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Swartland
South Africa

Municipal Land Use Planning By-law, 2020

  • Published in Western Cape Provincial Gazette no. 8226 on 25 March 2020
  • Commenced on 25 March 2020
  • [This is the version of this document from 25 March 2020 and includes any amendments published up to 17 June 2022.]
To regulate and control municipal land use planning.

Chapter I
Interpretation and application

1. Definitions

In this by-law, unless the context indicates otherwise, any word or expression to which a meaning has been assigned in the Western Cape Land Use Planning Act, 2014 (Act 3 of 2014), has the meaning assigned to it in that Act and—"adopt", in relation to a spatial development framework, Development Management Scheme, policy or strategy, means the approval thereof by a competent authority;"agent" means a person authorised in terms of a power of attorney to make an application on behalf of the owner;"appeal authority" means the appeal authority contemplated in section 89(1);"applicable period", referred to in sections 27(5) and (6), 28(2), 29(5), 32(1) and 42(1), means the period that may be determined by the municipality in the approval subject to section 43(2)(b) of the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act or the period referred to in section 43(2)(a) of the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act;"applicant" means a person referred to in section 25(2) who makes an application to the municipality as contemplated in that section;"application" means an application to the municipality referred to in section 25(2);"authorised employee" means a municipal employee who is authorised in terms of delegated or sub-delegated authority by the municipality to exercise a power or perform a duty in terms of this By-Law or to inspect land and buildings in order to enforce compliance with this By-Law or the Development Management Scheme;"base zoning" means the zoning before the application of any overlay zone;"commencement", in relation to construction, means to have begun continuous physical, on-site construction in accordance with building plans approved in terms of the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act, 1977 (Act 103 of 1977), and that has gone beyond site clearing, excavation or digging trenches in preparation for foundations;"comments", in relation to comments submitted by the public, municipal departments and other organs of state and service providers on an application or appeal, includes objections, representations and petitions;"consolidation" in relation to land, means the merging of two or more adjacent land units into a single land unit, and includes the physical preparation of land for consolidation;"Council" means the municipal council of Swartland Municipality;"date of notification" means the date on which a notice is served as contemplated in section 45 or published in the media or Provincial Gazette;"development charge" means a development charge contemplated in section 93 as levied by the municipality;"Director" means the Director responsible for Land Use Planning in the municipality;"emergency" includes a situation that arises from a flood, strong wind, severe rainstorm, fire, earthquake or industrial accident and that requires the relocation of human settlements or people;"external engineering service" means an engineering service outside the boundaries of a land area referred to in an application and that is necessary for the utilisation and development of the land;"Land Use Planning Act" means the Western Cape Land Use Planning Act, 2014 (Act 3 of 2014);"local spatial development framework" means a local spatial development framework contemplated in section 9;"municipal manager" means a person appointed in terms of section 54A of the Local Government: Municipal System Act, 2000 (Act 32 of 2000);"municipal spatial development framework" means a municipal spatial development framework adopted by the municipality in terms of Chapter 5 of the Municipal Systems Act;"municipality" means the municipality of Swartland established in terms of section 12 of the Local Government: Municipal Structures Act, 1998 (Act 117 of 1998), includes—
(a)the Council;
(b)another political structure or a political office bearer of the municipality, authorised or delegated to perform a function or exercise a power in terms of this By-Law;
(c)the Tribunal authorised or delegated to perform a function or exercise a power in terms of this By-Law;
(d)the municipal manager; and
(e)an authorised employee.
"non-conforming use" means an existing land use that was lawful in terms of a previous zoning scheme but that does not comply with the Development Management Scheme in force;"overlay zone" means a category of zoning that applies to land or a land unit in addition to the base zoning and that—
(a)stipulates additional development parameters or use rights that may be more or less restrictive than the base zoning; and
(b)may include provisions and development parameters relating to—
(i)primary or consent uses;
(ii)subdivision or subdivisional areas;
(iii)development incentives;
(iv)density limitations;
(v)urban form or urban renewal;
(vi)heritage or environmental protection;
(vii)management of the urban edge;
(viii)scenic drives ;
(ix)coastal setbacks; or
(x)any other purpose as set out in the Development Management Scheme;
"owners’ association" means an owners’ association contemplated in section 39;"pre-application consultation" means a consultation contemplated in section 47;"restrictive condition" means any condition registered against the title deed of land restricting the use, development or subdivision of the land concerned:"service" means a service provided by the municipality, any other organ of state or a service provider, including services for the provision of water, sewerage, electricity, refuse removal, roads, storm-water drainage, and includes infrastructure, systems and processes related to the service;"site development plan" means a dimensioned plan drawn to scale that indicates details of the proposed land development, including the site layout, positioning of buildings and structures, property access, building designs and landscaping;"social infrastructure" means community facilities, services and networks that meet social needs and enhance community well-being;"Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act" means the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act, 2013 (Act 16 of 2013);"Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Regulations" means the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Regulations: Land Use Management and General Matters, 2015 made under the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act published under Notice R239/2015 in Government Gazette 38594 of 23 March 2015;"subdivisional area" means an overlay zone that permits subdivision for the purposes of a subdivision application involving a change of zoning;"Tribunal" means the Municipal Planning Tribunal established in terms of section 80;"use right" regarding land, the right to use the land according to the zoning thereof including any lawful departure or consent use previously granted in terms of applicable land use legislation;"zoning" includes base zoning and overlay zoning;"Zoning scheme" means the Development Management Scheme referred to in Schedule 2;

2. Application of by-law

This by-law applies to all land situated within the municipal area, including land owned by organs of state.

Chapter II
Spatial planning

3. Compilation or amendment of municipal spatial development framework

(1)When the Council compiles or amends its municipal spatial development framework in accordance with the Municipal Systems Act, the Council must, as contemplated in section 11 of the Land Use Planning Act
(a)establish an intergovernmental steering committee to compile a draft municipal spatial development framework or draft amendment of the municipal spatial development framework; or
(b)refer its draft municipal spatial development framework or draft amendment of its municipal spatial development framework to the Provincial Minister for comment.
(2)The municipality must—
(a)publish a notice in two of the official languages of the Province most spoken in the area in two newspapers circulating in the area concerned of—
(i)the intention to compile or amend the municipal spatial development framework; and
(ii)the process to be followed, in accordance with section 28 (3) and 29 of the Municipal Systems Act;
(b)inform the Provincial Minister in writing of—
(i)the intention to compile or amend the municipal spatial development framework;
(ii)its decision in terms of subsection (1)(a) or (b); and
(iii)the process contemplated in subsection (2)(a)(ii); and
(c)register relevant stakeholders, who must be invited to comment on the draft municipal spatial development framework or draft amendment of the municipal spatial development framework as part of the process contemplated in subsection (2)(a)(ii).

4. Establishment of project committee

(1)The municipality may establish a project committee to assist to compile or amend its municipal spatial development framework and to perform the duties of the municipality referred to in sections 6 to 8.
(2)The project committee must consist of—
(a)the municipal manager or a municipal employee designated by the municipal manager; and
(b)municipal employees appointed by the municipal manager from the following municipal departments where relevant:
(i)the integrated development planning office;
(ii)the spatial planning department;
(iii)the engineering department;
(iv)the local economic development department; and
(v)the housing department.

5. Establishment of intergovernmental steering committee

(1)If the Council establishes an intergovernmental steering committee, it must consist of—
(a)the municipal manager, or a designated municipal employee to represent the municipal manager; and
(b)representatives of—
(i)the municipality, nominated by the municipal manager;
(ii)the Department, nominated by the Head of Department;
(iii)the provincial department responsible for environmental affairs, nominated by the head of that department; and
(iv)other relevant organs of state, if any, who may have an interest in the compilation or amendment of the spatial development framework of the municipality.
(2)When the Council establishes an intergovernmental steering committee the municipal manager must—
(a)designate a municipal employee to represent him or her;
(b)nominate other representatives of the municipality; and
(c)in writing, invite written nominations for representatives from the persons or organs of state contemplated in subsection (1)(b)(ii), (iii), and (iv).

6. Procedure with intergovernmental steering committee

(1)If the Council establishes an intergovernmental steering committee, the Director must compile a draft status quo report setting out an assessment of the existing levels of development and development challenges in the municipal area or relevant area in the municipal area and must submit it to the intergovernmental steering committee for comment.
(2)After consideration of the comments of the intergovernmental steering committee, the Director must finalise the status quo report and submit it to the Council for adoption.
(3)After finalising the status quo report the Director must compile a first draft of the municipal spatial development framework or first draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework and submit it to the intergovernmental steering committee for comment.
(4)After consideration of the comments of the intergovernmental steering committee, the Director must finalise the first draft of the municipal spatial development framework or first draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework and submit it to the Council to approve the publication thereof for public comment in accordance with the process adopted in terms of sections 28(3) and 29 of the Municipal Systems Act.
(5)After consideration of the comments and representations received by virtue of the publication contemplated in subsection (4), the Director must compile a final draft of the municipal spatial development framework or final draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework and submit it to the intergovernmental steering committee for comment.
(6)After consideration of the comments of the intergovernmental steering committee contemplated in subsection (5), the Director must finalise the final draft of the municipal spatial development framework or final draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework and submit it to the Council for adoption.
(7)If the final draft of the municipal spatial development framework or final draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework contemplated in subsection (6) is materially different to what was published in terms of subsection (4), the municipality must in accordance with subsections (4), (5) and (6) read with the necessary changes, follow a further consultation and public participation process before the municipal spatial development framework or amendment of the municipal spatial development framework is adopted by the Council.
(8)The Council or the project committee may at any time in the process of compiling a municipal spatial development framework or drafting an amendment of the spatial development framework request comments from the intergovernmental steering committee.
(9)The Council must adopt the final draft municipal spatial development framework or final draft amendment of the municipal spatial development framework, with or without amendments and must within 14 days of its decision give notice of its decision in the media and the Provincial Gazette.

7. Procedure without intergovernmental steering committee

(1)If the Council does not establish an intergovernmental steering committee to compile or amend its municipal spatial development framework, the Director must—
(a)compile a draft status quo report setting out an assessment of the existing levels of development and development challenges in the municipal area or relevant area in the municipal area and submit it to the Council for adoption;
(b)after adoption of the status quo report, compile a first draft of the municipal spatial development framework or first draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework and submit it to the Council to approve the publication thereof for public comment;
(c)after approval of the first draft of the municipal spatial development framework or first draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework for publication contemplated in paragraph (b), submit the first draft of the municipal spatial development framework or first draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework to the Provincial Minister for comment in terms of section 13 of the Land Use Planning Act; and
(d)after consideration of the comments received from the public and the Provincial Minister, submit the final draft of the municipal spatial development framework or final draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework, with any further amendments, to the Council for adoption.
(2)If the final draft of the municipal spatial development framework or final draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework contemplated in subsection (1)(d) is materially different to what was published in terms of subsection (1)(b), the municipality must follow a further consultation and public participation process before the municipal spatial development framework or amendment of the municipal spatial development framework is adopted by the Council.
(3)The Council must adopt the final draft of the municipal spatial development framework or final draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework, with or without amendments, and must within 14 days of its decision give notice of its decision in the media and the Provincial Gazette.

8. Functions and duties

(1)The Director must, in accordance with the directions of municipal manager
(a)ensure the compilation of the municipal spatial development framework or drafting of an amendment of the municipal spatial development framework for adoption by the Council;
(b)provide technical knowledge and expertise to the Council;
(c)ensure that the compilation of the municipal spatial development framework or drafting of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework is progressing according to the process contemplated in section 3(2)(a)(ii);
(d)guide the public participation process and ensure that the registered stakeholders remain informed;
(e)ensure the incorporation of amendments to the draft municipal spatial development framework or draft amendment of the municipal spatial development framework based on the consideration of the comments received during the process of drafting thereof;
(f)ensure the drafting of—
(i)a report in terms of section 14(c) of the Land Use Planning Act setting out the response of the municipality to the provincial comments issued in terms of section 12(4) or 13(2) of that Act; and
(ii)a statement setting out—
(aa)whether the municipality has implemented the policies and objectives issued by the national minister responsible for spatial planning and land use management and if so, how and to what extent the municipality has implemented it; or
(bb)if the municipality has not implemented the policies and objectives, the reasons for not implementing it.
(g)ensure alignment of the municipal spatial development framework with the development plans and strategies of other affected municipalities and other organs of state as contemplated in section 24(1) of the Municipal Systems Act;
(h)facilitate the integration of other sector plans into the municipal spatial development framework; and
(i)if the Council establishes an intergovernmental steering committee—
(i)assist the Council in establishing the intergovernmental steering committee and adhering to timeframes; and
(ii)ensure the flow of information between the project committee and the intergovernmental steering committee.
(2)The members of the intergovernmental steering committee must—
(a)provide the intergovernmental steering committee with the following:
(i)technical knowledge and expertise;
(ii)input on outstanding information that is required to compile the municipal spatial development framework or draft an amendment thereof;
(iii)information on budgetary allocations;
(iv)information on and the locality of any current or planned projects that have an impact on the municipal area; and
(v)written comments in terms of section 6; and
(b)provide the Director with written comments in terms of section 6.

9. Local spatial development frameworks

(1)The municipality may adopt a local spatial development framework for a specific geographical area in a part of the municipal area.
(2)The purpose of a local spatial development framework is to, for a specific geographical area—
(a)provide detailed spatial planning guidelines;
(b)provide more detail in respect of a proposal provided for in the municipal spatial development framework;
(c)meet specific land use planning needs;
(d)provide detailed policy and recommended development parameters for land use planning;
(e)provide detailed priorities in relation to land use planning and, in so far as they are linked to land use planning, biodiversity and environmental issues; and
(f)guide decision-making on land use applications.

10. Compilation, adoption, amendment or review of local spatial development frameworks

(1)If the municipality compiles, amends or reviews a local spatial development framework, it must adopt a process plan, including the public participation processes to be followed for the compilation, amendment, review or adoption of a local spatial development framework.
(2)The municipality must, within 21 days of adopting a local spatial development framework or an amendment of a local spatial development framework, publish a notice of the decision in the media and the Provincial Gazette.

11. Status of local spatial development frameworks

(1)A local spatial development framework or an amendment thereof comes into operation on the date of publication of the notice contemplated in section 10(2).
(2)A local spatial development framework guides and informs decisions made by the municipality relating to land development, but it does not confer or take away rights.

12. Structure plans

(1)If the municipality intends to convert a structure plan to a local spatial development framework, the municipality must comply with sections 9 to 11 and must—
(a)review that structure plan and make it consistent with the purpose of a local spatial development framework contemplated in section 9(2); and
(b)incorporate the provisions of the structure plan that are consistent with that purpose in the local spatial development framework.
(2)The municipality must, in terms of section 16(4) of the Land Use Planning Act, withdraw the relevant structure plan by notice in the Provincial Gazette when it adopts a local spatial development framework contemplated in subsection (1).

Chapter III
Development management scheme, use zones, land uses and zonings

13. Application of scheme

The development management scheme applies to the entire Swartland municipal area and forms an integral part of this By-Law.

14. Purpose of scheme

The purpose of the development management scheme includes—
(a)giving effect to the municipal spatial development framework;
(b)making provision for orderly development and the welfare of the community; and
(c)the regulation of use rights and control of the use of land;
(d)the facilitation of the implementation of policies and principles set out in relevant spatial development frameworks and binding policies and principles set out in and in terms of national and provincial legislation;
(e)facilitation of efficient, economic and sustainable use of land;
(f)protection of areas with an environment which could be substantially adversely affected by development;
(g)other purposes prescribed by national or provincial legislation; and
(h)determination of use rights and development parameters, with due consideration of the principles referred to in Chapter VI of the Land Use Planning Act.

15. Components of the scheme

The development management scheme consists of the following components:
(a)this By-Law;
(b)the zoning map; and
(c)the register.

16. Use zones

(1)The municipal area is divided in the use zones referred to in column 1 of Table A set out in Schedule 2.
(2)The purpose of each use zone is set out in column 1 of Table A.
(3)The description of the primary and consent uses applicable to each use zone is set out in Table B.
(4)The location, boundaries and extent of each use zone is depicted on the zoning map.
(5)The primary and consent uses applicable to each use zone are subject to the development parameters specified for that use zone as set out in Schedule 2.

17. Zoning map

(1)The zoning map depicts—
(a)the zoning of land in accordance with the use zone in which the land is located; and
(b)overlay zones, if applicable to the land.
(2)The municipality must update the Development Management Scheme map within a reasonable time after use rights have been granted or have lapsed.
(3)The municipality may keep the zoning map in an electronic format.
(4)The municipality may provide an extract of the zoning map to members of the public on payment of a fee determined by the municipality in terms of the municipality’s tariff policy.

18. Preparation and approval of new zoning map

(1)The municipality must give notice of a draft zoning map.
(2)The notice must be published in newspapers with general circulation in the area concerned in at least two of the official languages of the Province most widely spoken in the municipal area and must—
(a)invite persons interested in, or affected by, the draft zoning map to submit written comments within a period of not less than 30 days from the date on which the notice was given;
(b)state the name and contact details of the person to whom the comments must be addressed and where the draft zoning map can be obtained; and
(c)state that any person who is unable to write may, during the municipality’s office hours, attend at any address stated in the notice where a named staff member of the municipality will assist that person to transcribe that person’s comments.
(3)A zoning map may be approved by the municipality with or without amendments.
(4)A zoning map takes effect when notice of its approval is published in the Provincial Gazette or on a future date as may be determined in the notice.
(5)Subsequent amendments to the map to reflect additional use rights granted or use rights that have lapsed are not published in the Provincial Gazette.

19. Rectification of errors on the zoning map

(1)If the zoning of a land unit is incorrectly indicated on the zoning map or wrongly converted from a zoning map of a former zoning scheme, the owner of an affected land unit may apply to the municipality to correct the error.
(2)An owner contemplated in subsection (1) must apply to the municipality in the form determined by the municipality and must—
(a)submit written proof of the lawful land use rights; and
(b)indicate the suitable zoning which should be allocated.
(3)The onus of proving that the zoning is incorrectly indicated on the zoning map is on the owner.
(4)The owner is exempted from paying application fees and from liability for the costs of public participation.
(5)If the municipality approves the application, the municipality must amend the zoning map.
(6)The municipality may refuse an application to correct the zoning map if the owner fails to submit written proof of the lawful use rights.
(7)The municipality may correct a zoning map if it finds an error on the map after—
(a)notifying the owner in writing of its intention to correct the wrong conversion or error;
(b)inviting the owner to make representations within a specified period in respect of the proposed correction of the errors on the zoning map; and
(c)considering any representations received from the owner.
(8)If the municipality corrects the zoning map, it may only amend the map to show the correct zoning of the property.

20. Development management register

The municipality
(a)must record all departures, consent uses or other permissions granted and non-conforming uses in the register;
(b)may keep the register from the date of commencement of the Development Management Scheme in an electronic format; and
(c)must make the register available to members of the public for viewing.

21. Status of the zoning map and exemption of the municipality from liability for an error

(1)The zoning map is the municipality’s record of the zoning of each land unit.
(2)A zoning recorded in the zoning map is presumed to be the correct zoning unless proved otherwise.
(3)A use right ceases to exist on the day it lapses in terms of this By-Law or a previous zoning scheme even if the zoning map still records the use right as existing.
(4)The municipality is exempt from liability for any damage which may be caused by—
(a)an error in the zoning map; or
(b)an erroneous representation by the municipality about a use right or the zoning of a land unit.

22. Zoning versus ownership

(1)Notations on the zoning map are intended to indicate zonings and not land ownership.
(2)Land of which the ownership vests in a public authority may only be included in the authority zone if it is utilised for a purpose for which no other zone set out in Schedule 2 is appropriate.
(3)If any other zone in Schedule 2 is appropriate, the land must be zoned for that purpose, whether or not it is owned by a public authority.

Chapter IV
Development management

23. Determination of zoning

(1)The owner or his or her agent may apply in terms of section 25(2) to the municipality for the determination of a zoning for land referred to in section 34(1), (2) or (3) of the Land Use Planning Act.
(2)When the municipality considers an application in terms of subsection (1), it must have regard to the following:
(a)the lawful utilisation of the land, or the purpose for which it could be lawfully utilised immediately before the commencement of the Land Use Planning Act if it can be determined;
(b)the zoning, if any, that is most compatible with that utilisation or purpose and any applicable title deed condition;
(c)any departure or consent use that may be required in conjunction with that zoning;
(d)in the case of land that was vacant immediately before the commencement of the Land Use Planning Act, the utilisation that is permitted in terms of the title deed conditions or, where more than one land use is so permitted, one of such land uses determined by the municipality; and
(e)where the lawful utilisation of the land and the purpose for which it could be lawfully utilised immediately before the commencement of the Land Use Planning Act cannot be determined, the zoning that is the most desirable and compatible with any applicable title deed condition, together with any departure or consent use that may be required.
(3)If subsection (2)(e) is applicable, the municipality must rezone the land concerned in terms of section 25(2)(a).
(4)A land use that commenced unlawfully, whether before or after the commencement of this By-Law, may not be considered to be lawful.

24. Non-conforming uses

(1)A non-conforming use does not constitute an offence in terms of this By-Law.
(2)A non-conforming use may continue if it remains otherwise lawful, subject to the following:
(a)if the non-conforming use is ceased for any reason for a period of more than twenty-four consecutive months, any subsequent utilisation of the property must comply with this By-Law and the Development Management Scheme, with or without departures;
(b)an appropriate application contemplated in section 25(2) must be made for the alteration or extension of buildings or structures in respect of the non-conforming use;
(c)the owner bears the onus of proving that the non-conforming use right exists; and
(d)the use right is limited to the area of the building or land in respect of which the proven use right exists.
(3)Subject to subsection (2)(a) and (b), if an existing building that constitutes a non-conforming use is destroyed or damaged to the extent that it is necessary to demolish a substantial part of the building, the municipality may grant permission for the reconstruction of such building subject to conditions.

25. Land development requiring approval and other approvals

(1)No person may commence, continue, or cause the commencement or continuation of, land development, other than the subdivision or consolidation of land referred to in section 34, without the approval of the municipality in terms of subsection (2).
(2)The owner or his or her agent may apply to the municipality in terms of this Chapter for the following in relation to the development of the land concerned:
(a)a rezoning of land;
(b)a permanent departure from the development parameters of the Development Management Scheme;
(c)a departure granted on a temporary basis to utilise land for a purpose not permitted in terms of the primary rights of the zoning applicable to the land;
(d)a subdivision of land that is not exempted in terms of section 34, including the registration of a servitude or lease agreement;
(e)a consolidation of land that is not exempted in terms of section 34;
(f)a removal, suspension or amendment of restrictive conditions in respect of a land unit;
(g)a permission required in terms of the Development Management Scheme;
(h)an amendment, deletion or imposition of conditions in respect of an existing approval;
(i)an extension of the validity period of an approval;
(j)an approval of an overlay zone as contemplated in the Development Management Scheme;
(k)an amendment or cancellation of an approved subdivision plan or part thereof, including a general plan or diagram ;
(l)a permission required in terms of a condition of approval;
(m)a determination of a zoning;
(n)a closure of a public place or part thereof;
(o)a consent use contemplated in the Development Management Scheme;
(p)to disestablish an owner’s association;
(q)to rectify a failure by a home owner’s association to meet its obligations in respect of the control over or maintenance of services;
(r)a permission required for the reconstruction of an existing building that constitutes a non-conforming use that is destroyed or damaged to the extent that it is necessary to demolish a substantial part of the building.
(3)If section 53 of the Land Use Planning Act is applicable to the land development, the owner or agent must also apply for approval of the land development in terms of that Act.
(4)When an applicant or owner exercises a use right granted in terms of an approval, he or she must comply with the conditions of the approval and the applicable provisions of the Development Management Scheme.
(5)The municipality may, subject to subsection (7), on its own initiative rezone land of which it is not the owner for a purpose contemplated in sections 23(3) and 27(1)
(6)The municipality may, subject to subsection (7), on its own initiative conduct land development or an activity contemplated in subsections (2)(b),(c),(f) to (j) and (l) to (r), in respect of land which is not owned by the municipality.
(7)When the municipality acts in terms of subsection (2), (5) or (6)
(a)the municipality is regarded for purposes of this Chapter and Chapter IV - As an applicant and must comply with this chapter and Chapter IV, including the publication and notice requirements; and
(b)the decision must be made by the authorised official or the Tribunal in terms of this Chapter and Chapter VI.

26. Continuation of application after change of ownership

If land that is the subject of an application is transferred to a new owner, the new owner may continue with the application as the successor in title to the previous owner and the new owner is regarded as the applicant for the purposes of this By-law.

27. Rezoning of land

(1)The municipality may, on its own initiative, rezone land of which it is not the owner to—
(a)provide a public service or to provide a public recreational space; or
(b)substitute a zoning scheme or part thereof for a Development Management Scheme in terms of which the land is not zoned in accordance with the utilisation thereof or existing use rights.
(2)An applicant, who wishes land to be rezoned, must apply to the municipality in terms of section 25(2).
(3)When the municipality creates an overlay zone for land it must comply with sections 12 and 13 of the Municipal Systems Act.
(4)Zoning may be made applicable to a land unit or part thereof and zoning need not follow cadastral boundaries.
(5)Subject to subsection (6), a rezoning approval contemplated in subsection (2) lapses after the applicable period calculated from the date that the approval comes into operation if, within that period—
(a)the zoning is not utilised in accordance with the approval; or
(b)the following requirements have not been met:
(i)the approval by the municipality of a building plan envisaged for the utilisation of the approved use right; and
(ii)commencement of the construction of the building contemplated in subparagraph (i).
(6)An approval of a rezoning to subdivisional area contemplated in subsection 30(2) lapses after the applicable period calculated from the date that the approval comes into operation if, within that period—
(a)a subdivision application is not submitted; or
(b)the conditions of approval are not complied with.
(7)If a subdivision application is submitted in respect of land that is zoned as subdivisional area, the zoning of subdivisional area lapses on the later date of the following dates:
(a)the date on which the subdivision is approved; or
(b)the date after the applicable period contemplated in subsection (6) including any extended period approved in terms of section 77.
(8)The approval of a rezoning to subdivisional area must include conditions that make provision for at least—
(a)density requirements;
(b)main land uses and the extent thereof; and
(c)a detailed phasing plan or a framework including—
(i)main transport routes;
(ii)main land uses;
(iii)bulk infrastructure;
(iv)requirements of organs of state;
(v)public open space requirements; and
(vi)physical development constraints.
(9)If a rezoning approval lapses, the zoning applicable to the land before the approval of the rezoning applies or, where no zoning existed before the approval of the rezoning, the municipality must determine a zoning in terms of section 23.

28. Departures

(1)An applicant may apply to the municipality in terms of section 25(2)
(a)for a departure from the development parameters of a zoning or an overlay zone; or