or less restrictive; and(2)may include provisions and development parameters relating to—(a)primary or consent uses;(b)subdivision and sub-divisional areas;(c)development incentives;(d)density limitations;(e)urban form or urban renewal;(f)heritage and environmental protection;(g)management of urban growth;(h)scenic drives; coastline setbacks;(i)any other purpose as set out in this zoning scheme."panhandle property" means an erf that is configured with a narrow panhandle portion forming an access corridor to the bulk of the erf which is located behind the bulk of other erven or land units."parapet" means a low projection, wall or moulding that finishes the uppermost edge of a building with a flat or low pitched roof."parking bay" means an area measuring not less than 5,0m x 2,5m for perpendicular parking and 6,0m x 2,8m for parallel parking, which is clearly outlined and demarcated for the parking of one motor vehicle and which is accessible to the satisfaction of the Municipality."pergola" means any unroofed horizontal or approximately horizontal grille or framework and associated vertical support structure and of which the area in the horizontal projection of its solid portions does not exceed 25% of the total area thereof."place of assembly" means a place which serves the social and community needs of inhabitants, which may attract people in relatively large numbers and which is not primarily a commercial enterprise; including a civic hall, concert hall, indoor sports centre and club house, but does not include a place of entertainment or conference facility."place of entertainment" means a place used primarily for commercial entertainment which may attract relatively large numbers of people, operate outside normal business hours or generate noise from music or revelry on a regular basis; including a cinema, theatre, amusement park, dance hall and nightclub."place of instruction" means a place for education at pre-school, school or post school levels, including a crèche, nursery school, primary school, secondary school, college, university and research institute, and associated uses such as boarding hostels; or a civic facility for the promotion of knowledge to the community such as a public library, public art gallery or museum; or a place of instruction in sport where the main objective is instruction as opposed to participation by the public as either competitors or spectators; but excludes a reformatory, commercial conference facility or in-house business training centre."place of worship" means a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, chapel or other place for practicing a faith or religion, and includes associated uses such as a religious leader's dwelling, office and place for religious instruction but does not include a funeral parlour, cemetery or crematorium."plant nursery" means a property which is used for the sale of plants, gardening products and gardening equipment."plaza" means an urban open space or square, primarily designed for outdoor use by pedestrians."porch" means a roof (not being the floor of a balcony) projecting from the outside of a building above a doorway, and forming a covered entrance to the building, and includes any paved area underneath the roof, and any low walls or railings enclosing that paved area, and any pillars supporting the roof."portable building" means any prefabricated structure or freight container, assembled off-site and delivered to the site as a complete unit or a building purchased in kit form and assembled on-site, which can be moved without disassembly to another location."porte cochères" means a covered entrance large enough for vehicles to pass through, typically opening into a courtyard or a porch where vehicles stop for passengers to get out of the vehicle."pornographic entertainment business" means the selling or hiring out of items with pornographic elements, such as books, films, videos or photographs, or the offering of live or recorded performances with pornographic elements; it includes an escort agency, as well as a massage parlour other than a massage establishment used for medical, sport or gymnasium purposes."precinct plan" means a plan, approved by the Municipality, as envisaged in this By-law as a component to a package of plans."previous zoning scheme" means a zoning scheme or town planning scheme referred to in section 33(1) or (2) of the Land Use Planning Act."primary use" in relation to property means any land use specified in this By-law as a primary use, being a use that is permitted within a zoning without the need to obtain the Municipality's approval."private open space" means land which is in private ownership or municipal property that is leased on a long term basis, and that is used primarily as a private site for outdoor sports, play, rest or recreation, or as a park or nature area; and includes associated buildings, infrastructure and uses."private parking" means property, which is reserved for parking purposes, if such parking is not normally accessible to the general public."private road" means land reserved for the passage or parking of motor vehicles, which is privately owned and does not vest in the Municipality or another public authority."property" means land together with any improvements or buildings on the land."provincial road" means a road that is under the jurisdiction of the provincial roads authority."pub" means an establishment for the sale of primarily alcoholic beverages, and sometimes also food, to be consumed on the premises and is also known as a tavern or bar; but excludes a night club."public nuisance" means any act, omission or condition that is offensive in the opinion of the Municipality, injurious or dangerous to health, materially interferes with the ordinary comfort, convenience, peace or quiet of the public, or that adversely affects the safety of the public, having regard to the reasonableness of the activities in question in the area concerned, and the impacts that result from these activities."public open space" means property which is or will be under the ownership of the Municipality or another public authority, with or without access control, and which is set aside for the public as an open space for recreation or outdoor sport; including a park, playground, public square, picnic area, public garden, nature area or outdoor sports stadium; and may include associated buildings, infrastructure and uses."public parking" means a property that is accessible to the general public for parking purposes with or without a fee."public street" means land indicated on an approved plan, diagram or map as having been set aside as a public throughway for vehicles and pedestrians, of which the ownership as such vests in the Municipality in terms of the Land Use By-Law, LUPA or in terms of any other law."retaining structure" means a wall or structure constructed to hold back earth or loose rock."rear boundary" in relation to a land unit means every boundary of that land unit (other than a street or lateral boundary) which is opposite to every street boundary of such land unit and which does not intersect a street boundary, provided that in the case of a panhandle property the Municipality shall determine which boundary, if any, is the rear boundary."refuse room" means a defined screened refuse receptacle from where refuse is collected, usually on a weekly basis."Register" means the register maintained by the Municipality in which is recorded all departures, consent uses, environmental management plans, site development plans and conditions relating to use rights or the development and management of special zones."registered land surveyor" means a professional land surveyor, registered in terms of the Geomatics Profession Act, 2013 (Act 19 of 2013)."Republic" means the Republic of South Africa."residential building" means a building where lodging is provided, with or without meals, together with such outbuildings as are normally used therewith, and includes an old age home, children’s home, hostel, boarding house and building in which rooms are rented for residential purposes, but does not include flats or a dwelling house, double dwelling house, group house, institutional building, place of instruction or hotel."restaurant" means a commercial establishment where meals and liquid refreshments are prepared and/or served to paying customers for consumption on the property, and may include licensed provision of alcoholic beverages for consumption on the property."retirement village" means premises specifically reserved to provide accommodation in the form of group houses, town houses, separate dwelling units or a block of flats for elderly and/or retired persons and may include care and recreational facilities together with a chemist, small shop, café and outbuildings ordinarily and reasonably required therewith."rezoning" means the amendment of the Zoning Scheme in order to effect a change of zoning in relation to a particular land unit or units."riding school" means a place or undertaking for the leasing of horses and riding instruction against payment and includes the care and stabling of such horses."road" includes a public street or a private road."road reserve" means the designated area of land that contains a public street or private road (including the road and associated verge) and that may be defined by cadastral boundaries."rooftop base station" means a cell phone base station where antennae are attached to the roof or side of an existing building; provided that any antennae support structure or equipment room that is not part of the building, does not extend more than 2,5m in height above the top of the building."satellite dish antenna" means apparatus fixed to a structure or mounted permanently on the ground, that is capable of receiving or transmitting communications from a satellite."scenic drive" means a public street designated as a scenic drive by the Municipality in recognition of the high visual amenity alongside that public street, including background vistas of a mountain, open country, a coastline or a town."scrapyard and salvage building" mean premises which is utilised for one or more of the following purposes:(1)storing, depositing or collecting of junk or scrap material or articles of which the value depends mainly or entirely on the material used in the manufacture thereof;(2)the dismantling of second-hand vehicles or machines to recover components or material, and(3)the storing or sale of second-hand parts, poles, steel, wire, lumber yards, tyres, bricks, containers or other articles which are suitable to be left in the open without any serious damage being incurred."second dwelling unit" means a dwelling unit including a kitchen, on a land unit where a dwelling house has already been lawfully erected."self-catering accommodation" means a dwelling house or a dwelling unit used for the overnight accommodation of bona fide transient guests."service station" means premises used for the retail supply of fuel and includes trading in motor vehicles, oil, tyres or motor spares, the repair or overhauling of motor vehicles and washing of vehicles, but does not include spray-painting, panel beating, black smithery or body work and any portion of a shop or business premises which incorporates facilities for the retail supply of fuel for the use of motor vehicles, shall be deemed a service station."service trade" means an enterprise which is:(1)primarily involved in the rendering of a service for the local community such as the repair of household appliances or the supply of household services;(2)not a source of disturbance to surrounding properties;(3)employs at most 10 people, and(4)is not likely, in the event of fire, to cause excessive combustion, give rise to poisonous fumes or cause explosions;(5)and includes a builder's yard and allied trades, laundry, bakery, dairy depot and similar types of uses, but does not include an abattoir, brick-making site, service station or motor repair garage or sewage works."service yard" means a defined screened area providing utility services including washing line facilities for, amongst others, general residential developments"shelter" means a unit of accommodation intended for human occupation, constructed of any material, even though such material may not comply with the standards of durability intended by the National Building Act, 1977 (Act 103 of 1977)."shop" means premises used for the retail sale of goods and services individually or in relatively small quantities to the public; it includes a retail concern where goods which are sold in such a concern are manufactured or repaired, provided that the floor space relating to such manufacture or repair shall not comprise more than one-third of the floor space of the shop; "shop" does not include spray painting or an industry, service trade, motor repair garage, motor vehicle body repair shop, service station, restaurant, pornographic entertainment business, bottle store or industrial hive, and if such uses are included with a shop on a land unit, they shall be regarded as separate uses subject to separate development parameters."sign" means any sign, sign-writing, mural, graphic design, signboard, screen, blind, boarding or other device by means of which an advertisement or notice is physically displayed, and includes any advertisement, object, structure or device that is in itself an advertisement or is used to display an advertisement."site development plan" means a dimensioned plan drawn to scale that indicates details of the proposed land development, including the site layout, positioning of buildings and structures, property access, building designs and landscaping."spatial development framework" (or "SDF") means a Municipal Spatial Development Framework that indicates the spatial implications of a Municipal Integrated Development Plan."special usage" means a use which is such, or in respect of which the development parameters are such, that it is not otherwise catered for in this By-Law."spray painting and motor vehicle body repair shop" means premises used for spray painting of motor vehicles or parts of motor vehicles and the repair of motor vehicle bodies including panel beating and black smithery."statutory plan" means a policy, programme, or plan required by legislation and which governs or affects the use of land, and includes:(1)the Provincial Spatial Development Framework if approved in terms of law;(2)the integrated development plan and spatial development plan of the Municipality;(3)the national water resource strategy established under Section 5 of the National Water Act, 1998 (Act 36 of 1998);(4)a catchment management strategy established under Section 8 of the National Water Act, 1998 (Act 36 of 1998);(5)the national bio-diversity framework and the national bio-diversity strategy and action plan prepared in terms of Chapter 3 of the Biodiversity Act, 2004 (Act 10 of 2004);(6)a bio-regional plan prepared in accordance with Sections 40 to 42 of the Biodiversity Act, 2004 (Act 10 of 2004) and(7)the national land transport strategic framework and the provincial land transport framework prepared in accordance with Section 19 of the National Land Transport Transition, 2000 (Act 22 of 2000)."stoep" means an uncovered paved area or projecting floor outside and immediately adjoining a building, at or below the level of the ground floor of the building, and includes any low walls or railings enclosing the paved areas or floors."storm water" means water resulting from natural processes, the precipitation or accumulation of the water, and includes groundwater and spring water ordinarily conveyed by the storm water system, as well as sea water within estuaries, but excludes water in a drinking-water or waste-water reticulation system."storm water system" means constructed and natural facilities, including pipes, culverts and water courses, used or required for the management, collection, conveyance, temporary storage, control, monitoring, treatment, use or disposal of storm water."street boundary" means the boundary between a land unit and a public street or private road."street centreline setback" means the line delimiting the area measured from the centre line of a particular public street, within which no building or other structure, including a boundary fence, may be erected."structure" without in any way limiting its ordinary meaning, includes any building, shelter, wall, fence, pillar, tower, pergola, steps, landing, terrace, sign, ornamental architectural feature, swimming pool, fuel pump or underground tank, any building ancillary to service infrastructure provision, and any portion of a structure."supermarket" means a retail concern with a net retail floor space of not less than 250m2, which is utilised for sales on a basis of self-service and where the goods for sale fall in one or more of the following categories: foodstuffs and confectionery; toiletries and household cleansing agents; paints and hardware; electrical or gas appliances; musical instruments; crockery and kitchen utensils; camping and garden furniture and equipment; toys; furniture; photographic equipment; haberdashery and clothing; tools and accessories; and pot plants and flowers."tavern" refer to definition of pub."terrace" means an area to which occupants of a building have access, created on a flat roof over a portion of the building, resulting from the setting back of part of the building above that portion."top of the roof", for the purpose of height control, means the top of the roof ridge in the case of a pitched roof, or the top of the parapet where the parapet extends above the roof."total floor space" of a building means the sum of the floor space of all the levels of a particular building, including basements."tourist facilities" means amenities for tourists or visitors such as lecture rooms, restaurants, gift shops, restrooms, or recreational facilities, but does not include a hotel or overnight accommodation."town housing" and "town housing scheme" means housing development which is a row or group of linked or attached dwelling units, designed, and built as a harmonious architectural entity, of which every dwelling unit has a ground floor."Townships Ordinance" means the Townships Ordinance, 1934 (Ordinance 33 of 1934) and includes all Regulations made under it."traffic impact assessment" means a statement of demand for travel generated by proposed development in relation to the existing and planned road system;"transmission tower" means any support structure and associated infrastructure of more than 3,0m in height, that is used for the transmission and/or reception of electromagnetic waves and includes telecommunication, cellular telecommunication, radio, television and satellite transmission."transport usage" means a transport undertaking based on the provision of a transport service and includes public and private undertakings such as airports, railway stations, bus depots, taxi ranks, public transport interchanges and associated purposes."urban agriculture" means the cultivation of crops, on relatively small areas within the town, for own consumption or sale in neighbouring markets; provided that cultivation of a garden by an occupant shall not be regarded as urban agriculture for the purpose of control in terms of this Zoning Scheme."urban edge" means a demarcated line indicating the outer limit of an urban area determined in accordance with the SDF."use right" The right to utilise that land in accordance with its zoning, a departure, consent use, condition of approval or any other approval granted in respect of the rights to utilise the land."used" in addition to its ordinary meaning, includes "designated or intended to be used"."veranda" means a covered area (not being an area that is part of a yard or parking area) or projecting floor outside and immediately adjoining a building at or below the level of the ground floor of the building, and includes both the covered area or floor and the roof or other feature covering it, as well as any low walls or railings enclosing the covered area or floor."visual impact assessment report" means an assessment of the visual impact of proposed development on the area in which it is proposed to be located."wall plate" means the lowest point of a longitudinal member, bar, rafter, beam, truss, bracket, pillar, post, structure or any other similar device that supports a roof, as determined by the Municipality."warehouse" means a building used primarily for the storage of goods, except those that are offensive or dangerous, and includes premises used for business of a primarily wholesale nature, but does not include premises used for business of a primarily retail nature."waste disposal site" means a place where household, commercial or industrial waste products may lawfully be stored, salvaged, treated or disposed of."working day" means a day that is not a Saturday, Sunday or public holiday."youth hostel" means a place providing affordable accommodation, aimed mainly at young tourists."zoning", when used as a noun, means a category of directions regulating the development of land and setting out the purposes for which the land may be used and the land use or development parameters applicable in respect of the said category of directions, as determined by this By-Law and when used as a verb in relation to land, means to designate that land for a particular zoning. Zoning includes base zoning and overlay zoning."zoning map" means a map or maps maintained by the Municipality that illustrates the application of this By-Law to land units situated within the municipal area."zoning scheme" means a land use scheme as defined in section 1 of the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act and includes the components referred to in section 4 of this By-Law.

Chapter 2
Zoning scheme, use zones and uses

2. Application of zoning scheme

The zoning scheme applies to the entire municipal area.

3. Purpose of zoning scheme

The purpose of the zoning scheme is to—
(1)give effect to the municipal spatial development framework;
(2)make provision for orderly development and the welfare of the community; and
(3)determine use rights and development parameters, with due consideration of the principles referred to in the Land Use Planning Act.

4. Components of zoning scheme

The zoning scheme consists of the following components:
(1)this By-law;
(2)the zoning scheme map; and
(3)the register.

5. Use zones

(1)The municipal area is divided into the use zones referred to in column 1 of the table set out in Schedule 1.
(2)The purpose, primary use and consent use of each use zone is summarized in column 1, 2 and 3 respectively in the table set out in Schedule 1.
(3)The location, boundaries and extent of each use zone is depicted on the zoning scheme map.
(4)The primary and consent uses applicable to each use zone are subject to the development parameters specified for the land use applicable to each use zone as set out in Schedule 2.

6. Zoning scheme map

(1)The zoning scheme map depicts—
(a)the zoning of land in accordance with the use zone in which the land is located; and
(b)overlay zones, if applicable to the land.
(2)The official version of the zoning scheme map must be kept on file at the Municipality and is available for inspection during normal office hours.
(3)The official version of the zoning scheme map as approved together with this By-law must be certified by the Municipal Manager.
(4)The official version of the zoning scheme map depicts the status of the current zoning classification of land in the Municipality and may only be amended as provided for in this By-law and the Planning By-law.
(5)The official version of the zoning scheme map is incorporated in and made part of this By-law and publication of this By-law in the Provincial Gazette constitutes notice of the approval of the zoning scheme map.
(6)The Municipality must update the zoning scheme map within a reasonable time after use rights have been granted or have lapsed.
(7)The Municipality may keep the zoning scheme map in an electronic format.
(8)The Municipality may provide an extract of the zoning scheme map to members of the public on payment of a fee determined by the Municipality in terms of the Municipality's tariff policy.

7. Transition to new use zones and savings

(1)Upon the date of commencement of this By-law, land that is zoned in terms of the previous zoning scheme is translated or reclassified to one of the use zones referred to in section 5.
(2)Despite the translation or reclassification of the use zones used in the previous zoning scheme to the use zones used in this By-law—
(a)any condition of approval or validity period that is applicable to a land unit in terms of the previous zoning scheme applicable immediately before the coming into effect of this By-law, remains applicable and in so far as it determines development parameters that are different from the development parameters applicable in terms of this By-law, it is not to be considered an offence but a lawful non-conforming use;
(b)the Municipality must record any condition of approval referred to in paragraph (a) in the register together with any applicable validity period applicable to the zoning in terms of the previous zoning scheme;
(c)a zoning approved in terms of the previous zoning scheme that has been exercised within its validity period, cannot lapse, and is translated or reclassified as determined in this By-law;
(d)a zoning approved in terms of the previous zoning scheme that has not been exercised, lapses after the expiry of the validity period applicable to that zoning in terms of the previous zoning schemes;
(e)in the event of the lapsing of a zoning as contemplated in paragraph (d), the land unit reverts back to the use zone applicable to it in terms of the previous zoning scheme before it was rezoned and is translated or reclassified as determined in Schedule 4.
(f)A building plan application that was formally submitted and accepted—
(i)immediately before the coming into effect of this By-law and which is still being processed; or
(ii)on or after the date of coming into effect of this By-law with the purpose to act on an approval in terms of a previous planning law, must be assessed in accordance with that approval provided that such building plan application is submitted within 30 months after commencement of this zoning scheme, or within the validity period of said application, whichever is the later date.
(g)Any rezoning or consent use application which was submitted prior to the date of coming into effect of this By-law, must be finalized in terms of the previous zoning scheme, and thereafter is translated or reclassified as determined in Schedule 4 or as determined by the municipality.

8. Zoning scheme register

The Municipality:
(1)must record all departures, consent uses, or other permissions granted and non-conforming uses in the register;
(2)may keep the register from the date of commencement of the zoning scheme in an electronic format; and
(3)must make the register available to members of the public for viewing.

9. Primary uses

Primary uses of land permitted in each use zone, without the Municipality's consent, are listed in the corresponding part of column 2 of the table set out in Schedule 1.

10. Consent uses

Consent uses of land permitted in each use zone, with the Municipality's prior consent in terms of the Planning By-law, is listed in the corresponding part of column 3 of the table set out in Schedule 1.

11. Temporary departures for specific occasions

(1)The Municipality must record the relevant information relating to a temporary departure for occasional uses applicable to a land unit in the register.
(2)Approval of a use right as a temporary departure for an occasional use in terms of the Planning By-law must at least be subject to the development parameters applicable to the use right as stipulated in this By-law.

12. Non-conforming uses

(1)A non-conforming use does not constitute an offence in terms of this By-law.
(2)A non-conforming use may continue as long as it remains otherwise lawful.
(3)No additions or extensions to a non-conforming use is permitted.

13. Deemed zoning of closed public places

The zoning of land that was previously a public street or public open space, vested in or owned by the Municipality and that is closed, is determined as follows:
(1)if the land is transferred to an abutting landowner, that portion of the land falls in the same zone as that of the abutting land belonging to the abutting owner; or
(2)the Municipality must determine which zoning applies to the land if—
(a)the land is transferred to an abutting landowner and that owner owns abutting properties falling into more than one zone; or
(b)in any other case not provided for in this section.

Chapter 3
Overlay zones

14. Purpose of overlay zones

(1)The Municipality may adopt, review, or amend overlay zones for specific areas in the Municipality in accordance with section 16 to—
(a)give expression, in a planning context, to the local needs and values of the communities concerned; and
(b)promote particular types of development, urban form, landscape character, environmental features, or heritage values.
(2)The Municipality must determine development parameters for each area of an overlay zone.

15. Procedures for establishing, reviewing, or amending overlay zones

An overlay zone is adopted, reviewed, or amended by the Municipality as an amendment of this By-law in accordance with sections 12 and 13 of the Municipal Systems Act and section 25 of the Land Use Planning Act.

Chapter 4
Distances, levels and boundaries

16. Measuring distances and levels

The following provisions apply with regard to the method of measuring distances and levels:
(1)when reference is made or implied to the distance between boundaries or between a building and a boundary, this distance must be measured in the following manner:
(a)the boundary or boundaries and all points of the building must be projected onto a horizontal plane, and all measurements must be made in the plane; and
(b)the distance between a point on a building and a boundary must be measured at right angles to the erf boundary;
(2)when reference is made to a portion of a boundary opposite a building, that portion must be defined by drawing lines in a manner described in paragraph (a) from points on the building, at right angles to the boundary;
(3)when reference is made to natural ground level or of a roof wall plate, parapet or other things, the level must be calculated in accordance with recognised geometric principles; and
(4)when the levels involved are so irregular that calculation in accordance with the principles in paragraphs (a) to (c) is impractical or leads to a result that is not in accordance with the intent of the zoning scheme, the Municipality must determine the level.

17. Determining boundaries of use zones

If uncertainty exists as to the boundaries of use zones, the following parameters apply in the order listed:
(1)boundaries shown as following or approximately following any public street or road must be construed as following the street cadastral boundary;
(2)boundaries shown as following or approximately following any land unit boundary must be construed as following that boundary;
(3)boundaries shown as following or approximately following natural features must be construed as following those features; and
(4)in the event of further uncertainty as to the boundaries of a use zone, the Municipality must make a determination.

Chapter 5
Enforcement

18. Offences, penalties, and enforcement of By-law

(1)Subject to section 13, no person may erect any building or structure or any part thereof—
(a)except for a purpose permitted by this By-law and only in accordance with the applicable development parameters; or
(b)without first obtaining approval from the Municipality in terms of the Planning By-law.
(2)A use not reflected as a primary or consent use for a particular use zone is not permitted in the use zone concerned, unless approved in terms of the Planning By-Law.
(3)A person who contravenes this section and sections 20 to 50 is guilty of an offence and liable upon conviction to a fine or imprisonment not exceeding a period of 20 years or to both a fine and such imprisonment.
(4)A Municipality must enforce the zoning scheme through the measures for enforcement provided for in the Planning By-law.

Chapter 6
Development of land

19. Development parameters applicable to use rights

(1)The land use descriptions and development parameters applicable to each primary and consent use right depicted in the table in Schedule 1 are described in Schedule 2.
(2)Development parameters are applicable to use rights only and, notwithstanding the zoning of an erf, a specific use right has the development parameters as listed in Schedule 2, provided that the Municipality may grant a departure from the development parameters in terms of the Planning By-law.
(3)Consent uses listed in Column 3 of Schedule 1 is subject to the following conditions:
(a)when a consent use is granted by the Municipality in a particular zone, the applicable land use must be supplementary to the primary use right allowed under the particular zone; and
(b)when land is intended to be utilised exclusively for a consent use in a particular zone and the consent use is a primary right in another zone, application must be made for rezoning to the zone where the applicable land use is a primary right.
(4)No departure from the land use descriptions or definitions may be granted by the Municipality.
(5)Despite subsections (1) and (2), the Municipality may determine any additional condition of approval in respect of a use right for a specific property as may be required in terms of any other applicable legislation.

Chapter 7
General provisions

20. Methodologies for measurement and calculation & encroachment of building lines

The Municipality may require an applicant or owner of a land unit to appoint a registered surveyor to supply or verify information required by the Municipality to make a decision about compliance with distances or levels required in terms of this By-Law.
(1)Where reference is made to a distance, ground level, height of a point on a building or other measurement, then that distance, level or height shall be calculated in accordance with recognised geometric principles.
(2)In any case where the distance, level or height involved is so irregular that calculation in accordance with geometric principles is impractical or leads to a result which is clearly not in accordance with the intent of the By-Law, the Municipality must determine the distance, level or height concerned for the purpose of administering this By-Law.
(3)The height of a building must be measured in the vertical plane in metres from the natural ground level immediately adjacent to the building to the highest point of the building measured.
(4)For the purposes of calculating whether or not a building complies with any height restriction, the height must be calculated from the natural level of the ground immediately adjacent to the building or other level specified in law or in the relevant authorisation, to the highest point of the building measured excluding chimneys, flues, masts and antennae.
(5)The distance between boundaries or between a building and a boundary, must be determined by:
(a)projection of the boundary or boundaries and all points of the building onto a horizontal plane, and
(b)measurement of the shortest distance between the point on the building and the boundary, or between boundaries, on the horizontal plane.
(6)Where reference is made to the portion of a boundary "opposite" a building, that portion of the boundary shall be defined by the drawing of lines from points on that building, at right angles to the boundary.
(7)A land unit that abuts on a curved street or streets shall be regarded as a corner property if the bend creates an interior angle of not more than 135 degrees.
(8)A corner property shall be considered to have two street boundaries and two lateral boundaries.
(9)A panhandle property shall be considered to have two rear and two lateral boundaries and the Municipality must determine which boundaries are the rear boundaries of a panhandle property.
(10)Building lines apply only to that section of the property that does not fall within the panhandle part of the land unit.
(11)The panhandle portion of a panhandle property must be:
(a)not less than 4,0m wide for its entire length;
(b)disregarded for the purposes of calculating coverage on the property.
(12)The floor space of a building shall be measured from the outer face of the exterior walls or similar supports of the building, and where the building consists of more than one storey, the total floor space shall be the sum of the floor space of all the storeys, including that of basements.
(13)For the purposes of calculating the floor space of a building:
(a)any balconies, terraces, stairs, stairwells, verandas, common entrances and common passages covered by a roof shall be included, but in the case of multi-storey buildings any atrium and any stairwells, lift-wells or other wells, must only be counted once;
(b)the following must be excluded:
(i)any area, including a basement, which is reserved for parking or loading of vehicles;
(ii)external entrance steps and landings, any stoep and any area required for external fire escapes;
(iii)a projection including a projection of eaves, and a projection which acts as a sunscreen or an architectural feature, which projection does not exceed 1,0m beyond the exterior wall or similar support;
(iv)any uncovered internal courtyard, light-well or other uncovered shaft which has an area in excess of 10m2;
(v)any arcade that is 2,0m or more in width, which provides access through the building concerned from public parking, a public street or open space, to some other public parking, public street or open space, and which at all times is open to the public, as well as any covered walkway, the roof of which allows light to pass through, and
(vi)any covered paved area outside and immediately adjoining a building at or below the ground floor level, which is part of a forecourt, yard, external courtyard, pedestrian walkway, parking area or vehicular access.
(14)The calculation of coverage for the purposes of determining the percentage of a land unit that is, or will be, covered by buildings, must take account of:
(a)walls and buildings;
(b)solid roofs;
(c)stairs, steps, landings (except entrance landings and steps); galleries, passages and similar features, whether internal or external, and
(d)canopies, verandas, balconies, terraces and similar features.
(15)The calculation of coverage for the purposes of determining the percentage of a land unit that is, or will be, covered by buildings, must disregard:
(a)the panhandle portion of a panhandle property;
(b)stoeps, entrance steps and landings;
(c)cornices, chimney breasts, pergolas, flower boxes, water pipes, drain pipes and minor decorative features not projecting more than 500mm from the wall of the building;
(d)eaves not projecting more than 1,0m from the wall of the building, and
(e)a basement provided that the basement ceiling does not project above the finished ground level.
(16)Despite the building line requirements set out herein, the following structures or portions of structures may be erected within the prescribed building lines, provided they do not extend beyond the boundaries of a land unit:
(a)boundary walls, screen walls, fences, and gates; not exceeding 2,1 metres in height above the natural ground level, excluding where any such wall will result in infilling higher than 0,5 metres above natural ground level;
(b)open and uncovered stoeps that are less than 500 millimetres in height from the natural level of the ground;
(c)entrance steps, landings, and entrance porches, excluding porte cochères;
(d)a covered entrance or gatehouse that has a roofed area not exceeding 5m2 and a roof height not exceeding 3 metres from the floor to the highest point;
(e)eaves and awnings projecting no more than 1 metre from the wall of a building;
(f)cornices, chimney breasts, flower boxes, water pipes, drainpipes and minor decorative features not projecting more than 500 millimetres from the wall of a building;
(g)swimming pools not closer than 1 metre from any boundary;
(h)a basement, provided that no part of such a basement projects above natural ground level;
(i)drying yards, provided that no drying yard shall be erected over the street building line without the Municipality’s consent;
(j)a refuse room required by the Municipality in terms of this By-law;
(k)water storage tanks not exceeding the height of the boundary wall.
(17)For the purposes of determining street boundaries, a street centreline setback and site access requirements, the boundary of a pedestrian way or service lane that cannot or will never be used by motor vehicles may be regarded as a common boundary.

21. Street centreline setback

(1)The portion of a land unit falling within a street centreline setback area is excluded for the purpose of determining coverage and maximum floor space, unless the owner transfers the portion concerned to the Municipality free of charge.
(2)In such case, the portion must be included for the purpose of determining coverage or maximum floor space on a land unit.

22. Site development plans

(1)In addition to the zones that specifically require a site development plan, the Municipality may require a site development plan in respect of the following development types:
(a)shopping centres or shopping complexes;
(b)business or office park developments;
(c)industrial park developments;
(d)developments in conservation areas;
(e)developments that will be sectionalised;
(f)incremental residential developments;
(g)major developments where there are concerns relating to urban form, heritage, traffic, the environment, or planning.
(2)The Municipality may require the following information to be depicted on a site development plan:
(a)existing bio-physical characteristics of the property;
(b)existing and proposed cadastral boundaries;
(c)the layout of the property, indicating the use of different portions of the property;
(d)the massing, position, use and extent of buildings;
(e)sketch plans and elevations of proposed structures, including information about their external appearance;
(f)cross-sections of the site and buildings on site;
(g)the alignment and general specification of vehicle access, roads, parking areas, loading areas, pedestrian flow and footpaths;
(h)measures of access control to parking areas and reservation of parking areas;
(i)the position and extent of private, public and communal space;
(j)typical details of fencing or walls around the perimeter of the land unit and within the property;
(k)electricity supply and external lighting proposals;
(l)provisions for the supply of water, management of storm water, and disposal of sewage and refuse;
(m)external signage details;
(n)general landscaping proposals, including vegetation to be preserved, removed or to be planted, external paving, and measures for stabilising outdoor areas where applicable;
(o)the phasing of a development;
(p)the proposed development in relation to existing and finished ground levels, including excavation, cut and fill;
(q)statistical information about the extent of the proposed development, floor area allocations and parking supply;
(r)relationship of the proposed development to the quality, safety and amenity of the surrounding public environment;
(s)relationship of the proposed development to adjacent sites, especially with respect to access, overshadowing and scale;
(t)illustrations in a three-dimensional form depicting visual impacts of the proposed development on the site and in relation to surrounding buildings;
(u)any other details as may reasonably be required by the Municipality.
(3)The Municipality may require that the area covered by a site development plan must extend beyond the site under consideration if, in its opinion, the proposed development will have a wider impact.
(4)The Municipality may determine the extent of the area covered by a site development plan.
(5)An applicant must submit a site development plan to the Municipality if it is required in terms of this zoning scheme before any development on the relevant land unit may commence.
(6)The Municipality may require amendments of detail to the site development plan to address reasonable concerns relating to access, parking, architectural form, urban form, landscaping, environmental management, engineering services or similar concerns.
(7)The following provisions apply with regard to site development plans:
(a)the property must be developed generally in accordance with an approved site development plan;
(b)if the Municipality considers it necessary, a transport or traffic impact statement or assessment may be required in conjunction with a site development plan, the extent of which must be determined by the Municipality, depending on the size of the development;
(c)if the Municipality considers it necessary, a storm water impact assessment or storm water management plan or both may be required in conjunction with a site development plan, the extent of which must be determined by the Municipality, depending on the size of the development;
(d)if the Municipality considers it necessary, a visual impact assessment, which may include a landscape character analysis, may be required in conjunction with a site development plan, the extent of which must be determined by the Municipality, depending on the size of the development; and
(e)an approved site development plan must be considered as setting additional development parameters applicable to the base zone, and any application for amendment must comply with the Municipality’s requirements for the amendments.

23. Hazardous substances

(1)Any use or ancillary activity that involves the storage or keeping of hazardous substances that may result in an installation being declared a major hazardous installation in terms of occupational health and safety law is not permitted, unless the owner has submitted a risk management and prevention plan and the Municipality has approved the plan.
(2)The Municipality's approval in terms of subsection (1) above does not exempt the owner from applying for permission in terms of other applicable legislation.

24. Screening

The Municipality may require screening in accordance with the following provisions:
(1)any part of a land unit that is used for the storage or loading of goods must be enclosed with a suitable wall or landscape screening or both; and
(2)any external utility service or equipment that is required for a building must be appropriately screened from view from a public street, and the screening must be integrated with the building in respect of materials, colour, shape, and size.

25. Earth banks and retaining structures

Unless the prior approval of the Municipality has been obtained—
(1)no earth bank, retaining structure, column, suspended floor, other device or series of such devices may be constructed that enables the ground floor of a building to be raised more than 0,5 metres above natural ground level, provided that where the raising takes place, the height must still be measured from natural ground level, excluding infill for a driveway;
(2)no earth bank or retaining structure used for holding back earth or loose rock, whether associated with a building or not, may be constructed to a height of more than 2 metres above natural ground level; and
(3)no series of earth banks or retaining structures may be constructed to a cumulative height of more than 2,5 metres above natural ground level, unless an approximately level area of at least 2 metres wide is incorporated between successive embankments or retaining structures for every 2 metres of cumulative height.

26. Boundary walls

In the absence of an approved site development plan, architectural guidelines or relevant policy, the following development parameters apply to boundary walls:
(1)Height
(a)The maximum height in all cases is 3m with application and approval of the BCO.
(2)Permeability
(a)60% of a residential street boundary wall must be permeable; and
(b)80% of a street boundary wall in other areas must be permeable.

27. Maintenance of property

Property must be properly maintained by the owner or occupier and may not—
(1)be left in a neglected or offensive state, as may be determined by the Municipality;
(2)contain an unsightly accumulation of papers, cartons, garden refuse, rubble, or other waste material, as may be determined by the Municipality;
(3)contain an accumulation of motor wrecks or unroadworthy vehicles or used motor parts, unless these are permitted in terms of the primary or consent use applicable in terms of this zoning scheme; and
(4)contain outdoor storage of building material, appliances, or similar items unless these—
(a)are permitted in terms of the primary or consent use in terms of this zoning scheme;
(b)are temporarily being stored for the purpose of construction in accordance with a valid building plan approval; or
(c)are being stored in conjunction with the holding of a yard or garage sale with a duration of not more than two consecutive days.

28. Parking of vehicles in residential zones

A motor vehicle of an occupant of a dwelling unit and used for commercial activities conducted away from the dwelling unit may be parked on the property where the occupant resides, provided that—
(1)there is adequate space on the property concerned;
(2)no more than one commercial vehicle per dwelling unit may be parked on the property; and
(3)the gross weight of any such commercial vehicle may not exceed 3 500 kg.

29. Mobile homes and caravans

(1)A recreation vehicle, including a mobile home or caravan, may not be used for permanent habitation without the approval of the Municipality, unless the zoning lawfully allows the permanent habitation.
(2)The following additional development parameters apply with regard to mobile homes approved to be placed on a land unit zoned for residential purposes:
(a)the mobile home or caravan must be sited on a foundation slab and properly anchored;
(b)solid perimeter skirting, of material and colour complementary to the mobile home or caravan, must be provided from the bottom of the mobile home to the ground surface;
(c)the roof and exterior siding of the mobile home or caravan must be of a non-reflective material; and
(d)any structural additions must be of materials which, in the opinion of the Municipality, are compatible with the mobile home or caravan.

30. Rooftop base telecommunication stations and satellite dish antenna systems

(1)A rooftop base telecommunication station may not extend more than 3 metres in height above the building that it is attached to without the prior approval of the Municipality.
(2)No rooftop base telecommunication station or transmission tower granted as a consent use in terms of this By-law may be modified or have its radio-frequency emissions altered without prior written approval from the Municipality.
(3)The following provisions apply with regard to decommissioned antennae or rooftop base telecommunication stations:
(a)the owner or operator must remove all decommissioned infrastructure;
(b)if the site has been disturbed, the owner or operator must rehabilitate the site to its original state or to a state acceptable to the Municipality; and
(c)if the owner or operator fails to comply with paragraphs (a) or (b), the Municipality may remove that infrastructure, and rehabilitate the site at the expense of the owner or operator.
(4)Any satellite dish antenna with a diameter in excess of 1,5 metres must be placed in a position that minimises the visual impact on the surrounding area, to the satisfaction of the Municipality.
(5)Satellite dish antennas of 1,5 metres in diameter and smaller and used solely for the purposes of television reception or telecommunication, do not require the Municipality's approval and are excluded from height restrictions.

31. Geysers and solar panels or similar infrastructure affixed to roofs of buildings

Any external geysers and associated equipment or solar panels or similar infrastructure affixed to the roof of a building may not at any point be more than 1,5 metres above the roof surface, measured perpendicularly from that surface.

32. Equipment on top of building

No elevator motor rooms, satellite dishes, ventilation shafts, water tanks, air conditioning plants or other equipment on top of a flat roofed building may, subject to the definition of "height", exceed a height of 2 metres above the wall plate.

33. Parapet walls

Parapet walls are restricted to 500 millimetres in height above the finished roof level immediately contiguous to the parapet.

34. Chimneys

Chimneys may not extend higher than 1 metre above the highest point of the roof of a dwelling house or dwelling unit.

35. Linear infrastructure

Telecommunication, electrical transmission lines and pipelines or canals for the transportation of liquids and gasses may be permitted by the Municipality or an organ of state to traverse a land unit, as may be reasonably required by the Municipality or an organ of state in accordance with and subject to expropriation laws, other applicable laws and the registration of the necessary servitudes.

36. Utilisation of outbuildings

No outbuilding may be utilised for any purpose other than the purpose submitted in the building plans and approved by the Municipality, and an outbuilding may not be utilised until the main buildings are completed or occupied, unless approved by the Municipality.

37. Determination of natural ground level

(1)The Municipality may request the submission of a registered land surveyor’s certificate to determine the natural ground level before any construction activities may commence.
(2)Where the level of the land has been altered with the approval of the municipality—
(a)any grading for the purpose of development must connect evenly with the existing levels of abutting land units; and
(b)the municipality may approve the altered ground level to be the natural ground level.
(3)Where it is not possible to determine the natural ground level due to irregularities or disturbances of the land, the Municipality may—
(a)determine the natural ground level from measurements supplied on a building plan;
(b)deem a level to be the natural ground level based on measurements interpolated from a contour plan, local height benchmark or other information held by the Municipality; or
(c)require the owner or applicant to commission a registered surveyor at the cost of the owner or applicant to measure levels of the ground or interpolate levels, in order to provide the Municipality with sufficient information to determine the natural ground level for the purpose of administering this By-law.
(4)Where a building site is elevated, filled or extended with excavated or any other material, the natural ground level is not altered unless approved by the Municipality in which case the Municipality must define a ground level for the purposes of administering the height restriction of the building.

38. Animals kept for commercial purposes

Animals may be kept for commercial purposes only on a land unit zoned Agricultural Zone I.

39. Hobbies in single and general residential zones

When exercising a hobby in all single and general residential zones, the primary use of the dwelling house or dwelling unit must be for the living accommodation of a single family, provided that—
(1)no portion of the dwelling, may be used for the purposes of a noxious trade, risk activity or sale of alcoholic beverages;
(2)in addition to paragraph (1), the following uses are not classified as hobbies:
(a)activities conforming to the definition of a shop;
(b)animal care centres;
(c)butcheries;
(d)coal and wood merchants;
(e)escort agencies or adult entertainment;
(f)fishmongers;
(g)hospitals or clinics;
(h)house shops;
(i)taverns;
(j)manufacturing of concrete products;
(k)motor vehicle repairs;
(l)panel beating or spray painting;
(m)parcel delivery services;
(n)places of entertainment;
(o)places of instruction
(p)shooting ranges or shooting instructions;
(q)taxi businesses;
(r)tow-in services;
(s)transport contractors;
(t)undertakers;
(u)vehicle rental agencies; and
(v)any other activity that in the opinion of the Municipality does not fit in the particular environment or is of a nature that it must be located on a suitably zoned premises;
(3)no goods may publicly be displayed, and no external evidence of the hobby may be visible from the street;
(4)no advertising may be displayed;
(5)any public exhibition of hobby items or activities on the residential property must:
(a)be preceded by a written consent from the Municipality; and
(b)during the public exhibition, temporary parking must be provided on the land unit in accordance with the parking requirements of this By-law and appropriate traffic regulating measures must be put in place;
(6)an activity associated with a hobby may not occupy more than 25% of the total floor area of the dwelling on the property or 60m2, whichever is more restrictive, including storage;
(7)the Municipality may restrict the operating hours relating to the hobby, if the activity proves to be a nuisance to residents in the area; and
(8)any new structure, or alteration to the existing dwelling or outbuilding, must conform to the residential character of the area concerned.

Chapter 8
Parking and loading

40. Off-street parking requirements

(1)The off-street parking standards are set out in the table below:

Table A: Off-street parking requirements

Land use Normal areas
Dwelling house 1 bay per dwelling unit
Group dwelling 2 bays per dwelling unit
Flats 1.25 bays per dwelling unit
  0.25 bays per unit for visitors
Second dwelling / double dwelling house 1 additional bay per unit
Residential building  
Guest Accommodation 1 bay per guest suite
Gymnasium 6 bays per 100m2 GLA
Hotel 1.2 bays per guest suite or room
Hotel with facilities available to overnight guests only 1 bay per guest suite or room
Retirement village 1 bay per 2 bedrooms
Hospital (general and private) 1 bay per four beds
Clinic / Medical consulting rooms 4 bays per consulting room
Funeral chapel / place of assembly / worship / entertainment 1 bay per 25 seats or persons calculated at 1.5m2 GLA per person
Single shops 4 bays per 100m2 GLA
Shopping centre 4 bays per 100m2 GLA
Offices 4 bays per 100m2 GLA
Industry 2 bays per 100m2 GLA
Industrial hive 4 bays per 100m2 GLA
Service Station 4 bays per 100m2 GLA
Schools (including crèches) 1 bay per classroom / office plus 1 per 30 children / learners
Place of instruction (other than schools) 1 bay per classroom / office plus 1 per 5 children / learners
Restaurant 1 bay per 25m2 of seating area (inside and outside), provided that the seating area is clearly indicated on the building plan
Recreation / sport bay per 8 seats or persons calculated at 1.5m2 GLA per person
Conference facility 8 bays per 10 seats or persons calculated at 1.5m2 GLA per person
GLA = "gross leasable area"
(2)The Municipality shall determine off-street parking requirements for land uses not stipulated in Table A;
(3)With regard to the parking requirement for shopping centres, the Municipality may require an increased number of bays should this be needed in its opinion;

41. Alternative parking supply

(1)As an alternative to compliance with the off-street parking requirements in terms of this zoning scheme, an owner may, with the approval of the Municipality—
(a)acquire an area of land sufficient for the permanent parking requirements elsewhere, in a location approved by the Municipality; or
(b)acquire permanent rights to a parking facility or portion of a parking facility elsewhere, in a location approved by the Municipality, and must register a notarial tie or servitude against that land or parking facility to link the properties concerned for the purpose of parking, and the owner must cause the parking concerned to be constructed and maintained in accordance with the Municipality's requirements and approval.
(2)The cost of registration of the notarial tie or servitude referred to in paragraph (1)(b) must be borne by the owner.

42. Combined parking requirements

If two or more uses combine to share a common parking area, the Municipality may approve parking requirements that provide less than the quantum of the parking required for individual uses provided that—
(1)the Municipality is satisfied that the utilisation of the same parking area by the different use types or activities in the zones will not result in a concurrent use of the parking area; and
(2)bays intended for combined uses may not subsequently be reallocated to other uses without the approval of the Municipality.

43. Additional parking and site access requirements

(1)The additional parking and site access requirements in this By-Law apply to all zones except Incremental Housing and Service Station.
(2)Vehicle access shall be limited to one carriageway crossing per site per public street or road abutting the site.
(3)A carriageway crossing may comprise a single lane not exceeding 4,0m in width where it crosses the street boundary, or combined entrance and exit lanes not exceeding 8,0m in width where they cross the street boundary.
(4)Notwithstanding section (3) above, where the total length of any street boundary of a site exceeds 30m in length, one additional carriageway crossing may be permitted provided that no two carriageway crossings are closer than 15m to each other.
(5)If the corner at a street intersection is not splayed, vehicle carriageway crossings shall not be closer than 10m to such corner.
(6)If the corner at a street intersection is splayed, vehicle carriageway crossings shall not be closer than 10m from such corner or 5,0m measured from the point where the splay reaches the road boundary, whichever is the greater distance from the corner.
(7)Parking areas shall be used for the parking of vehicles that are lawfully allowed on them and any activity that causes an obstruction for the vehicular traffic, or pedestrians in the use of the pavement, is prohibited.
(8)Additional parking for a public restaurant and/or conference facility at a hotel may be required to the satisfaction of the Municipality.
(9)Parking areas shall be constructed to the satisfaction of the Municipality.
(10)Driveways and parking spaces shall be smoothly graded, adequately drained and constructed with suitable sub-grade, base and surfacing to be durable under the use and maintenance contemplated.
(11)Any grade transitions shall be designed and constructed to prevent undercarriages and bumper guards from scraping the pavement surface.
(12)Such parking facilities shall be property maintained and aisles shall remain open and free for traffic flow.
(13)Each parking space shall be separated with proper striping, or other designation to the satisfaction of the Municipality.
(14)The Municipality may lay down more restrictive requirements in connection with parking and site access than are provided for in this By-Law if it considers it necessary from a pedestrian or traffic safety point of view.

44. Parking layout requirements

(1)The following parking layout requirements apply unless otherwise stated in this zoning scheme:
(a)parking layout configurations, minimum dimensions and ramps to a parking area must be in accordance with this zoning scheme or an approved site development plan;
(b)the layout of any parking area, except for parking in Single Residential Zone, must ensure that vehicles can readily leave the site without reversing across the sidewalk, unless otherwise approved by the Municipality;
(c)a tandem bay accommodating two motor vehicles is regarded as one bay for the purposes of this zoning scheme, except for single residential zones, where a tandem bay is regarded as two bays;
(d)visitor parking bays must be clearly demarcated, readily visible and accessible to visitors, and preferably grouped together;
(e)parking areas must be used for the parking of vehicles which are lawfully allowed on them, and any activity which causes an obstruction for vehicular traffic or pedestrian use of the sidewalk is prohibited;
(f)parking areas must be constructed and maintained in a state suitable for the parking and movement of vehicles;
(g)control of access to and reservation of parking bays or areas is not permitted unless written approval has been obtained from the Municipality, either through an approved site development plan or other written approval; and
(h)despite paragraphs (a) to (g), the Municipality may lay down more restrictive requirements related to parking, site access or motor vehicle carriageway crossing, if it considers this to be necessary from a pedestrian or traffic safety point of view.
(2)The Municipality may require an applicant to submit a parking layout plan indicating—
(a)the way in which it is proposed that motor vehicles park;
(b)the means of entrance and exit from parking areas;
(c)landscaping proposals; and
(d)construction details.
(3)A parking layout plan must:
(a)be submitted to the Municipality for all parking areas in excess of 6 parking bays, or if required by the Municipality for a lesser number of bays, and
(b)indicate the way in which it is intended that vehicles shall park, the means of entrance and exit, and landscaping proposals.
(4)The Municipality may approve or refuse the parking layout plan and impose conditions of approval.

45. Parking for physically disabled

(1)The Municipality may require parking suitable for use by persons with physical disabilities to be provided on any land unit in order to ensure easy and convenient access for such persons to services and facilities generally open to the public and to residential uses.
(2)In any parking facility serving the public, parking for persons with physical disabilities must be provided in accordance with the table below:

Table B: Parking for the physically disabled

Total number of parking bays Required number of bays accessible to the physically disabled
1 - 50 1
51 - 100 2
101 - 150 3
151 - 200 4
For every additional 100 bays 1 additional parking bay
(3)Parking bays for physically disabled persons must:
(a)be a minimum of 2,5m in width and 5,5m in length;
(b)be provided with an adjacent level access aisle that shall be a minimum of 1,5m in width (access aisles may be shared between two adjacent bays for physically disabled persons);
(c)be level;
(d)be located as near as possible to accessible building or site entrances and shall be located to provide convenient access to curb ramps;
(e)be reserved for physically disabled persons;
(f)be marked on the parking surface with the international symbol of accessibility.
(4)Additional signage indicating the parking bay as reserved for exclusive use by physically disabled persons may be required by the Municipality, including a sign warning drivers of the possibility of towing due to unauthorised use and providing information regarding the recovery of vehicles.
(5)Where five or less parking bays are provided, at least one bay shall be 4,0m wide and marked to provide a parking bay of 2,5m with an access aisle 1,5m, but the bay need not be reserved exclusively for physically disabled persons only.
(6)Physically disabled parking provided in terms of this By-Law shall count toward fulfilling off-street parking requirements.

46. Motorcycle and bicycle parking spaces

(1)The Municipality may require that parking be provided for motorcycles and bicycles.
(2)For every 4 motorcycle and 6 bicycle parking spaces provided, a credit of 1 parking bay may be given towards applicable parking requirements, provided that—
(a)the total credit may not exceed 2,5% of the parking bays required;
(b)the minimum dimension for a motorcycle space is 2,2 metres in length and 1 metre in width; and
(c)the minimum dimension for a bicycle space is 2 metres in length and 0,6 metres in width.
(3)Signage, bollards and racks or other devices for storing bicycles and enabling motorcyclists to make use of the motorcycle and bicycle parking spaces must be installed.

47. Loading requirements

(1)Unless the Municipality grants approval to waive this requirement, loading bays must be provided in accordance with the table below.
(2)The Municipality may determine off-street loading requirements for uses not stipulated in the table.
(3)The following minimum requirements apply to loading bays:
(a)a loading bay must measure not less than 4,5 metres x 10 metres for perpendicular loading, and 2,5 metres x 12 metres for parallel loading;
(b)no carriageway crossing to be accessed by loading vehicles may be less than 3 metres in width, and no combined entrance and exit way may be less than 6 metres in width; and
(c)covered loading areas must have a minimum headroom of 3,7 metres.

Table C: Loading bays

Land use Floor area (m2) No of loading bays
Offices 0 - 5 000 0
5 001 – 15 000 1
15 001 – 30 000 2
Every additional 30 000or part thereof 1 additional bay
Business premises other than offices, supermarket, indusrty 0 — 1 000 0
1 001 — 2 500 1
2 501 — 5 000 2
5 001 — 10 000 3
Every additional 10 000or part thereof 1 additional bay
Supermarket 0 — 500 1
501 — 1 000 2
1 001 and greater 3 x requirements for business premises other than offices, supermarket, industry
(4)A loading bay shall have vehicular access to a public street to the satisfaction of the Municipality.
(5)The Municipality may, for the purpose of preventing the obstruction of traffic on any public street adjacent to a land unit, require the owner to submit proposals, to the satisfaction of the Municipality, for suitable and sufficient space on the land unit for any loading, off-loading or fuelling of vehicles which are likely to occur under normal circumstances.
(6)No owner or occupant of a land unit, shall undertake or knowingly permit loading, off-loading or refuelling of vehicles other than in accordance with the proposals as approved by the Municipality.
(7)The following minimum requirements shall apply:
(a)a loading bay shall measure not less than 4,5m x 10m for perpendicular loading and 2,5m x 12m for parallel loading;
(b)no entrance or exit way to be used for loading shall be less than 3,0m in width and no combined entrance and exit way shall be less than 6,0m in width;
(c)covered loading areas shall have a minimum headroom of 3,7m.

48. Garages, carports and parking areas

(1)The Municipality may permit the erection of a garage within the street building line if, in the Municipality’s opinion, the garage cannot reasonably be sited at the prescribed distance due to the slope of the land unit, or for other reasons provided that:
(a)the height of such garage from the finished floor level to the top of its roof shall not exceed 4,0m;
(b)the garage shall not be closer than 5,0m to the road kerb.
(2)The Municipality may permit the erection a carport on the street boundary provided that:
(a)the width of such carport measured edge to edge of the roofing and guttering and parallel to the street boundary shall not exceed 6,5m. Upon written application, the Municipality may permit the 6,5m to be extended.
(b)the roof of the carport shall be supported by metal or wrought timber posts or brick, concrete or masonry pillars; provided that there is a space of at least 0,5m between each pillar;
(c)the carport not to be enclosed permanently on more than two sides except by:
(i)a boundary wall or fence not exceeding 2,1m in height, will be seen as opening, and 3m with approval, not seen as opening;
(ii)a wall which forms an external wall to the building;
(iii)The two open sides can be closed for not more than 60% with burglar bars or similar or with roll down canvas, still be seen as an opening.
(d)the height of such carport from the floor to the highest point of its roof shall not exceed 3,0m;
(e)the edges of the roof sheeting shall be neatly trimmed with a facia board not less than 150mm in depth.
(f)A garage door can be erected on the street entrance of the carport.
(g)A carport is described in SANS 10400 A, as a building intended to provide shelter for a motor vehicle, caravan or boat and having a roof but having walls on not more than two sides.
(h)A carport can be built on the boundary line without the permission of the neighbour.
(3)The Municipality may permit the erection of a carport or garage in the lateral building line.

49. Second dwelling units and double dwelling houses

(1)A second dwelling unit must have a floor area that is less than that of the main dwelling house on that land unit and must not extend beyond that cadastral unit.
(2)Building plans for a second dwelling unit must include a site development plan, showing the siting of existing and proposed buildings, access and egress, parking and driveway access, the position of the living areas of the residences, partition walls and landscaping, existing and proposed paved areas, existing and proposed wash-line and refuse areas, street elevations of the proposed building, and materials and finishes of the proposed building.
(3)Building plan approval for a second dwelling unit is subject to the following conditions:
(a)only one additional residential unit is allowed per erf;
(b)all the developments on the site must comply with the development parameters, including building lines, height and bulk restrictions that apply to the specific zone in question
(c)its total floor space will not be less than 30m2 and shall not exceed 120m2, excluding a garage and may be built within the 8,5 meter height restriction of the main dwelling;
(d)the materials, exterior finishes and architectural style of the second dwelling will be compatible with the existing dwelling unit;
(e)it will not exceed 8m in height measured from the natural ground level;
(f)that the Municipality has adequate capacity to provide municipal services to the additional unit;
(g)it will not have a detrimental impact on conservation-worthy buildings, building complexes or streetscapes, and
(h)the applicant may be required to pay a bulk services contribution levy as may be determined by the Municipality from time to time.
(4)Unless otherwise specified in the approval of the consent for a double dwelling house:
(a)both dwelling units in a double dwelling house shall be designed to give the appearance of a single large dwelling house. Both units may have a ground storey, or one unit may be on the ground storey and one on the storey above.
(b)the applicant may be required to pay a bulk services contribution levy as may be determined by the Municipality from time to time.
(5)The Municipality may stipulate minimum subdivision sizes and maximum density ratios for specified areas, as a requirement when considering the approval of building plans for a second dwelling unit or granting consent for a double dwelling house.
(6)A second dwelling unit or one dwelling unit of a double dwelling house may not be separately alienated in terms of the Sectional Titles Act, 1986 (Act 95 of 1986) and shall not be deemed as sufficient reason for the Municipality to approve the subdivision of the land unit containing a second dwelling unit.
(7)The Municipality may permit the erection of an outbuilding or second dwelling unit which encroaches into the lateral or rear building line subject to the following conditions:
(a)no building shall exceed the height of 5,0m
(b)no door or window shall be permitted in any wall which is closer than 1,5m to the lateral or rear boundary concerned;
(c)an access way, other than through a building and at least 1m wide, shall be provided from a public street to every vacant portion of the land unit concerned, other than a court yard;
(d)no runoff of rainwater from the roof shall be discharged directly onto any adjoining property.
(8)In circumstances where there is a zero lateral or rear building line, the following restrictions shall apply:
(a)no door or window shall be permitted in any wall which is closer than 1,5m to the lateral or rear boundary concerned;
(b)no runoff of rainwater from the roof shall discharge onto any adjoining land unit.

50. Letting of rooms

(1)An owner or occupant of a dwelling house may let rooms to lodgers subject to the following conditions:
(a)the dominant use of the dwelling house or unit must be for the living accommodation of a single family;
(b)no more than five lodgers may be permitted to lodge on the property.
(c)every room let to lodgers shall have an entrance inside the dwelling house, and
(d)no self-sufficient accommodation may be provided and no cooking facilities, except kettles, may be provided in lodger rooms.
(e)Rooms may not be let to transient persons.

51. Occupational practice

(1)An owner or occupant of a dwelling house may undertake an occupational practice subject to the conditions set out in Sub-section (a) to (r). Where an approval for an occupational practice consent use is required, it will be granted subject to the following conditions, unless otherwise specified in the conditions of approval:
(a)the dominant use of the dwelling house or unit shall be for the living accommodation of a single family;
(b)the occupational practice must clearly be secondary to the use of the dwelling unit for dwelling purposes and must not change the residential character of the dwelling unit or erf in any manner when seen from the abutting street or streets;
(c)where the occupational practice will be undertaken on a property that falls under the jurisdiction of a home owners’ association, the written permission of such home owners’ association shall be obtained before the occupational practice is commenced;
(d)the maximum floor-space of a house allowed for residential business purposes must not exceed 25% of the floor-space of the dwelling unit, while this floor space may not be more that 40m2;
(e)the economic activity must not result in the employment of more than two employees, and the employee(s) may not practice a profession as such from the premises;
(f)no portion of such dwelling, and no home occupation, shall be used for the purposes of a noxious trade, risk activity or sale of alcoholic beverages;
(g)the economic activity may not involve the breeding and keeping of animals, including birds and livestock for commercial purposes;
(h)the economic activity must not create interference with radio or television reception in the immediate vicinity of the dwelling unit;
(i)the display of goods to the public, be it in a window or elsewhere is not allowed;
(j)no advertising sign shall be displayed other than a single un-illuminated sign or notice not projecting over a street. Such sign shall not exceed 2 000cm2 in area and shall indicate only the name, telephone number and profession or occupation of the occupant;
(k)no more than one commercial vehicle, not exceeding 3 500kg gross weight, may be utilised for the occupational practice, provided that a vehicle used by an occupant exclusively for personal purposes shall not be regarded as a commercial vehicle;
(l)the regular parking or storing of smaller vehicles used for transport of goods, materials, passengers, or otherwise is not allowed, unless it is registered in the applicant’s own name or belong to bona fide visitors, during such a visit only;
(m)the economic activity may not cause a traffic volume inconsistent with the normal traffic flow where the dwelling house or unit is situated;
(n)on-site parking for clients and employees may be required to the satisfaction of the Municipality;
(o)no products, goods, or supplies connected with the home occupation may be stored on the property outside a building;
(p)the Municipality may specify the operating hours of the occupational practice;
(q)the undertaking of an occupation in the single residential, incremental housing, agriculture or smallholding zones does not establish business rights to the premises in respect of those premises, and
(r)the continued exercising of the rights mentioned above, will be subject to the approval of the Municipality in the case of complaints being received by the Municipality about the manner in which these rights are exercised.

52. Guest accommodation

(1)Unless otherwise specified in the approval, an approval for a guest accommodation consent use is subject to the following conditions:
(a)the dominant use of the property must remain as a dwelling for the living accommodation of a single family;
(b)the owner and/or manager of the guest accommodation must reside on the property;
(c)no more than twelve rooms per land unit in total shall be used for bedroom accommodation for paying guests or lodgers and no more than 24 guests or lodgers shall be supplied with lodging or meals at any time. In granting its consent the Municipality will indicate the maximum number of rooms and guests that may be accommodated;
(d)no self-catering accommodation may be provided and no cooking facilities, except kettles, may be provided in guest rooms;
(e)a conference facility may be allowed with the specific consent of the Municipality;
(f)meals may only be provided to guests or lodgers who have lodging at the guest accommodation;
(g)no advertising sign shall be displayed other than a single un-illuminated sign or notice not projecting over a street. Such sign shall not exceed 2 000cm2 in area with no commercial advertising attached.
(2)The consent for guest accommodation will be granted subject to the approval of a site development plan, which indicates as a minimum, the siting of existing and proposed buildings, access and egress, parking and drive way access.

53. Day care centres

(1)Unless otherwise specified in the approval, an approval for a day care centre consent use is subject to the following conditions:
(a)no more than 15 children shall be enrolled at the day care centre at a time;
(b)at least one toilet and one hand basin shall be available for the use of children attending the day care centre;
(c)a minimum area of indoor play space and outdoor place space shall be provided as follows:
(i)1,8m2 indoor play space per child, of which no more than one third may be enclosed veranda space, and
(ii)4,5m2 outdoor play space per child, to be fenced off from any public street;
(d)the services provided shall be primarily day care and educational and not medical;
(e)the services are not provided outside the hours of 06:00 to 18:00;
(f)the dominant use of the dwelling house shall remain for the living accommodation of a single family, and
(g)the Municipality shall be satisfied that drop-off and collection arrangements are adequate and will not cause undue traffic flow blockages in the immediate vicinity of the area.

54. House shops

(1)The Cape Agulhas House shop By-Law must be considered for:
(a)the storage or sale of gas and gas containers;
(b)the sale of any other flammable substances;
(2)the use of vending machines, video games and pool tables are only permitted if allowed in terms of the consent approval;
(3)no food may be produced or processed on the site;
(4)only pre-packaged food from registered suppliers may be offered for sale;
(5)perishable food stuffs, if frozen must be stored and displayed below -12°C and if cooled, below +7°C;
(6)the Municipality may require on-site parking to its satisfaction;
(7)consent to operate a house shop applies to particular land unit, and is not transferable to other land, and
(8)the continued exercising of the rights mentioned above, will be subject to the approval of the Municipality in the case of complaints being received by the Municipality about the manner in which these rights are exercised, and the Municipality may revoke consent.

55. Portable buildings

(1)Portable buildings must comply with the development parameters, including building lines, height and bulk restrictions that apply to the specific zone in question.
(2)The Municipality reserves the right to order the screening to its satisfaction or removal of portable buildings, where such structures detract, in its opinion, from the amenity of the area.
(3)The placement and use of portable buildings require approved building plans as per the requirements of the National Building Act, 1977 (Act 103 of 1977).
(4)No more than one portable building per property will be permitted in residential zones.
(5)The floor area of such portable building must not exceed 18m2.
(6)Portable buildings used for residential purposes should be 18m2 or larger

56. House taverns

(1)Unless otherwise specified in the approval, an approval for a house tavern consent use is subject to the following conditions:
(a)the total area used for the house tavern on the property, including storage, shall not consist of more than 40% of the total floor area of the dwelling unit(s) on the property or 30m2, whichever is the lesser;
(b)in addition to the house tavern, the property must contain a dwelling house, which must be occupied by the proprietor or manager of the house tavern;
(c)the house tavern must be accommodated in a permanent structure;
(d)the applicant must take adequate measures to the satisfaction of Municipality to mitigate the following potential negative impacts:
(i)visual impact;
(ii)impact of built form;
(iii)impact on privacy of surrounding properties;
(iv)noise;
(e)the applicant must make adequate provision to the satisfaction of Municipality for the following:
(i)parking and loading;
(ii)disposal of garbage;
(iii)ablution facilities;
(f)provision must be made for all goods connected with the house tavern to be stored inside a building or screened from the neighbours and the street;
(g)the Municipality may restrict the maximum number of patrons and number of staff related to the house tavern;
(h)the Municipality may require structural alterations to the property for fire or health reasons and to ensure that the impact of the house tavern on neighbouring uses is minimised;
(i)the following uses are not permitted in a house tavern except if allowed in terms of the consent approval: vending machines, gambling machines, video games, pool tables, amusement centre and discotheque;
(j)a liquor license shall be obtained from the Western Cape Provincial Liquor Board in terms of the relevant legislation within a reasonable period of time from the granting of the consent. In the event of the liquor license being withdrawn or suspended, the Municipality's consent for the operation of a house tavern shall automatically lapse;
(k)consent to operate a house tavern applies to a particular land unit, and is not transferable to another land unit;
(l)no external evidence of the house tavern may be visible from the street, except for one un-illuminated sign, which shall be affixed to the wall of the dwelling or outbuilding, which may not exceed 2 000cm2 in area and such sign shall indicate only the name of the owner, name of the business, and nature of the retail trade;
(m)no house tavern may be authorized or established where its proximity to community uses, such as schools, places of worship, old age homes, crèches, public open spaces, hospitals, clinics, libraries, is likely to have a negative impact on the facility in the opinion of Municipality;
(n)trading may only be conducted during the operating hours specified by the Municipality.

57. Preservation of trees

(1)When an application is submitted in terms of this By-Law, the Municipal Manager may require the applicant to submit a plan of the land unit concerned showing any tree that is not classified under Section 2(3) of the Conservation of Agriculture Resources Act; 1983 (Act 43 of 1983) as an invader plant for the Western Cape, and that:
(a)is a protected tree listed under Section 12 of the National Forest Act, 1998 (Act 84 of 1998), or
(b)is taller than 6,0m, or
(c)has a trunk circumference of more than 1,5m at a height of one metre above the ground.
(2)The Municipality may decide which trees it considers to be worthy of preservation and must indicate these when approving a plan referred to in Sub-section (1).
(3)No person may damage, destroy, or remove any tree that has been indicated on a plan referred to in this By-Law as worthy of preservation except with the prior approval of the Municipal Manager.

Chapter 9
Refuse rooms and service yards

58. Refuse rooms

(1)The Municipality may, for the purposes of collecting refuse, require the owner to install a refuse receptacle on a property and require the refuse receptacle to—
(a)be of sufficient size to accommodate the refuse generated from the property for one week;
(b)be located adjacent to a public street, or in a position which will provide acceptable access to a refuse collection vehicle;
(c)be designed in a manner that is architecturally compatible with the other structures on the property and will screen refuse bins from public view; and
(d)to comply with any other conditions or standard requirements that the Municipality may impose relating to access, health, pollution control, recycling, safety or aesthetics.

59. Service yards

(1)The Municipality may require the owner to install a screened area providing utility services, including washing lines, for residential developments.
(2)The utility services must—
(a)be designed in a manner that is architecturally compatible with the other structures on the property and in the case of refuse bins must be screened from public view; and
(b)comply with any other conditions or standard requirements that the Municipality may impose relating to access, health, pollution control, safety, or aesthetics.

Schedule 1

Use zones table and record of amendments

A. Use zone table

Table D: Use zones

Zoning Code Primary use Consent use
Single residential SR    
The purpose of this zone is:(1)to ensure healthy, safe and pleasant living conditions for single families living in separate dwelling units, and(2)to allow for limited opportunities for home-based economic activity, provided that the general character and amenity of the zone is not adversely affected.   Dwelling houseOccupational practiceSecond dwelling unitUrban agriculture Day care centreGuest accommodationDouble dwelling houseHouse shopHouse tavernRenewable energy structure
Medium Density Residential MDR    
The purpose of this zone is:(1)promote and regulate medium density residential development, such as group housing or town house schemes, and(2)to ensure that adequate provision is made for open space, community facilities, traffic circulation and parking.   Group housingTown housingRetirement villageOccupational practice Institutional buildingDouble dwelling houseFlatsRenewable energy structure
High Density Residential HDR    
The purpose of this zone is to provide for high density residential development, such as flats. Limited mixed-use development may be allowed with the consent of the Municipality.   FlatsGroup housingTown housingRetirement villageResidential buildingOccupational practice Business on theground floorGuest accommodationInstitutional buildingHotelPlace of assemblyPlace of instructionDwelling houseDouble dwelling houseRooftop base StationRenewable energy structure
Incremental Housing IH    
The purpose of this zone is to provide for upgrading of housing from informal settlements to formal settlements. In recognition of the realities of poor and marginalized communities, development parameters are not restrictive and local employment generation is encouraged within this zone. Once upgrading of an area has reached an appropriate stage, as determined by the Municipality, it is contemplated that the area may be rezoned to Single Residential Zone or another zone.   Dwelling houseSecond dwelling unitOccupational practiceHouse shopShelterUrban agriculture Guest accommodationHouse tavernDay care centreDouble dwelling housePlace of instruction
Business B    
The purpose of this zone is to provide for the establishment of mixed uses in business nodes and along activity streets.   Business premisesFlats (provided that flats may only be provided above ground floor along a street boundary)Public parkingPlace of entertainmentRestaurantHotelGymnasiumFuneral parlourRooftop base station WarehousePlace of worshipGuest accommodationResidential buildingService tradeBottle storeSupermarketGambling machinePornographic entertainment businessPlace of instructionPlace of assemblyTransmission towerRenewable energystructure
Local Business LB    
The purpose of this zone is to provide for a mix of uses in local business nodes and along activity streets, as well as for convenience stores.   Business premisesFlatsPublic parkingRestaurantRooftop base station Service tradePlace of assemblyPlace of entertainmentPlace of instructionPlace of worshipFuneral parlourGuest accommodationHotelResidential buildingBottle storeTransmission towerRenewable energy structure
Service business SB    
The purpose of this zone is to allow for the transitional area between business and industrial uses, and in particular for service trade, motor repair garages, and low impact, small-scale industry and manufacturing, factory shops and warehousing.   Light IndustryService tradeMotor repair garageBusiness premisesWarehousePublic ParkingPlace of entertainmentRestaurantGymnasiumRooftop base station Place of WorshipPlace of InstructionScrapyard and salvage buildingsFlats (above ground floor)Transport usagePornographic entertainment businessTransmission towerRenewable energy structure
Service station SS    
The purpose of this zone is to provide opportunities for petrol filling stations, service stations, motor repair garages and associated facilities.These have specific vehicle access requirements and potential negative impacts on the adjoining area.   Service stationRooftop base station RestaurantMotor repair garageShopTransmission towerRenewable energy structure
Noxious Industry NI    
The purpose of this zone is to provide for industries which are noxious in terms of emissions, run-off, smell or solid waste storage or disposal, or for any other reason regarded as such and which carry a high risk in the case of fire or accidents.   Noxious tradeSpray painting and motor vehicle body repair shopRooftop base station IndustryService tradeWarehousePublic parkingShopWaste disposal siteScrap yard and salvage buildingCrematoriumAquacultureRenewable energystructureTransmission tower
Mining M    
The purpose of this zone is to provide for the extraction of minerals and raw materials and to allow for limited associated business operations.   MiningRooftop base station IndustryNoxious tradeRenewable energy structureTransmission tower
Civic and Social CS    
The purpose of this zone is to provide for uses directed at serving community needs related to education, religion, health, social interaction, and recreation. Some of these uses require only consent in zones such as business and service business. However, where it is considered that such uses may potentially have a significant impact on surrounding uses, in residential areas for instance, rezoning will be required.   Place of instructionPlace of worshipInstitutional buildingPublic open spaceUrban agriculture Conference facilityCemeteryDwelling housePlace of assemblyRooftop base stationTransmission tower
Authority Usage AU    
The purpose of this zone is to provide for such uses related to all spheres of government, which do not readily fall into any other use zone, such as prisons, military installations, electricity substations, etc. However, the general principle should be that land used by any sphere of government should be classified according to its use and not ownership. The zone also provides for the mitigation of the impact of such government uses on surrounding areas.   Authority usageRooftop base station As may be determined by the MunicipalityTransmission tower
Transport Usage TU    
The purpose of this zone is to reserve land for transportation systems, excluding private roads and public streets, but including all other transport undertakings such as airports, heliports, harbours, railway lines, bus depots, taxi ranks, cable car stations and modal interchanges.   Transport usagePublic parkingRooftop base station Business premisesRestaurantWarehouseIndustryService tradeService stationPlace of entertainmentPlace of assemblyInstitutional buildingMotor repair garageRenewable energystructureTransmission tower
Street S    
The purpose of this zone is to provide for public and private roads and streets, whether existing or to be constructed.   Public streetPrivate roadPublic parkingPrivate parking  
Parking P    
The purpose of this zone is to provide for parking of operable motor vehicles on a temporary basis in order to meet a parking demand, with or without a fee. Such parking may be provided in buildings as well as open parking lots and may be privately or publicly owned. This zone should be used where only parking is required as a primary use and other uses need to be restricted.   Public parkingPrivate parkingRooftop base station Transmission tower
Nature Conservation Area NCA    
The purpose of this zone is to provide for open spaces that are not actively used for recreational purposes, but form part of the visual amenity of an area and play an ecological or conservation role. Consent for limited tourism related uses may be granted in such zones.   Nature conservationOne dwelling unitPublic open spacePrivate open space 4x4 trailPlace of instructionTourist facilitiesHoliday accommodationRooftop base stationTransmission tower
Open Space OS    
The purpose of this zone is to provide for active and passive open space and public spaces in urban areas. This may include spaces that are intensively landscaped (green) and which are used for recreational purposes, and which add to the amenity of an area, or spaces that may be used for a variety of community and commercial uses on a nonpermanent basis such as informal trading, periodical markets, con-certs or public meetings.   Public open spacePrivate open spaceUrban agricultureRooftop base station CemeteryPlace of worshipPlace of assemblyCrematoriumInformal tradingInstitutional buildingPlace of instructionRestaurantBoat launching facilityTransmission towerContainer facility
Resort R    
The purpose of this zone is to promote tourist and holiday facilities in areas with special environmental or recreational attributes so as to encourage access to these facilities by the general public.   Holiday accommodationNature conservationOpen spaceConference facility Tourist facilitiesHotelTransmission towerRooftop base stationRenewable energy structure
Agriculture A    
The purpose of this zone is to provide for and protect agricultural activities and viable agricultural units as an important economic, environmental and cultural resource. Provision is made for non-agricultural activities, in particular tourism related activities, so as to allow for the realisation of the optimum economic potential of agricultural properties, provided that these do not have a significant impact on the agricultural resource base. Environmental management plans should be required for tourism related uses, such as 4X4 trails, as well as other uses that may in the opinion of the Municipality have a potentially significant impact on the resource base.It includes:—(1)Harvesting, cooling, storing, sorting, packing and packaging of agricultural produce grown on that land unit and surrounding or nearby farms(2)Harvesting of natural resources limited to living organisms for delivery to the market(3)Agricultural buildings or infrastructure that are reasonably connected with the main farming activities, including a dwelling house, agricultural worker accommodation and rooftop base telecommunication stations(4)A camping site limited to a maximum of 10 tent or caravan stands subject to the development parameters applicable to 'tourist accommodation', provided further that a consent use must be applied for the following cases:(a)The property is smaller that 1Ha;(b)The property is situated within 1km of the high water mark of the ocean or a tidal river; and(c)More than 10 tent or caravan stands are applied for(5)Linear infrastructure(6)Agricultural industry; and(7)Does not include aquaculture, an abattoir, farm shop, animal care center, any mining activity, utility services and renewable energy structures for commercial purposes   AgricultureOccupational practiceDwelling houseIntensive horticultureIntensive animal farmingDwelling unit for use by bona fide farm managerFarm worker accommodation Second dwelling unitGuest accommodationFarm shopFarm stallRestaurantTourist facilitiesRiding schoolPlant nursery4x4 trailCommercial kennelsAquacultureService industryRooftop base StationTransmission towerRenewable energy structure
Agricultural Processing AP    
The purpose of this zone is to make provision for the processing of agricultural products on farms or portions of farms where such processing may, in the Municipality's opinion, potentially impact negatively on the amenity of the surrounding area in terms of the size or intensity of the activity, but for reasons of efficiency these activities are best situated within an agricultural area, as opposed to an urban or industrial area. The use category “agricultural industry” has a different meaning to “agriculture” to protect the agricultural resource base and amenity of agricultural areas.It includes;—(1)An enterprise for the processing of agricultural products of which the majority of the products are sourced from that land unit and if not produced on that land unit, then from the land units farmed by the owners of the enterprise with a minority of the products sourced from the surrounding or nearby farms(2)Includes a winery, dairy distillery, the bottling of water, a sawmill; and   Agricultural industryAbattoirRooftop base station Tourist facilitiesFarm shopFarm stallAquacultureRenewable energy structureTransmission tower
Smallholdings SH    
The purpose of this zone is to accommodate larger residential properties which may be used for limited agriculture, but primarily serve as places of residence for people who seek a rural lifestyle. Such properties often occur close to towns and villages and should only occur within a demarcated urban edge. Development of this type should conform to provincial policy on the establishment of agricultural smallholdings in the urban fringe.   AgricultureDwelling houseSecond dwelling unitOccupational practice Guest accommodationTourist facilitiesRiding schoolPlant nurseryIntensive horticultureCommercial kennelsService industry
Undetermined U    
The purpose of this zone is to enable the Municipality to defer a decision regarding a specific land use and development parameters until the circumstances affecting the land unit have been properly investigated; or until the owner of the land makes an application for rezoning; or a zoning determination is made by Municipality.      
Special SP    
The objective of this zone is to provide for circumstances where special or unique factors justify the creation of specific development parameters for a specific site or sites without justifying the creation of a new zone in this By-Law. In addition, it provides an opportunity to introduce collaboration between the Municipality and the owner/developer in the development process. It allows for unforeseen or special circumstances where it is not possible to accommodate the use or activity in an existing use zone, and it allows for innovative design, architectural styles, building forms and site layout.   Special usage Any use specified by the MunicipalityRooftop base stationTransmission tower
Sub-divisional Area SA    
The objective of this zone is to designate land where future subdivision and development rights are granted in terms of the Land Use By-Law and LUPA, as the case may be subject to conditions including the submission of a detailed subdivision application.      
Heritage Conservation Overlay Zone HCO    
The heritage conservation overlay provides for the protection of the heritage resources in specific areas in the Cape Agulhas Municipality. As such the overlay zone is not so much concerned with the use of land, but the impact of land use changes, or any construction work, landscaping or any other action on conservation worthy resources such as historic buildings or streetscapes. The overlay zone provides for the legislation and management of such changes.      
Scenic Drive Overlay Zone SDO    
The purpose of the Scenic Drive Overlay Zone is to protect, conserve and enhance the scenic resources adjacent to important tourist and transport routes. The visual amenity of specific routes in the Cape Agulhas Municipality is a significant resource that should be protected in order to ensure the quality of the environment as a whole, as well as promote the tourism and recreational potential of the Municipal area. It is therefore important that development, in particular along tourist routes, be managed to prevent development that may detract from the natural beauty of the landscape or cultural significance of the built environment. This zone is directed at protecting views of scenic beauty alongside designated roads, while at the same time allowing reasonable development to occur. The Scenic Drive Overlay Zone should therefore ensure that new development is managed in a sensitive manner so that important views from the scenic drive are not impaired.      
Urban Renewal Overlay Zone URO    
The purpose of the zone is to provide for development incentives so as to encourage investment in specific areas in the Cape Agulhas Municipality in accordance with the Integrated Development Plan, Spatial Development Framework, or any other Municipal policy. The overlay zone allows for the introduction of a variety of incentives to promote investment and development.      
Urban Edge Overlay Zone UEO    
The purpose of this zone is:—(1)To demarcate the outer edge of urban areas in order to contain urban sprawl, promote densification within urban areas and to allow for the application of different development parameters in relation to rural and conservation areas beyond the urban edge;(2)To ensure a sensitive transition between urban areas and rural or conservation areas; and(3)To protect valuable natural, agricultural and rural landscapes and resources adjacent to urban development      
Intermediate Housing Overlay Zone IHO    
The Intermediate Housing Overlay Zone recognizes the reality that many of the residents of the Cape Agulhas Municipality do not live in permanent housing structures and that this situation is likely to persist for the foreseeable future, until housing delivery has caught up with demand for housing. The zone provides for areas designated by the Municipality where informal housing structures will be allowed, with a view to formalizing such areas over time. As such housing becomes formalised the overlay zone will no longer be applicable, but the zoning will now relate to the permanent use of the land.   Dwelling houseSecond dwelling unitOccupational practiceHouse shopShelter Guest accommodationHouse tavernDay care centrePlace of instruction
Local Area Overlay Zone LAO    
The purpose of the Local Area Overlay Zone is to provide the opportunity for communities to determine specific local development management provisions to reflect local circumstances. It is recognised that different communities may have different requirements, and that local area identities add to the diversity and richness of the urban and social fabric. The Local Area Overlay Zone also provides the Municipality with the opportunity to determine specific local development management provisions to encourage development in support of the local economy.      

B. Record of amendments

Table E: Record of amendments

Page description or number Date of latest issue
   

Schedule 2

Development parameters

Single Residential

1.DesignationThe Single Residential Zone may be referred to by the code "SR" and must be indicated on a zoning map in yellow.
2.Purpose of the zoneThe purpose of this zone is:
(1)to ensure healthy, safe and pleasant living conditions for single families living in separate dwelling units, and
(2)to allow for limited opportunities for home-based economic activity, provided that the general character and amenity of the zone is not adversely affected.
3.Policy guidelines
(1)In considering applications for consent uses, the Municipality must refer to all approved Spatial Development Framework and other statutory plans, to ensure that these uses are appropriately located.
(2)Informal housing is not permitted in this zone. Informal housing will be provided for in the Incremental Housing zone as well as an overlay zone to facilitate the rezoning of those areas to this zone once the informal housing complies with the parameters of formal housing.
4.Land use within zone
(1)The following uses are allowed in this zone:
Primary uses Consent uses
Dwelling houseOccupational practiceSecond dwelling unitUrban agriculture Day care centreGuest accommodationDouble dwelling houseHouse shopHouse tavernRenewable energy structure
(2)The Municipality may allow the use of a dwelling house or dwelling unit for overnight accommodation for transient guests, through a consent use application, provided that such use does not cause an undue disturbance to the neighbourhood. he continued use of the property for self-catering accommodation will be subject to the approval of the Municipality in the case of complaints being received by the Municipality about the manner in which these rights are exercised, and the Municipality may revoke such rights at its discretion, or alternatively, set conditions to control the use of the property for self-catering accommodation.
5.Development parameters
(1)The following development parameters apply to buildings in this zone:
Erf size Max. coverage Max. coverage Street building line Lateral building lines Rear building lines
Less than or equal to 150m2 80% 8,5m from highest point of the natural ground level immediately adjacent to the building provided that if the building is situated on a slope it may at no point exceed 10 m when measured from the natural ground level immediately adjacent to that point. 1m Avg. width of less than 13m: 1m from one lateral boundary and zero from the other Avg. width of 13m – 20m: 1.5m Avg. width of more than 20m: 2m 1m
Greater than 150m2 but not more than 250m2 75% 2m 1m
Greater than 250m2 but not more than 500m2 60% 2.5m 1m
Greater than 500m2 50% depth of less than 20m: 3m Avg. depth of 20m or more: 4m Avg. width of 20m or more: 2m 2m
(2)For outbuildings only used for the storage of vehicles and goods, the lateral and rear building lines are 1,5m, where the provisions above are more restrictive.
6.Building linesA 5,0m street building line is required where the street boundary abuts a declared road.
7.Minimum subdivision areaA zoning map may designate areas within this zone within which subdivisions will not be permitted unless the net area of each land unit created by the subdivision and any remainder, to be zoned as Single Residential, is not less than a minimum size specified in the zoning map.
8.Maximum density
(1)A zoning map may designate areas within this zone within which a maximum density is specified for a land unit, area or precinct and no development that will result in this maximum density being exceeded, will be authorised.
(2)No landowner or occupier of land may exceed the maximum density specified in a zoning map.
9.Window and door placement
(1)Any wall of a building which contains a window or door facing directly onto a lateral or rear boundary, shall be placed a distance of at least 1,0 m away from that boundary.
(2)In addition to Sub-section (1), sections related to fire protection as promulgated by the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act, 1977 (Act 103 of 1997) as amended, will be applicable.
10.Rainwater harvesting
(1)The Municipality may require a person who applies for land to be zoned or rezoned into this zone to undertake rainwater harvesting to the satisfaction of the Municipality.
(2)If the Municipality imposes a condition in respect of rainwater harvesting, it:
(a)must approve the placement of the storage facility;
(b)may require the screening of such facilities to its satisfaction;
(c)may not exceed the wall plate of single storey dwellings or the first floor level of multi-level dwellings; and
(d)should adhere to 1m building lines.
11.Renewable energyThe Municipality may require a person who applies for land to be zoned or rezoned to this zone to use renewable energy sources in the development and use of the property, such as solar water heating, or to install devices designed to conserve energy in the use of the property to the satisfaction of the Municipality.
(1)If the Municipality imposes a condition in respect of wind turbines, it:
(a)All neighbours should give consent;
(b)All wind turbines should be erected on ground level;
(c)The height should not exceed 1m from the roof of the building; and
(d)Should conform to the normal building lines applicable to the property.

Medium Density Residential

12.DesignationThe Medium Density Residential Zone may be referred to by the code "MDR" and must be indicated on a zoning map in yellow with black hatching.
13.Purpose of the zoneThe purpose of the Zone is:
(1)to promote and regulate medium density residential development, such as group housing or town house schemes, and
(2)to ensure that adequate provision is made for open space, community facilities, traffic circulation and parking.
14.Policy guidelinesThe design of the dwelling units, communal spaces and circulation areas must result in a harmonious architectural entity, and attention must be given to aesthetics, urban design and landscaping.
15.Land use within zoneThe following uses are allowed in this zone:
Primary uses Consent uses
Group housingTown housingRetirement villageOccupational practice Institutional buildingDouble dwelling houseFlatsRenewable energy structure
16.Development parametersThe following development parameters shall apply to buildings in this zone:
Maximum gross density Maximum height Street building line Lateral and rear building lines Garages
40 dwelling units per hectare, provided that the Municipality is satisfied that environmental, planning or topographical concerns are adequately addressed. 8,0m from the highest point of the natural ground level Immediately adjacent to the building provided that where the building is situated on a slope it may at no point exceed 10m when measured from the natural ground level immediately adjacent to that point. 4,0m along external roads, 0m along internal roads, unless a more restrictive building line is required to accommodate traffic flow. 0m, provided that no doors and windows are permitted and in the case of erven abutting another zone, the building line of the last mentioned zone shall apply, or unless otherwise required for firefighting purposes by the Municipality. 0m set back from the internal street boundary and 4 m set back from an external street boundary provided that 2 parking areas are provided on the site.
17.Building linesA 5,0m street building line is required where the street boundary abuts a declared road.
18.Open space
(1)Each dwelling unit shall have access to an outdoor living area, which may include private, public, or communal open space but excludes roads, service yards and parking areas.
(2)A minimum outdoor living area of 25m2 or 25% of the floor area of the dwelling unit, whichever is the greatest, shall be provided on the erf containing the dwelling unit, and a minimum of 50m2 per dwelling unit shall be provided as public or communal open space within the medium density housing site. Circulation space in the form of internal roads and pathways may constitute 50% of such communal space.
(3)Where there is no distinction between public or communal open space, and outdoor living area is provided on each erf, the open space requirements shall be replaced by a combined open space requirement of at least 100m2 per dwelling unit within the medium density housing site. Circulation space in the form of internal roads and pathway may constitute 50% of such communal space.
(4)Outdoor living areas shall be provided in a form which shall not exceed a ratio of 2:1 (length to width), and which in the opinion of the Municipality, can be effectively used as open space.
(5)Garages and carports shall be excluded in the calculation of floor space for the purpose of determining the area of outdoor living area.
(6)A landscape plan shall be prepared to the satisfaction of the Municipality.
19.Service yard
(1)A service yard shall be provided for each dwelling unit, or a combined service yard may be provided for several units.
(2)Service yards must be of an adequate area to accommodate a washing line and must be screened from the communal area by a wall, to the satisfaction of the Municipality.
20.Internal road widthThe minimum internal road reserve width is 6,0m, but the Municipality may require a greater road reserve width where it is of the opinion that the vehicular use or length of road justifies such greater road reserve width.
21.Minimum property sizeThe minimum property size for applications to rezone and subdivide a property to this zone is 2500m2, except where an approved spatial development framework provides an alternative guideline.
22.Site development plan
(1)The Municipality may require a person who applies for land to be zoned or rezoned to this zone or for approval of a consent use, to submit a site development plan for approval by the Municipality.
(2)The Municipality:
(a)may require amendments to the site development plan to address reasonable concerns relating to access, parking, architectural form, urban design, landscaping, engineering services and other matters relevant to achieving the purposes and objects of the zone and of the Zoning Scheme, but
(b)may not unreasonably refuse a site development plan that is consistent with the development parameters of this zone, or conditions of a rezoning approval.
(3)The Municipality may require—
(a)that any development in this zone be fenced in a style that is in keeping with the architectural style of the development and may prohibit the use of any material they perceive to be undesirable to be used as fencing.
(b)adequate provision has been made outside any walls surrounding the additional group housing scheme for landscaping, either on the medium density housing site, in the road reserve, or on public open space in the vicinity of the medium density housing site;
(c)any boundary walls or fences situated between the additional group housing site and a public street, must be designed, and constructed to allow adequate visual contact between the additional medium density site and the public street, and
(d)a plan must be prepared which co-ordinates the provision of public amenities, including community facilities, public streets, open space and public transport requirements, to the satisfaction of the Municipality.
23.Homeowners' associationThe Municipality may require the developer of a medium density housing scheme:
(1)to establish a homeowners' association and for each erf to be part thereof, prior to the transfer of the subdivided portions, and
(2)to submit the constitution of such homeowners' association to the Municipality for approval.
24.Occupational practiceOccupational practice may be exercised in this zone provided that:
(1)the owner has obtained the permission of a relevant homeowners' association, and
(2)the Municipality may at any time impose conditions that may include or be more restrictive than the conditions stipulated in Part Four of this By-Law.

High Density Residential

25.DesignationThe High Density Residential Zone may be referred to by the code "HDR" and must be indicated on a zoning map in orange.
26.Purpose of the zoneThe purpose of this zone is to provide for high density residential development, such as flats.
27.Policy guidelinesNote that this zone has particular locational requirements, such as proximity to public transport, amenities, and socio-economic opportunities, as might be prescribed by the relevant strategic plans applicable to the site.
28.Land use within zone
(1)The following uses are allowed in this zone:
Primary uses Consent uses
FlatsGroup housingTown housingRetirement villageResidential buildingOccupational practice Business on the ground floorGuest accommodationInstitutional buildingHotelPlace of assemblyPlace of instructionDwelling houseDouble dwelling houseRooftop base stationRenewable energy structure
(2)Where premises for the rendering of personal services such as a beauty salon, are included in a hotel development, the floor area used for such purposes shall not exceed 10% of the total floor area of the hotel.
(3)The support structure or equipment room of a rooftop base station that is not part of the building, may not extend more than 2,5m above the top of the building.
29.Development parametersThe following development parameters shall apply to buildings in this zone:
Floor factor Maximum coverage Maximum height Street building line Lateral and rear building lines
2.5 50% 12m from highest point of the natural ground level immediately adjacent to the building provided that where the building is situated on a slope, it may at no point exceed 15m when measured from the natural ground level immediately adjacent to that point. 5,0m 4,5m or half the height of the building, whichever is more restrictive.
30.Open space
(1)Every block of flats, residential building or hotel in this zone shall have access to an outdoor living area on the land unit, which may include private or communal open space, but excludes roads, service yards and parking areas.
(2)A minimum outdoor living area of 15% of the net erf area shall be provided, and such outdoor living area must be of reasonable proportions and located to allow for leisure or recreational use by residents.
(3)The Municipality may consider a relaxation of the open space requirements, if, in its opinion, adequate open space in the form of public open space is accessible within reasonable proximity to the site.
(4)Where the Municipality concedes a relaxation of the open space requirements in terms of Sub-section (3) it may require a reasonable levy as contribution to the development and maintenance of public open spaces.
31.Minimum property sizeThe minimum property size for applications to rezone a property to this zone is 1000m2.
32.Site development planThe Municipality may require a site development plan to be submitted to its satisfaction, provided that:
(1)the Municipality may require amendments to the site development plan to address reasonable concerns relating to access, parking, architectural form, urban design, landscaping, engineering services or similar concerns, and
(2)the Municipality shall not unreasonably refuse a site development plan that is consistent with the development parameters of this zone, or conditions of a rezoning approval.
33.Homeowners' association
(1)The Municipality may require the developer of any site in this zone to establish a homeowners’ association, prior to the transfer of portions of such development.
(2)The constitution of such homeowners' association must be submitted to the satisfaction of the Municipality.
34.Group housing, town housing, retirement villageThe development parameters applicable to the Medium Density Residential Zone apply to town housing, group housing and retirement villages in this zone.
35.Institutional building, place of instruction, place of assemblyThe development parameters, including parking requirements that apply to an institutional building or place of instruction or place of assembly in the Civic and Social Zone shall apply in this zone. However, in cases where the institutional building, place of instruction or place of assembly is situated within a building that is also used for flats, then the coverage, height and building line requirements for the flats shall apply.
36.Occupational practiceOccupational practice may be exercised in this zone provided that:
(1)the owner has obtained the permission of a relevant homeowners' association, and
(2)the Municipality may at any time impose conditions that may include or be more restrictive than the conditions stipulated in Part Four of this By-Law.
37.BusinessThe Municipality may grant its consent for a business to be incorporated within the ground floor of a block of flats, provided that the gross leasable area of the business does not exceed 50m2, or 25% of the floor space of the ground floor, whichever is the lesser.

Business

38.DesignationThe Business Zone may be referred to by the code "B" and must be indicated on a zoning map in blue.
39.Purpose of the zoneThe purpose of the zone is to provide for the establishment of mixed uses in business nodes and along activity streets.
40.Land use within zone
(1)The following uses are allowed in this zone:
Primary uses Consent uses
Business premisesFlats (provided that flats may only be provided above ground floor along a street boundary)Public parkingPlace of entertainmentRestaurantHotelGymnasiumFuneral parlourRooftop base station WarehousePlace of worshipGuest accommodationResidential buildingService tradeBottle storeSupermarketGambling machinePornographic entertainment businessPlace of instructionPlace of assemblyTransmission towerRenewable energy structure
(2)Where a property in this zone has two street boundaries, flats may be provided on the ground floor facing onto one of the street boundaries and the Municipality will decide which of the two street boundaries may accommodate flats.
(3)Where premises for the rendering of personal services such as a beauty salon, are included in a hotel development, the floor area used for such purposes shall not exceed 10% of the total floor area of the hotel.
41.Development parameters
(1)The following development parameters apply to buildings in this zone:
Floor factor Coverage Height Street building line Lateral and rear building lines
5.0 100% 16m from highest point of the natural ground level immediately adjacent to the building, provided that where the building is situated on a slope it may at no point exceed 20m when measured from the natural ground level immediately adjacent to that point. 0m 0m, provided that no doors, windows, ventilations or other openings are inserted.Where a lateral or rear boundary of a property in this zone abuts a residential zone, the building line shall be 3m from the lateral or rear Boundary adjacent to the residential zone.
(2)The Municipality may waive the requirement of a 3,0m lateral building line where a business property abuts a residential property, in circumstances were such a residential property is situated within an area clearly earmarked for future business use in an approved spatial development framework.
42.Canopy or balcony projection
(1)The Municipality may require, and may permit, a canopy or balcony projection over the street boundary in accordance with the following conditions:
(a)the canopy shall not project nearer than 500mm to a vertical plane through the kerb line or proposed kerb line;
(b)no portion of a canopy projection shall be less than 3,0m above the pavement.
(2)The Municipality may lay down more restrictive requirements relating to the dimensions, design and materials of the canopy or balcony.
43.Building projection over the street boundaryNotwithstanding the street building line, the Municipality may permit a projection of the building over the street boundary subject to the following conditions:
(1)the projection may not exceed the width of the pavement within the road reserve or 3,0m, whichever is the lesser distance;
(2)the ground floor level of the projection shall be used exclusively as a public pedestrian way, with or without a colonnade;
(3)the projection shall provide at least 2,8m clearance above the level of the pavement;
(4)the floor space of the additional storey that may be erected over the ground floor level of the projection, shall not be included in the calculation of maximum floor space; and
(5)the owner must enter into an encroachment agreement with the Municipality.
44.Street cornersThe Municipality may require that the owner of a building, to be situated at a public street corner that the Municipality considers to be significant, shall incorporate in the building architectural features which focus visual interest on the corner, and which emphasize the importance of pedestrian movement around the corner. Such features may include building cut-offs, walk through covered arcades, plazas or other elements.
45.FacadesThe Municipality may stipulate requirements regarding the façades of buildings in this zone at ground floor level, with a view ensuring adequate visual and physical permeability, which is in its opinion required to create a vibrant streetscape.
46.ScreeningThe Municipality may require:
(1)that any part of the land unit which is used for the storage or loading of goods, be enclosed with a suitable brick wall, concrete wall or landscape screening;
(2)any external utility service or equipment which is required for a building, whether on the roof, side of the building or ground, shall be appropriately screened from view, and such enclosure of screening shall be integrated with the building in terms of materials, colour, shape and size and shall be to the Municipality’s satisfaction.
47.Site development planThe Municipality may require a site development plan to be submitted to its satisfaction, provided that:
(1)the Municipality shall not unreasonably refuse a site development plan that is consistent with the development parameters of this zone, or conditions of a rezoning approval;
(2)the Municipality may require amendments to the site development plan to address reasonable concerns relating to access, parking, architectural form, urban design, landscaping, engineering services or similar concerns.
48.Place of assembly, place of instruction, place of worshipThe development parameters, including access and parking requirements for the above uses that apply in the Civic and Social Zone, apply in this zone.
49.Visual impact assessmentWhen considering an application for any proposed development in this zone, the Municipality to may require a visual impact assessment of the proposed development to be submitted to its satisfaction.

Local Business

50.DesignationThe Local Business Zone may be referred to by the code "LB" and must be indicated on a zoning map in blue with black hatching.
51.Purpose of the zoneThe purpose of this zone is to provide for a mix of uses in local business nodes and along activity streets, as well as for convenience stores.
52.Land use within zone
(1)The following uses are allowed in this zone:
Primary uses Consent uses
Business premisesFlatsPublic parkingRestaurantRooftop base station Service tradePlace of assemblyPlace of entertainmentPlace of instructionPlace of worshipFuneral parlourGuest accommodationHotelResidential buildingBottle storeTransmission towerRenewable energy structure
(2)Where premises for the rendering of personal services such as a beauty salon, are included in a hotel development, the floor area used for such purposes shall not exceed 10% of the total floor area of the hotel.
53.Development parameters
(1)The following development parameters apply to buildings in this zone:
Floor factor Coverage Height Street building line Lateral and rear building lines
0.8 75% 8,0m from highest point of the natural ground level Immediately adjacent to the building, provided that where the building is situated on a slope, it may at no point exceed 12m when measured from the natural ground level immediately adjacent to that point. 0m 0m, provided that no doors, windows, ventilations or other openings are inserted.Where a lateral or rearboundary of a property in this zone abuts aresidential zone, the building line shall be 3,0m from the lateral or rear boundary.
(2)The Municipality may waive the requirement of a 3,0m lateral building line where a business property abuts a residential property, in circumstances were such a residential property is situated within an area clearly earmarked for future business use in an approved spatial development framework.
54.Canopy or balcony projection
(1)The Municipality may require, and may permit, a canopy or balcony projection over the street boundary in accordance with the following conditions:
(a)the canopy shall not project nearer than 500mm to a vertical plane through the kerb line or proposed kerb line;
(b)no portion of a canopy projection shall be less than 3,0m above the pavement.
(2)The Municipality may lay down more restrictive requirements relating to the dimensions, design and materials of the canopy or balcony.
55.Building projection over the street boundaryNotwithstanding the street building line, the Municipality may permit a projection of the building over the street boundary subject to the following conditions:
(1)the projection may not exceed the width of the pavement within the road reserve or 3,0m, whichever is the lesser distance;
(2)the ground floor level of the projection shall be used exclusively as a public pedestrian way, with or without a colonnade;
(3)the projection shall provide at least 2,8m clearance above the level of the pavement;
(4)the floor space of the additional storey that may be erected over the ground floor level of the projection, shall not be included in the calculation of maximum floor space, and
(5)the owner must enter into an encroachment agreement with the Municipality.
56.Street cornersThe Municipality may require that the owner of a building, to be situated at a public street corner that the Municipality considers to be significant, shall incorporate in the building architectural features which focus visual interest on the corner, and which emphasize the importance of pedestrian movement around the corner. Such features may include building cut-offs, walk through covered arcades, plazas or other elements.
57.FacadesThe Municipality may stipulate requirements regarding the façades of buildings in this zone at ground floor level, with a view to ensuring adequate visual and physical permeability, which is in its opinion required to create a vibrant streetscape.
58.ScreeningThe Municipality may require that:
(1)any part of the land unit which is used for the storage or loading of goods, shall be enclosed with a brick or concrete wall or suitable landscape screening;
(2)any external utility service or equipment which is required for a building, whether on the roof, side of the building or ground, shall be appropriately screened from view, and such enclosure of screening shall be integrated with the building in terms of materials, colour, shape and size and shall be to the Municipality's satisfaction.
59.Site development planThe Municipality may require a site development plan to be submitted to its satisfaction, provided that:
(1)the Municipality shall not unreasonably refuse a site development plan that is consistent with the development parameters of this zone, or conditions of a rezoning approval, and
(2)the Municipality may require amendments to the site development plan to address reasonable concerns relating to access, parking, architectural form, urban design, landscaping, engineering services or similar concerns.
60.Place of assembly, place of instruction, place of worshipThe development parameters, including access and parking requirements for the above uses that apply in the Civic and Social Zone, apply in this zone.

Service Business

61.DesignationThe Service Business Zone may be referred to by the code "SB" and must be indicated on a zoning map in blue-purple.
62.Purpose of zoneThe purpose of this zone is to allow for the transitional area between business and industrial uses, and in particular for service trade, motor repair garages, and low impact, small-scale industry and manufacturing, factory shops and warehousing.
63.Land use within zoneThe following uses are allowed in this zone:
Primary uses Consent uses
Light industryService tradeMotor repair garageBusiness premisesWarehousePublic ParkingPlace of entertainmentRestaurantGymnasiumRooftop base station Place of worshipPlace of InstructionScrapyard and salvage buildingsFlats (above ground floor)Transport usagePornographic entertainment businessTransmission towerRenewable energy structure
64.Development parametersThe following development parameters apply to buildings in this zone:
Floor factor Coverage Maximum height Street building line Lateral and rear building lines
1.5 75% 8,0m 5,0m See below
65.Lateral building lines
(1)Where an external wall is constructed of a material which has one hour fire resistance, where there are no openings in such external walls, and the land unit abuts another service business or industry zone, a 0m lateral building line is permitted, provided there is at least a 1,0m lateral building line on the other lateral boundary.
(2)Where the land unit abuts a zone that is not a service business or industry zone, or no fire wall as contemplated above is provided, a 3,0m lateral building line shall apply.
66.Rear building lines
(1)No building shall be erected closer than 3,0m to the rear boundary.
(2)In cases where a building extends to both side boundaries, and there is no other means of obtaining access to the rear of the property, other than through the building, at least one opening in the external wall of the building shall be provided to the rear boundary, and such opening shall be protected by automatic fire shutters to the satisfaction of the Municipality.
67.Boundary wallsWhere a land unit has a common boundary with another land unit that is not zoned for service business purposes, the Municipality may require a wall to be erected, to a maximum of 3m along the boundary, to its satisfaction.
68.ScreeningThe Municipality may require any part of the land unit that is used for storage or the loading of goods, to be enclosed with a brick or concrete screen wall to its satisfaction.
69.Risk management and prevention planNo activity that includes storage of on-site hazardous substances shall be permitted unless a risk management and prevention plan has been approved by the Municipality.
70.Site development planThe Municipality may require a site development plan to be submitted to its satisfaction, provided that:
(1)the Municipality shall not unreasonably refuse a site development plan that is consistent with the development parameters of this zone, or conditions of a rezoning approval; and
(2)the Municipality may require amendments to the site development plan to address reasonable concerns relating to access, parking, architectural form, urban design, engineering services or similar concerns.
71.Place of worship, place of instructionThe development parameters, including access and parking requirements, for the above uses that apply in the Civic and Social Zone, apply in this zone.

Service Station

72.DesignationThe Service Station Zone may be referred to by the code "SS" and must be indicated on a zoning map in blue-purple with grey hatching.
73.Purpose of the zoneThe purpose of this zone is to provide opportunities for petrol filling stations, service stations, motor repair garages and associated facilities. These have specific vehicle access requirements and potential negative impacts on the adjoining area.
74.Land use within zoneThe following uses are allowed in this zone:
Primary uses Consent uses
Service stationRooftop base station RestaurantMotor repair garageShopTransmission towerRenewable energy structure
75.Development ParametersThe following development parameters apply to buildings in this zone:
Floor factor Coverage Maximum height Street building line Lateral and rear building lines
1.0 75% 8,0m 3,0m 0m, provided that no doors, windows, ventilations or other openings are inserted. Where a lateral or rear boundary of a property in this zone abuts a residential zone, the building line shall be 3,0m from the lateral or rear boundary.
76.Site access requirements
(1)The total width of vehicle carriageway crossings shall, where they cross the street boundary, not exceed 10m.
(2)A wall, at least 100mm thick and 200mm high, shall be erected on the street boundary between different carriageway crossings. The wall shall continue along such boundary unless the property is otherwise enclosed.
(3)The vehicle carriageway crossings shall be limited to two per site, unless the total length of a street boundary exceeds 30m, in which case one additional carriageway crossing may be permitted.
(4)At the point where it crosses the street boundary, a vehicle carriageway crossing shall not be closer than:
77.ScreeningAny part of the property of a service station which is used for the repair of motor vehicles or the storage of inoperable motor vehicles or parts of motor vehicles, empty containers such as oil drums and packing cases, or any other scrap whatsoever, shall be enclosed with a brick or concrete screen wall, to the satisfaction of the Municipality, at least 2,1m high, or contained in a building.

Industry

78.DesignationThe Industry Zone may be referred to by the code "I" and must be indicated on a zoning map in red-purple.
79.Purpose of the zoneThe purpose of this zone is to provide for all forms of industry, except noxious industry. Additional uses are allowed to support such industry, as well as uses that could reasonably be accommodated in such a zone, because they take place outside of normal business hours.
80.Land use within zone
(1)The following uses are allowed in this zone:
Primary uses Consent uses
IndustryLight industry