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Swartland
South Africa

Municipal Land Use Planning By-law, 2020

To regulate and control municipal land use planning.

Chapter I
Interpretation and application

1. Definitions

In this by-law, unless the context indicates otherwise, any word or expression to which a meaning has been assigned in the Western Cape Land Use Planning Act, 2014 (Act 3 of 2014), has the meaning assigned to it in that Act and—"adopt", in relation to a spatial development framework, Development Management Scheme, policy or strategy, means the approval thereof by a competent authority;"agent" means a person authorised in terms of a power of attorney to make an application on behalf of the owner;"appeal authority" means the appeal authority contemplated in section 89(1);"applicable period", referred to in sections 27(5) and (6), 28(2), 29(5), 32(1) and 42(1), means the period that may be determined by the municipality in the approval subject to section 43(2)(b) of the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act or the period referred to in section 43(2)(a) of the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act;"applicant" means a person referred to in section 25(2) who makes an application to the municipality as contemplated in that section;"application" means an application to the municipality referred to in section 25(2);"authorised employee" means a municipal employee who is authorised in terms of delegated or sub-delegated authority by the municipality to exercise a power or perform a duty in terms of this By-Law or to inspect land and buildings in order to enforce compliance with this By-Law or the Development Management Scheme;"base zoning" means the zoning before the application of any overlay zone;"commencement", in relation to construction, means to have begun continuous physical, on-site construction in accordance with building plans approved in terms of the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act, 1977 (Act 103 of 1977), and that has gone beyond site clearing, excavation or digging trenches in preparation for foundations;"comments", in relation to comments submitted by the public, municipal departments and other organs of state and service providers on an application or appeal, includes objections, representations and petitions;"consolidation" in relation to land, means the merging of two or more adjacent land units into a single land unit, and includes the physical preparation of land for consolidation;"Council" means the municipal council of Swartland Municipality;"date of notification" means the date on which a notice is served as contemplated in section 45 or published in the media or Provincial Gazette;"development charge" means a development charge contemplated in section 93 as levied by the municipality;"Director" means the Director responsible for Land Use Planning in the municipality;"emergency" includes a situation that arises from a flood, strong wind, severe rainstorm, fire, earthquake or industrial accident and that requires the relocation of human settlements or people;"external engineering service" means an engineering service outside the boundaries of a land area referred to in an application and that is necessary for the utilisation and development of the land;"Land Use Planning Act" means the Western Cape Land Use Planning Act, 2014 (Act 3 of 2014);"local spatial development framework" means a local spatial development framework contemplated in section 9;"municipal manager" means a person appointed in terms of section 54A of the Local Government: Municipal System Act, 2000 (Act 32 of 2000);"municipal spatial development framework" means a municipal spatial development framework adopted by the municipality in terms of Chapter 5 of the Municipal Systems Act;"municipality" means the municipality of Swartland established in terms of section 12 of the Local Government: Municipal Structures Act, 1998 (Act 117 of 1998), includes—(a)the Council;(b)another political structure or a political office bearer of the municipality, authorised or delegated to perform a function or exercise a power in terms of this By-Law;(c)the Tribunal authorised or delegated to perform a function or exercise a power in terms of this By-Law;(d)the municipal manager; and(e)an authorised employee."non-conforming use" means an existing land use that was lawful in terms of a previous zoning scheme but that does not comply with the Development Management Scheme in force;"overlay zone" means a category of zoning that applies to land or a land unit in addition to the base zoning and that—(a)stipulates additional development parameters or use rights that may be more or less restrictive than the base zoning; and(b)may include provisions and development parameters relating to—(i)primary or consent uses;(ii)subdivision or subdivisional areas;(iii)development incentives;(iv)density limitations;(v)urban form or urban renewal;(vi)heritage or environmental protection;(vii)management of the urban edge;(viii)scenic drives ;(ix)coastal setbacks; or(x)any other purpose as set out in the Development Management Scheme;"owners’ association" means an owners’ association contemplated in section 39;"pre-application consultation" means a consultation contemplated in section 47;"restrictive condition" means any condition registered against the title deed of land restricting the use, development or subdivision of the land concerned:"service" means a service provided by the municipality, any other organ of state or a service provider, including services for the provision of water, sewerage, electricity, refuse removal, roads, storm-water drainage, and includes infrastructure, systems and processes related to the service;"site development plan" means a dimensioned plan drawn to scale that indicates details of the proposed land development, including the site layout, positioning of buildings and structures, property access, building designs and landscaping;"social infrastructure" means community facilities, services and networks that meet social needs and enhance community well-being;"Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act" means the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act, 2013 (Act 16 of 2013);"Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Regulations" means the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Regulations: Land Use Management and General Matters, 2015 made under the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act published under Notice R239/2015 in Government Gazette 38594 of 23 March 2015;"subdivisional area" means an overlay zone that permits subdivision for the purposes of a subdivision application involving a change of zoning;"Tribunal" means the Municipal Planning Tribunal established in terms of section 80;"use right" regarding land, the right to use the land according to the zoning thereof including any lawful departure or consent use previously granted in terms of applicable land use legislation;"zoning" includes base zoning and overlay zoning;"Zoning scheme" means the Development Management Scheme referred to in Schedule 2;

2. Application of by-law

This by-law applies to all land situated within the municipal area, including land owned by organs of state.

Chapter II
Spatial planning

3. Compilation or amendment of municipal spatial development framework

(1)When the Council compiles or amends its municipal spatial development framework in accordance with the Municipal Systems Act, the Council must, as contemplated in section 11 of the Land Use Planning Act(a)establish an intergovernmental steering committee to compile a draft municipal spatial development framework or draft amendment of the municipal spatial development framework; or(b)refer its draft municipal spatial development framework or draft amendment of its municipal spatial development framework to the Provincial Minister for comment.
(2)The municipality must—(a)publish a notice in two of the official languages of the Province most spoken in the area in two newspapers circulating in the area concerned of—(i)the intention to compile or amend the municipal spatial development framework; and(ii)the process to be followed, in accordance with section 28 (3) and 29 of the Municipal Systems Act;(b)inform the Provincial Minister in writing of—(i)the intention to compile or amend the municipal spatial development framework;(ii)its decision in terms of subsection (1)(a) or (b); and(iii)the process contemplated in subsection (2)(a)(ii); and(c)register relevant stakeholders, who must be invited to comment on the draft municipal spatial development framework or draft amendment of the municipal spatial development framework as part of the process contemplated in subsection (2)(a)(ii).

4. Establishment of project committee

(1)The municipality may establish a project committee to assist to compile or amend its municipal spatial development framework and to perform the duties of the municipality referred to in sections 6 to 8.
(2)The project committee must consist of—(a)the municipal manager or a municipal employee designated by the municipal manager; and(b)municipal employees appointed by the municipal manager from the following municipal departments where relevant:(i)the integrated development planning office;(ii)the spatial planning department;(iii)the engineering department;(iv)the local economic development department; and(v)the housing department.

5. Establishment of intergovernmental steering committee

(1)If the Council establishes an intergovernmental steering committee, it must consist of—(a)the municipal manager, or a designated municipal employee to represent the municipal manager; and(b)representatives of—(i)the municipality, nominated by the municipal manager;(ii)the Department, nominated by the Head of Department;(iii)the provincial department responsible for environmental affairs, nominated by the head of that department; and(iv)other relevant organs of state, if any, who may have an interest in the compilation or amendment of the spatial development framework of the municipality.
(2)When the Council establishes an intergovernmental steering committee the municipal manager must—(a)designate a municipal employee to represent him or her;(b)nominate other representatives of the municipality; and(c)in writing, invite written nominations for representatives from the persons or organs of state contemplated in subsection (1)(b)(ii), (iii), and (iv).

6. Procedure with intergovernmental steering committee

(1)If the Council establishes an intergovernmental steering committee, the Director must compile a draft status quo report setting out an assessment of the existing levels of development and development challenges in the municipal area or relevant area in the municipal area and must submit it to the intergovernmental steering committee for comment.
(2)After consideration of the comments of the intergovernmental steering committee, the Director must finalise the status quo report and submit it to the Council for adoption.
(3)After finalising the status quo report the Director must compile a first draft of the municipal spatial development framework or first draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework and submit it to the intergovernmental steering committee for comment.
(4)After consideration of the comments of the intergovernmental steering committee, the Director must finalise the first draft of the municipal spatial development framework or first draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework and submit it to the Council to approve the publication thereof for public comment in accordance with the process adopted in terms of sections 28(3) and 29 of the Municipal Systems Act.
(5)After consideration of the comments and representations received by virtue of the publication contemplated in subsection (4), the Director must compile a final draft of the municipal spatial development framework or final draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework and submit it to the intergovernmental steering committee for comment.
(6)After consideration of the comments of the intergovernmental steering committee contemplated in subsection (5), the Director must finalise the final draft of the municipal spatial development framework or final draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework and submit it to the Council for adoption.
(7)If the final draft of the municipal spatial development framework or final draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework contemplated in subsection (6) is materially different to what was published in terms of subsection (4), the municipality must in accordance with subsections (4), (5) and (6) read with the necessary changes, follow a further consultation and public participation process before the municipal spatial development framework or amendment of the municipal spatial development framework is adopted by the Council.
(8)The Council or the project committee may at any time in the process of compiling a municipal spatial development framework or drafting an amendment of the spatial development framework request comments from the intergovernmental steering committee.
(9)The Council must adopt the final draft municipal spatial development framework or final draft amendment of the municipal spatial development framework, with or without amendments and must within 14 days of its decision give notice of its decision in the media and the Provincial Gazette.

7. Procedure without intergovernmental steering committee

(1)If the Council does not establish an intergovernmental steering committee to compile or amend its municipal spatial development framework, the Director must—(a)compile a draft status quo report setting out an assessment of the existing levels of development and development challenges in the municipal area or relevant area in the municipal area and submit it to the Council for adoption;(b)after adoption of the status quo report, compile a first draft of the municipal spatial development framework or first draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework and submit it to the Council to approve the publication thereof for public comment;(c)after approval of the first draft of the municipal spatial development framework or first draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework for publication contemplated in paragraph (b), submit the first draft of the municipal spatial development framework or first draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework to the Provincial Minister for comment in terms of section 13 of the Land Use Planning Act; and(d)after consideration of the comments received from the public and the Provincial Minister, submit the final draft of the municipal spatial development framework or final draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework, with any further amendments, to the Council for adoption.
(2)If the final draft of the municipal spatial development framework or final draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework contemplated in subsection (1)(d) is materially different to what was published in terms of subsection (1)(b), the municipality must follow a further consultation and public participation process before the municipal spatial development framework or amendment of the municipal spatial development framework is adopted by the Council.
(3)The Council must adopt the final draft of the municipal spatial development framework or final draft of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework, with or without amendments, and must within 14 days of its decision give notice of its decision in the media and the Provincial Gazette.

8. Functions and duties

(1)The Director must, in accordance with the directions of municipal manager(a)ensure the compilation of the municipal spatial development framework or drafting of an amendment of the municipal spatial development framework for adoption by the Council;(b)provide technical knowledge and expertise to the Council;(c)ensure that the compilation of the municipal spatial development framework or drafting of the amendment of the municipal spatial development framework is progressing according to the process contemplated in section 3(2)(a)(ii);(d)guide the public participation process and ensure that the registered stakeholders remain informed;(e)ensure the incorporation of amendments to the draft municipal spatial development framework or draft amendment of the municipal spatial development framework based on the consideration of the comments received during the process of drafting thereof;(f)ensure the drafting of—(i)a report in terms of section 14(c) of the Land Use Planning Act setting out the response of the municipality to the provincial comments issued in terms of section 12(4) or 13(2) of that Act; and(ii)a statement setting out—(aa)whether the municipality has implemented the policies and objectives issued by the national minister responsible for spatial planning and land use management and if so, how and to what extent the municipality has implemented it; or(bb)if the municipality has not implemented the policies and objectives, the reasons for not implementing it.(g)ensure alignment of the municipal spatial development framework with the development plans and strategies of other affected municipalities and other organs of state as contemplated in section 24(1) of the Municipal Systems Act;(h)facilitate the integration of other sector plans into the municipal spatial development framework; and(i)if the Council establishes an intergovernmental steering committee—(i)assist the Council in establishing the intergovernmental steering committee and adhering to timeframes; and(ii)ensure the flow of information between the project committee and the intergovernmental steering committee.
(2)The members of the intergovernmental steering committee must—(a)provide the intergovernmental steering committee with the following:(i)technical knowledge and expertise;(ii)input on outstanding information that is required to compile the municipal spatial development framework or draft an amendment thereof;(iii)information on budgetary allocations;(iv)information on and the locality of any current or planned projects that have an impact on the municipal area; and(v)written comments in terms of section 6; and(b)provide the Director with written comments in terms of section 6.

9. Local spatial development frameworks

(1)The municipality may adopt a local spatial development framework for a specific geographical area in a part of the municipal area.
(2)The purpose of a local spatial development framework is to, for a specific geographical area—(a)provide detailed spatial planning guidelines;(b)provide more detail in respect of a proposal provided for in the municipal spatial development framework;(c)meet specific land use planning needs;(d)provide detailed policy and recommended development parameters for land use planning;(e)provide detailed priorities in relation to land use planning and, in so far as they are linked to land use planning, biodiversity and environmental issues; and(f)guide decision-making on land use applications.

10. Compilation, adoption, amendment or review of local spatial development frameworks

(1)If the municipality compiles, amends or reviews a local spatial development framework, it must adopt a process plan, including the public participation processes to be followed for the compilation, amendment, review or adoption of a local spatial development framework.
(2)The municipality must, within 21 days of adopting a local spatial development framework or an amendment of a local spatial development framework, publish a notice of the decision in the media and the Provincial Gazette.

11. Status of local spatial development frameworks

(1)A local spatial development framework or an amendment thereof comes into operation on the date of publication of the notice contemplated in section 10(2).
(2)A local spatial development framework guides and informs decisions made by the municipality relating to land development, but it does not confer or take away rights.

12. Structure plans

(1)If the municipality intends to convert a structure plan to a local spatial development framework, the municipality must comply with sections 9 to 11 and must—(a)review that structure plan and make it consistent with the purpose of a local spatial development framework contemplated in section 9(2); and(b)incorporate the provisions of the structure plan that are consistent with that purpose in the local spatial development framework.
(2)The municipality must, in terms of section 16(4) of the Land Use Planning Act, withdraw the relevant structure plan by notice in the Provincial Gazette when it adopts a local spatial development framework contemplated in subsection (1).

Chapter III
Development management scheme, use zones, land uses and zonings

13. Application of scheme

The development management scheme applies to the entire Swartland municipal area and forms an integral part of this By-Law.

14. Purpose of scheme

The purpose of the development management scheme includes—(a)giving effect to the municipal spatial development framework;(b)making provision for orderly development and the welfare of the community; and(c)the regulation of use rights and control of the use of land;(d)the facilitation of the implementation of policies and principles set out in relevant spatial development frameworks and binding policies and principles set out in and in terms of national and provincial legislation;(e)facilitation of efficient, economic and sustainable use of land;(f)protection of areas with an environment which could be substantially adversely affected by development;(g)other purposes prescribed by national or provincial legislation; and(h)determination of use rights and development parameters, with due consideration of the principles referred to in Chapter VI of the Land Use Planning Act.

15. Components of the scheme

The development management scheme consists of the following components:(a)this By-Law;(b)the zoning map; and(c)the register.

16. Use zones

(1)The municipal area is divided in the use zones referred to in column 1 of Table A set out in Schedule 2.
(2)The purpose of each use zone is set out in column 1 of Table A.
(3)The description of the primary and consent uses applicable to each use zone is set out in Table B.
(4)The location, boundaries and extent of each use zone is depicted on the zoning map.
(5)The primary and consent uses applicable to each use zone are subject to the development parameters specified for that use zone as set out in Schedule 2.

17. Zoning map

(1)The zoning map depicts—(a)the zoning of land in accordance with the use zone in which the land is located; and(b)overlay zones, if applicable to the land.
(2)The municipality must update the Development Management Scheme map within a reasonable time after use rights have been granted or have lapsed.
(3)The municipality may keep the zoning map in an electronic format.
(4)The municipality may provide an extract of the zoning map to members of the public on payment of a fee determined by the municipality in terms of the municipality’s tariff policy.

18. Preparation and approval of new zoning map

(1)The municipality must give notice of a draft zoning map.
(2)The notice must be published in newspapers with general circulation in the area concerned in at least two of the official languages of the Province most widely spoken in the municipal area and must—(a)invite persons interested in, or affected by, the draft zoning map to submit written comments within a period of not less than 30 days from the date on which the notice was given;(b)state the name and contact details of the person to whom the comments must be addressed and where the draft zoning map can be obtained; and(c)state that any person who is unable to write may, during the municipality’s office hours, attend at any address stated in the notice where a named staff member of the municipality will assist that person to transcribe that person’s comments.
(3)A zoning map may be approved by the municipality with or without amendments.
(4)A zoning map takes effect when notice of its approval is published in the Provincial Gazette or on a future date as may be determined in the notice.
(5)Subsequent amendments to the map to reflect additional use rights granted or use rights that have lapsed are not published in the Provincial Gazette.

19. Rectification of errors on the zoning map

(1)If the zoning of a land unit is incorrectly indicated on the zoning map or wrongly converted from a zoning map of a former zoning scheme, the owner of an affected land unit may apply to the municipality to correct the error.
(2)An owner contemplated in subsection (1) must apply to the municipality in the form determined by the municipality and must—(a)submit written proof of the lawful land use rights; and(b)indicate the suitable zoning which should be allocated.
(3)The onus of proving that the zoning is incorrectly indicated on the zoning map is on the owner.
(4)The owner is exempted from paying application fees and from liability for the costs of public participation.
(5)If the municipality approves the application, the municipality must amend the zoning map.
(6)The municipality may refuse an application to correct the zoning map if the owner fails to submit written proof of the lawful use rights.
(7)The municipality may correct a zoning map if it finds an error on the map after—(a)notifying the owner in writing of its intention to correct the wrong conversion or error;(b)inviting the owner to make representations within a specified period in respect of the proposed correction of the errors on the zoning map; and(c)considering any representations received from the owner.
(8)If the municipality corrects the zoning map, it may only amend the map to show the correct zoning of the property.

20. Development management register

The municipality(a)must record all departures, consent uses or other permissions granted and non-conforming uses in the register;(b)may keep the register from the date of commencement of the Development Management Scheme in an electronic format; and(c)must make the register available to members of the public for viewing.

21. Status of the zoning map and exemption of the municipality from liability for an error

(1)The zoning map is the municipality’s record of the zoning of each land unit.
(2)A zoning recorded in the zoning map is presumed to be the correct zoning unless proved otherwise.
(3)A use right ceases to exist on the day it lapses in terms of this By-Law or a previous zoning scheme even if the zoning map still records the use right as existing.
(4)The municipality is exempt from liability for any damage which may be caused by—(a)an error in the zoning map; or(b)an erroneous representation by the municipality about a use right or the zoning of a land unit.

22. Zoning versus ownership

(1)Notations on the zoning map are intended to indicate zonings and not land ownership.
(2)Land of which the ownership vests in a public authority may only be included in the authority zone if it is utilised for a purpose for which no other zone set out in Schedule 2 is appropriate.
(3)If any other zone in Schedule 2 is appropriate, the land must be zoned for that purpose, whether or not it is owned by a public authority.

Chapter IV
Development management

23. Determination of zoning

(1)The owner or his or her agent may apply in terms of section 25(2) to the municipality for the determination of a zoning for land referred to in section 34(1), (2) or (3) of the Land Use Planning Act.
(2)When the municipality considers an application in terms of subsection (1), it must have regard to the following:(a)the lawful utilisation of the land, or the purpose for which it could be lawfully utilised immediately before the commencement of the Land Use Planning Act if it can be determined;(b)the zoning, if any, that is most compatible with that utilisation or purpose and any applicable title deed condition;(c)any departure or consent use that may be required in conjunction with that zoning;(d)in the case of land that was vacant immediately before the commencement of the Land Use Planning Act, the utilisation that is permitted in terms of the title deed conditions or, where more than one land use is so permitted, one of such land uses determined by the municipality; and(e)where the lawful utilisation of the land and the purpose for which it could be lawfully utilised immediately before the commencement of the Land Use Planning Act cannot be determined, the zoning that is the most desirable and compatible with any applicable title deed condition, together with any departure or consent use that may be required.
(3)If subsection (2)(e) is applicable, the municipality must rezone the land concerned in terms of section 25(2)(a).
(4)A land use that commenced unlawfully, whether before or after the commencement of this By-Law, may not be considered to be lawful.

24. Non-conforming uses

(1)A non-conforming use does not constitute an offence in terms of this By-Law.
(2)A non-conforming use may continue if it remains otherwise lawful, subject to the following:(a)if the non-conforming use is ceased for any reason for a period of more than twenty-four consecutive months, any subsequent utilisation of the property must comply with this By-Law and the Development Management Scheme, with or without departures;(b)an appropriate application contemplated in section 25(2) must be made for the alteration or extension of buildings or structures in respect of the non-conforming use;(c)the owner bears the onus of proving that the non-conforming use right exists; and(d)the use right is limited to the area of the building or land in respect of which the proven use right exists.
(3)Subject to subsection (2)(a) and (b), if an existing building that constitutes a non-conforming use is destroyed or damaged to the extent that it is necessary to demolish a substantial part of the building, the municipality may grant permission for the reconstruction of such building subject to conditions.

25. Land development requiring approval and other approvals

(1)No person may commence, continue, or cause the commencement or continuation of, land development, other than the subdivision or consolidation of land referred to in section 34, without the approval of the municipality in terms of subsection (2).
(2)The owner or his or her agent may apply to the municipality in terms of this Chapter for the following in relation to the development of the land concerned:(a)a rezoning of land;(b)a permanent departure from the development parameters of the Development Management Scheme;(c)a departure granted on a temporary basis to utilise land for a purpose not permitted in terms of the primary rights of the zoning applicable to the land;(d)a subdivision of land that is not exempted in terms of section 34, including the registration of a servitude or lease agreement;(e)a consolidation of land that is not exempted in terms of section 34;(f)a removal, suspension or amendment of restrictive conditions in respect of a land unit;(g)a permission required in terms of the Development Management Scheme;(h)an amendment, deletion or imposition of conditions in respect of an existing approval;(i)an extension of the validity period of an approval;(j)an approval of an overlay zone as contemplated in the Development Management Scheme;(k)an amendment or cancellation of an approved subdivision plan or part thereof, including a general plan or diagram ;(l)a permission required in terms of a condition of approval;(m)a determination of a zoning;(n)a closure of a public place or part thereof;(o)a consent use contemplated in the Development Management Scheme;(p)to disestablish an owner’s association;(q)to rectify a failure by a home owner’s association to meet its obligations in respect of the control over or maintenance of services;(r)a permission required for the reconstruction of an existing building that constitutes a non-conforming use that is destroyed or damaged to the extent that it is necessary to demolish a substantial part of the building.
(3)If section 53 of the Land Use Planning Act is applicable to the land development, the owner or agent must also apply for approval of the land development in terms of that Act.
(4)When an applicant or owner exercises a use right granted in terms of an approval, he or she must comply with the conditions of the approval and the applicable provisions of the Development Management Scheme.
(5)The municipality may, subject to subsection (7), on its own initiative rezone land of which it is not the owner for a purpose contemplated in sections 23(3) and 27(1)
(6)The municipality may, subject to subsection (7), on its own initiative conduct land development or an activity contemplated in subsections (2)(b),(c),(f) to (j) and (l) to (r), in respect of land which is not owned by the municipality.
(7)When the municipality acts in terms of subsection (2), (5) or (6)(a)the municipality is regarded for purposes of this Chapter and Chapter IV - As an applicant and must comply with this chapter and Chapter IV, including the publication and notice requirements; and(b)the decision must be made by the authorised official or the Tribunal in terms of this Chapter and Chapter VI.

26. Continuation of application after change of ownership

If land that is the subject of an application is transferred to a new owner, the new owner may continue with the application as the successor in title to the previous owner and the new owner is regarded as the applicant for the purposes of this By-law.

27. Rezoning of land

(1)The municipality may, on its own initiative, rezone land of which it is not the owner to—(a)provide a public service or to provide a public recreational space; or(b)substitute a zoning scheme or part thereof for a Development Management Scheme in terms of which the land is not zoned in accordance with the utilisation thereof or existing use rights.
(2)An applicant, who wishes land to be rezoned, must apply to the municipality in terms of section 25(2).
(3)When the municipality creates an overlay zone for land it must comply with sections 12 and 13 of the Municipal Systems Act.
(4)Zoning may be made applicable to a land unit or part thereof and zoning need not follow cadastral boundaries.
(5)Subject to subsection (6), a rezoning approval contemplated in subsection (2) lapses after the applicable period calculated from the date that the approval comes into operation if, within that period—(a)the zoning is not utilised in accordance with the approval; or(b)the following requirements have not been met:(i)the approval by the municipality of a building plan envisaged for the utilisation of the approved use right; and(ii)commencement of the construction of the building contemplated in subparagraph (i).
(6)An approval of a rezoning to subdivisional area contemplated in subsection 30(2) lapses after the applicable period calculated from the date that the approval comes into operation if, within that period—(a)a subdivision application is not submitted; or(b)the conditions of approval are not complied with.
(7)If a subdivision application is submitted in respect of land that is zoned as subdivisional area, the zoning of subdivisional area lapses on the later date of the following dates:(a)the date on which the subdivision is approved; or(b)the date after the applicable period contemplated in subsection (6) including any extended period approved in terms of section 77.
(8)The approval of a rezoning to subdivisional area must include conditions that make provision for at least—(a)density requirements;(b)main land uses and the extent thereof; and(c)a detailed phasing plan or a framework including—(i)main transport routes;(ii)main land uses;(iii)bulk infrastructure;(iv)requirements of organs of state;(v)public open space requirements; and(vi)physical development constraints.
(9)If a rezoning approval lapses, the zoning applicable to the land before the approval of the rezoning applies or, where no zoning existed before the approval of the rezoning, the municipality must determine a zoning in terms of section 23.

28. Departures

(1)An applicant may apply to the municipality in terms of section 25(2)(a)for a departure from the development parameters of a zoning or an overlay zone; or(b)to utilise land on a temporary basis for a purpose not permitted in terms of the primary rights of the zoning applicable to the land for a period not exceeding five years.
(2)A departure contemplated in subsection (1)(a) lapses after the applicable period from the date that the approval comes into operation if, within that period—(a)the departure is not utilised in accordance with the approval; or(b)the following requirements have not been met:(i)the approval by the municipality of a building plan envisaged for the utilisation of the approved departure; and(ii)commencement of the construction of the building contemplated in subparagraph (i).
(3)The municipality may approve a departure contemplated in subsection (1)(b) except for a right to utilise land for a purpose granted on a temporary basis for a specific occasion or event, for a period shorter than five years but, if a shorter period is approved, the period together with any extension approved in accordance with section 77 may not exceed five years;
(4)A temporary departure contemplated in subsection (1)(b) may not be approved more than once in respect of a particular use on a specific land unit.
(5)A temporary departure contemplated in subsection (1)(b) may include an improvement of land only if—(a)the improvement is temporary in nature; and(b)the land can, without further construction or demolition, revert to its previous lawful use upon the expiry of the use right.

29. Consent uses

(1)An applicant may apply to the municipality in terms of section 25(2) for a consent use contemplated in the Development Management Scheme.
(2)If the development parameters for the consent use that is being applied for are not defined in the Development Management Scheme, the municipality must determine the development parameters that apply to the consent use in terms of conditions of approval imposed in terms of section 76.
(3)A consent use may be approved permanently or for a period specified in the conditions of approval imposed in terms of section 76.
(4)A consent use approved for a specified period must not have the effect of preventing the property from being utilised in the future for the primary uses permitted in terms of the zoning of the land.
(5)A consent use contemplated in subsection (1) lapses after the applicable period from the date that the approval comes into operation if, within that period—(a)the consent use is not utilised in accordance with the approval; or(b)the following requirements have not been met:(i)the approval by the municipality of a building plan envisaged for the utilisation of the approved consent use; and(ii)commencement of the construction of the building contemplated in subparagraph (i).

30. Subdivision

(1)No person may subdivide land without the approval of the municipality in terms of section 25(2) unless the subdivision is exempted in terms of section 34.
(2)No application for subdivision involving a change of zoning may be considered by the municipality unless the land concerned is zoned as a subdivisional area.
(3)An applicant may submit a subdivision application simultaneously with an application for rezoning.
(4)The municipality must impose appropriate conditions in terms of section 76 relating to engineering services for an approval of a subdivision.
(5)If the municipality approves a subdivision, the applicant must submit a general plan or diagram to the Surveyor-General for approval, including proof to the satisfaction of the Surveyor-General of—(a)the municipality’s decision to approve the subdivision;(b)the conditions of approval imposed in terms of section 76; and(c)the approved subdivision plan.
(6)The municipality must issue a certificate to the applicant or any other person on his or her written request to confirm that all the conditions of approval contemplated in section 31(1)(c) have been met, if the applicant has submitted the proof contemplated in that section.
(7)If the municipality issues a certificate referred to in subsection (6) in error, the owner is not absolved from complying with the obligations imposed in terms of the conditions.

31. Confirmation of subdivision

(1)A subdivision or part thereof is confirmed and cannot lapse when the following requirements are met within the period contemplated in section 32(1):(a)approval by the Surveyor-General of the general plan or diagram contemplated in section 30(5);(b)completion of the installation of engineering services in accordance with the conditions contemplated in section 30(4) and other applicable legislation;(c)proof to the satisfaction of the municipality that all the conditions of the approved subdivision that must be complied with before compliance with paragraph (d) have been met in respect of the area shown on the general plan or diagram; and(d)registration of the transfer of ownership, a certificate of consolidated title or certificate of registered title in terms of the Deeds Registries Act of the land unit shown on the diagram or of at least one new land unit shown on the general plan.
(2)Upon confirmation of a subdivision or part thereof in terms of subsection (1), zonings indicated on an approved subdivision plan are confirmed and cannot lapse.
(3)The municipality must in writing confirm to the applicant or any other person on his or her written request that a subdivision or part of a subdivision is confirmed if the applicant has to the satisfaction of the municipality submitted proof of compliance with the requirements referred to in subsection (1)(a) to (d) for the subdivision or part thereof.
(4)No building or structure may be constructed on a land unit forming part of an approved subdivision unless the subdivision is confirmed as contemplated in subsection (1) or the municipality approved the construction before the confirmation of the subdivision.

32. Lapsing of subdivision

(1)An approved subdivision lapses after the applicable period from the date that the approval comes into operation if the requirements contemplated in section 31(1)(a) to (d) have not been met within that period.
(2)If an applicant complies with section 31(1)(b) and (c) only in respect of a part of the land reflected on the general plan contemplated in section 31(1)(a), the applicant must withdraw the general plan and submit a new general plan to the Surveyor-General for that part of the land.
(3)If an approval of a subdivision or part thereof lapses in terms of subsection (1)—(a)the municipality must—(i)amend the zoning map and, where applicable, the register accordingly; and(ii)notify the Surveyor-General accordingly; and(b)the Surveyor-General must endorse the records of the Surveyor-General’s office to reflect the notification that the subdivision has lapsed.

33. Amendment or cancellation of subdivision plan

(1)The municipality may in terms of section 25(2) approve the amendment or cancellation of a subdivision plan, including conditions of approval, the general plan or diagram, in relation to land units shown on the general plan or diagram have not yet been registered in terms of the Deeds Registries Act.
(2)When the municipality approves an application in terms of subsection (1), any public place that is no longer required by virtue of the approval must be closed in terms of section 36.
(3)The municipality must notify the Surveyor-General of an approval in terms of subsection (1) and the Surveyor-General must endorse the records of the Surveyor-General’s office to reflect the amendment or cancellation of the subdivision.
(4)An amended subdivision approval contemplated in subsection 1 does not extend the validity period of the initial approval of the subdivision as contemplated in section 32(1).

34. Exemption of certain subdivisions and consolidations

(1)Subject to subsection (5), the subdivision or consolidation of land units does not require approval in terms of this By-Law if it arises from—(a)the implementation of a court order;(b)an expropriation;(c)a minor amendment of the common boundary between two or more land units, if the resulting change in area of the relevant properties do not exceed 10 percent of the combined area thereof;(d)the survey of closed streets or public open spaces in order to consolidate with an abutting land unit;(e)construction or alteration of a public road or a public street;(f)the need to transfer land units to the municipality or an organ of state in terms of the Deeds Registries Act for municipal or government purposes;(g)the registration of a servitude or lease for the provision or construction of—(i)an engineering service or other service provided by or on behalf of the state or a service provider including communication infrastructure and pipelines;(ii)an encroachment into a road reserve;(iii)a municipal engineering service;(iv)the imposition of height restrictions;(v)the granting of a right of habitation, private right of way or usufruct; or(vi)bore-hole or water pipe.(h)an existing state or municipal owned housing scheme in order to make ownership of individual land units possible;(i)a consolidation of land required in terms of a condition of approval imposed in terms of the Ordinance prior to this By-Law coming into force;(j)the consolidation of land units where an existing building constructed in terms of approved building plans and in accordance with such plans straddled the boundaries of two or more contiguous land units prior to the commencement of this By-Law;(k)the cession of land to the municipality for inclusion into a road reserve.
(2)Subject to subsection (5), the municipality may, by notice in the Provincial Gazette exempt any other type of subdivision application from the need for approval in terms of this By-Law if the exemption does not adversely affect the rights or legitimate expectations of any person.
(3)Subject to subsection (4), the municipality may on application exempt a subdivision from the need for approval in terms of this By-Law if exceptional circumstances exist in terms of this By-Law and if the exemption does not adversely affect the rights or legitimate expectations of any person.
(4)The municipality must endorse on the plan of subdivision that a subdivision is exempt from the need for approval in terms of this By-Law.
(5)The exemptions in subsection (1) and the power to exempt in subsection (2) do not apply—(a)if a rezoning or any other land use approval in this By-Law is required;(b)when engineering services must be moved or provided; or(c)if the subdivision is required to create individual land units for new housing.
(6)An owner must obtain a certificate from the municipality to the effect that the subdivision or consolidation is exempted from the provisions of section 25 and sections 30 to 33 in the case of subdivision or sections 25, 41, and 42 in case of consolidation.
(7)The municipality must indicate on the subdivisional plan or the diagram of consolidation that the subdivision or consolidation is exempted.

35. Ownership of public places and land for municipal service infrastructure and amenities

(1)The ownership of land that is earmarked for a public place as shown on an approved subdivision plan vest in the municipality upon confirmation of the subdivision or a part thereof.
(2)The municipality may in terms of conditions imposed in terms of section 76 determine that land designated for the provision of municipal service infrastructure and amenities on an approved subdivision plan be transferred to the municipality upon confirmation of the subdivision or a part thereof.

36. Closure of public places

(1)The municipality may, on its own initiative or on application, permanently close a public place or any part thereof in accordance with Chapter IV.
(2)An applicant who requires the closure of a public place, whether permanently or temporarily, must apply in terms of section 25(2) to the municipality.
(3)If any person lodges a claim against the municipality for loss or damage that he or she has allegedly suffered due to wrongdoing on the part of the municipality when it permanently closed a public place, the authorised employee must—(a)require proof of negligence or any other wrongdoing on the part of the municipality which resulted in the loss or damage; and(b)before any claim is paid or settled, obtain a full technical investigation report in respect of the circumstances that led to the closure of the public place to determine whether there has been negligence on the part of the municipality.
(4)The municipality may pay a claim if—(a)the circumstances of the loss or damage reveal that the municipality acted wrongfully;(b)the case of loss of or damage to property, the claimant has proved his or her loss or damage;(c)in the case of personal injury, the claimant has provided proof of a fair and reasonable quantum;(d)no claim has been paid by personal insurance covering the same loss; and(e)any relevant information as requested by the authorised employee has been received.
(5)The ownership of the land comprising any public place, or a part thereof, that is permanently closed in terms of this section continues to vest in the municipality unless the municipality determines otherwise.
(6)The municipal manager may, without complying with Chapter IV, temporarily close a public place—(a)for the purpose of, or pending, the construction, reconstruction or maintenance of the public place;(b)for the purpose of, or pending, the construction, extension, maintenance or demolition of any building, structure, works or service alongside, on, across, through, over or under the public place;(c)if the public place is in a state that is dangerous to the public;(d)by reason of an emergency or public event that requires special measures for the control of traffic or crowds; or(e)for any other reason that renders the temporary closing of the public place necessary or desirable.
(7)The municipality must notify the Surveyor-General of an approval in terms of subsection (1) and the Surveyor-General must endorse the records of the Surveyor-General’s office to reflect the closure of the public place.

37. Services arising from subdivision

Subsequent to the approval of an application for subdivision in terms of this by-law, the owner of any land unit originating from the subdivision must—(a)allow that the following be conveyed across his or her land unit as may be reasonably required in respect of other land units originating from the subdivision:(i)gas mains;(ii)electricity cables;(iii)telephone cables;(iv)television cables;(v)other electronic infrastructure;(vi)main and other water pipes;(vii)foul sewers;(viii)storm-water pipes; and(ix)ditches and channels;(b)allow the following on his or her land unit if considered necessary and in the manner and position as may be reasonably required by the municipality:(i)surface installations such as mini-substations;(ii)meter kiosks; and(iii)service pillars;(c)allow access to the land unit at any reasonable time for the purpose of constructing, altering, removing or inspecting any works referred to in paragraph (a) or (b); and(d)receive material or permit excavation on the land unit as may be required to allow use of the full width of an abutting street and to provide a safe and proper slope to its bank where necessitated by differences between the level of the street as finally constructed and the level of the land unit unless he or she elects to build retaining walls to the satisfaction of and within a period to be determined by the municipality.

38. Certification by municipality

(1)A person may apply to the Registrar of Deeds to register the transfer of a land unit in the instances referred to in subsection (3)(a) to (c), only if the municipality has issued a certificate in terms of this section.
(2)The Registrar of Deeds may register the transfer of a land unit in the instances referred to in subsection (3)(a) to (c) only if the municipality has issued a certificate in terms of this section.
(3)The municipality must issue a certificate to transfer a land unit contemplated in subsections (1) and (2) if the owner provides the municipality with the following:(a)where an owners’ association has been established in respect of that land unit, a conveyancer’s certificate confirming that money due by the transferor of the land unit to that owners’ association has been paid, or that provision has been made to the satisfaction of the owners’ association for the payment thereof;(b)in the case of any existing contravention penalty due by the transferor of the land unit, proof of payment of the penalty or proof of compliance with an instruction in a compliance notice issued to the transferor in terms of Chapter X;(c)in the case of the first registration of the transfer of ownership of a land unit arising from a subdivision, to any person other than the developer and where an owner’s association is constituted, proof that—(i)all common property arising from the subdivision has been transferred to the owners’ association as contemplated in section 39(3)(e) or will be transferred to the owners’ association simultaneously with the registration of the transfer of that land unit;(ii)land needed for public purposes or other municipal infrastructure as contemplated in terms of a condition imposed under section 76 has been transferred to the municipality or will be transferred to the municipality simultaneously with the registration of the transfer of that land unit;(iii)the engineering services and amenities that must be provided in connection with the subdivision are available; and(iv)a certificate contemplated in section 30(6) has been issued by the municipality.

39. Owners’ associations

(1)The municipality may, when approving an application for a subdivision of land, impose conditions relating to the compulsory establishment of an owners’ association by the applicant for an area determined in the conditions.
(2)An owners’ association that comes into being by virtue of subsection (1) is a juristic person and must have a constitution.
(3)The constitution of an owners association must be approved by the municipality before registration of the transfer of the first land unit and must make provision for—(a)the owners association to formally represent the collective mutual interests of the area, suburb or neighborhood set out in the constitution in accordance with the conditions of approval;(b)control over and maintenance of buildings, services or amenities arising from the subdivision;(c)the regulation of at least one annual meeting with its members;(d)control over the design guidelines of the buildings and erven arising from the subdivision;(e)the ownership by the owners’ association of all common property arising from the subdivision, including—(i)private open spaces;(ii)private roads; and(iii)land required for services provided by the owners’ association;(f)enforcement of conditions of approval or management plans;(g)procedures to obtain the consent of the members of the owners’ association to transfer an erf if the owners’ association ceases to function; and(h)the implementation and enforcement by the owners’ association of the provisions of the constitution.
(4)The constitution of an owners’ association may have other objectives as set by the association but may not contain provisions conflicting with any law.
(5)The constitution of the owners’ association takes effect upon the registration of the transfer of ownership of the first land unit to a person other than the developer.
(6)An owners’ association may amend its constitution when necessary, but if an amendment affects the municipality or a provision referred to in subsection (3), the amendment must also be approved by the municipality.
(7)An owners’ association that comes into being by virtue of subsection (1)—(a)has as its members all the owners of the land units arising from the subdivision and their successors in title, who are jointly liable for expenditure incurred in connection with the association; and(b)is upon registration of the transfer of ownership of the first land unit to a person other than the developer automatically established.
(8)The design guidelines contemplated in subsection (3)(d) may introduce more restrictive development rules than the rules provided for in the Development Management Scheme.

40. Owners’ associations that cease to function

(1)If an owners’ association ceases to function or carry out its obligations, any affected person, including a member of the association, may apply—(a)in terms of section 25(2)(p) to disestablish the owners’ association subject to—(i)the amendment of the conditions of approval to remove the obligation to establish an owners’ association; and(ii)the amendment of title conditions pertaining to the owners’ association, to remove any obligation in respect of an owners’ association;(b)in terms of section 25(2)(q) for appropriate action by the municipality to rectify a failure of the owners’ association to meet any of its obligations in respect of the control over or maintenance of services contemplated in subsection 39(3)(b); or(c)to the High Court to appoint an administrator who must exercise the powers of the owners’ association to the exclusion of the owners’ association.
(2)In considering an application contemplated in subsection (1), the municipality must have regard to—(a)the purpose of the owners association;(b)who will take over the control over and maintenance of services for which the owners association is responsible; and(c)the impact of the disestablishment of the owners’ association on the members of the owners’ association and the community concerned.
(3)The municipality or the affected person may recover from the members of the owners’ association the amount of any expenditure incurred by the municipality or that affected person, as the case may be, in respect of any action taken in terms of subsection (1).
(4)The amount of any expenditure so recovered is, for the purposes of section 39(7)(a), considered to be expenditure incurred in connection with the owners’ association.

41. Consolidation of land units

(1)No person may consolidate land without the approval of the municipality in terms of section 25(2) unless the consolidation is exempted in terms of section 34.
(2)If the municipality approves a consolidation, the applicant must submit a diagram to the Surveyor-General for approval, including proof to the satisfaction of the Surveyor-General of—(a)the municipality’s decision to approve the consolidation;(b)the conditions of approval imposed in terms of section 76; and(c)the approved consolidation plan.
(3)If the municipality approves a consolidation, the municipality must—(a)amend the zoning map and where applicable the register, accordingly; and(b)issue a certificate to the effect that all conditions of consolidation have been complied with.

42. Lapsing of consolidation

(1)An approved consolidation of land units lapses if the consolidation is not registered in terms of the Deeds Registries Act within the applicable period from the date that the approval comes into operation.
(2)If an approval of a consolidation lapses in terms of subsection (1)—(a)the municipality must—(i)amend the zoning map, and where applicable the register, accordingly; and(ii)notify the Surveyor-General accordingly; and(b)the Surveyor-General must endorse the records of the Surveyor-General’s office to reflect the notification that the consolidation has lapsed.

43. Removal, suspension or amendment of restrictive conditions

(1)The municipality may—(a)remove, suspend or amend a restrictive condition permanently;(b)for a period specified in the approval; or(c)remove, suspend or amend a restrictive condition as contemplated in paragraph (a) or (b) subject to conditions of approval.
(2)When an owner applies for a removal, suspension or amendment of restrictive conditions, the owner must in addition to the procedures set out in Chapter IV—(a)submit a certified copy of the relevant title deed to the municipality; and(b)if there is a mortgage bond registered in respect of the land concerned, submit the bondholder’s consent to the application.
(3)The municipality must cause a notice of an application in terms of section 25(2)(f) to be served on—(a)all organs of state that may have an interest in the restrictive condition;a person whose rights or legitimate expectations will be affected by the approval of the application; and(b)all persons mentioned in the title deed for whose benefit the restrictive condition applies.
(4)When the municipality considers the removal, suspension or amendment of a restrictive condition, the municipality must have regard to the following:(a)the financial or other value of the rights in terms of the restrictive condition enjoyed by a person or entity, irrespective of whether these rights are personal or vest in the person as the owner of a dominant tenement;(b)the personal benefits which accrue to the holder of rights in terms of the restrictive condition;(c)the personal benefits which will accrue to the person seeking the removal, suspension or amendment of the restrictive condition if it is amended, suspended or removed;(d)the social benefit of the restrictive condition remaining in place in its existing form;(e)the social benefit of the removal, suspension or amendment of the restrictive condition; and(f)whether the removal, suspension or amendment of the restrictive condition will completely remove all rights enjoyed by the beneficiary or only some of those rights.
(5)An approval to remove, suspend or amend a restrictive condition comes into operation—(a)if no appeal has been lodged, after the expiry of the period contemplated in section 89(2) within which an appeal must be lodged; or(b)if an appeal has been lodged, when the appeal authority has decided on the appeal.
(6)The municipality must cause a notice of the decision to amend, suspend or remove a restrictive condition to be published in the Provincial Gazette after the decision comes into operation as contemplated in subsection (5) and notify the Registrar of the decision.
(7)If an owner intends to apply in terms of section 25(2) for land development that is contrary to a restrictive condition applicable to the land concerned, the owner must when the application for land development is submitted simultaneously apply for the removal, suspension or amendment of the restrictive condition.
(8)The municipality must consider the land development application and the application for the removal, suspension or amendment of the restrictive condition, contemplated in subsection (7), together and make an integrated decision.

44. Endorsements in connection with removal, suspension or amendment of restrictive conditions

(1)An applicant at whose instance a restrictive condition is removed, suspended or amended must, after the publication of a notice contemplated in section 43(7) in the Provincial Gazette, apply to the Registrar of Deeds to make the appropriate entries in, and endorsements on, any relevant register or title deed to reflect the removal, suspension or amendment of the restrictive condition.
(2)The Registrar of Deeds may require proof of the removal, suspension or amendment of a restrictive condition from the applicant including the submission of the following to the Registrar of Deeds:(a)a copy of the approval;(b)the original title deed; and(c)a copy of the notice contemplated in section 43(7) as published in the Provincial Gazette.

Chapter V
Application procedures

45. Manner and date of notification

(1)Any serving of a notice or notification or acknowledgement given in terms of this By-Law must be in writing and may be issued to a person—(a)by delivering it by hand to the person;(b)by sending it by registered mail—(i)to that person’s business or residential address and municipal billing address, where the billing address differs from the business or residential address; or(ii)in the case of a juristic person, to its registered address or principal place of business and municipal billing address, where the billing address differs from the business or residential address;(c)by means of data messages contemplated in the Electronic Communications and Transactions Act, 2002 (Act 25 of 2002), by sending a copy of the notice to the person, if the person has an email address or other electronic address; or(d)where an address is unknown despite reasonable enquiry, by publishing it once in the Provincial Gazette and once in a local newspaper circulating in the area of that person’s last known residential or business address.
(2)The date of notification in respect of a notice served or given to a person in terms of this By-Law—(a)if it was served by certified or registered post, is the date of registration of the notice; and(b)if it was delivered to that person personally, is the date of delivery to that person;(c)if it was left at that person’s place of residence, work or business in the Republic with a person apparently over the age of sixteen years, is the date on which it was left with that person;(d)if it was displayed in a conspicuous place on the property or premises to which it pertains, is the date that it is posted on that place; or(e)when it was e-mailed or sent to an electronic address, is the date that it was received by that person as contemplated in the Electronic Communications and Transactions Act, 2002.
(3)The municipality may determine specific methods of service and notification in respect of applications and appeals including—(a)conformation specifications relating to matters such as size, scale, colour, hard copy, number of copies, electronic format and file format;(b)the manner of submission to and communication with the municipality;(c)the method by which a person may be notified;(d)other information requirements; and(e)other procedural requirements.

46. Procedures for applications

(1)An applicant must comply with the procedures in this Chapter and, where applicable, the specific procedures provided for in Chapter IV of this By-Law.
(2)An applicant may apply simultaneously for different types of applications for land development in terms of section 25(2).

47. Pre-application consultation

(1)The municipality may require an owner who intends to submit an application or his or her agent to meet with the authorised employee and, where applicable, with employees of other relevant organs of state for a pre-application consultation before he or she submits an application to the municipality in order to determine the information and documents that must be submitted with the application.
(2)The municipality may issue guidelines regarding—(a)applications that require a pre-application consultation;(b)the nature of the information and documents that must be submitted with an application;(c)the attendance of employees from the municipality or other organs of state at a pre-application consultation; and(d)the procedures at a pre-application consultation.
(3)The municipality must keep minutes of the proceedings of a pre-application consultation.

48. Information required

(1)Subject to subsection (2), an application must be accompanied by the following information and documents where applicable—(a)an application form provided by the municipality, completed and signed by the applicant;(b)if the applicant is an agent, a power of attorney authorising the applicant to make the application on behalf of the owner;(c)if the owner of the land is a company, closed corporation, trust, body corporate or owners’ association, proof that the person is authorised to make an application on behalf of the company, closed corporation, trust, body corporate or owners’ association;(d)proof of registered ownership or any other relevant right held in the land concerned;(e)if a mortgage bond is registered in respect of the land concerned, the relevant bondholder’s consent;(f)a written motivation for the application based on the relevant criteria referred to in section 75;(g)a copy of the Surveyor-General’s diagram of the property concerned or, if it does not exist, an extract from the relevant general plan;(h)a locality plan and site development plan, if required, or a plan showing the proposed land development in its cadastral context;(i)in the case of an application for the subdivision of land, copies of the subdivision plan showing the following:(i)the location of the proposed land units;(ii)the proposed zonings in respect of the proposed land units;(iii)all existing structures on the property and abutting properties;(iv)the proposed public places and the land needed for public purposes;(v)the existing access points;(vi)all servitudes;(vii)contours with at least a one-meter interval or such other interval as may be approved by the municipality;(viii)the street furniture;(ix)the lamp, electricity and telephone posts;(x)the electricity transformers and mini-substations;(xi)the storm-water channels and catch pits;(xii)the sewerage lines and connection points;(xiii)any significant natural features; and(xiv)all distances and areas to scale;(j)proof of an agreement or permission if the proposed land development requires a servitude over land or access to a provincial or national road;(k)any other documents or information that the municipality may require;(l)proof of payment of application fees;(m)a copy of the title deed of the land concerned;(n)a conveyancer’s certificate indicating that the application is not restricted by any condition contained in the title deed pertaining to the land concerned or a copy of all historical title deeds; and(o)where applicable, the minutes of a pre-application consultation in respect of the application.
(2)The municipality may at a pre-application consultation add or remove any information or documents contemplated in subsection (1) for a particular application.
(3)The municipality may issue guidelines regarding the submission of information, documents or procedural requirements.

49. Application fees

(1)An applicant must pay the application fees determined by the municipality before applying in terms of this By-Law.
(2)Application fees paid to the municipality are non-refundable and proof of payment of the application fees must accompany an application.

50. Grounds for refusing to accept application

The municipality may, in terms of section 51(3), refuse to accept an application if—(a)there is no proof of payment of the applicable fees; or(b)the application is not in the form or does not contain the information or documents referred to in section 48.

51. Receipt of application and commencement of application process

(1)The municipality must—(a)record the receipt of an application, in writing or by affixing a stamp on the application, on the day of receipt;(b)verify whether the application complies with section 48; and(c)notify the applicant in writing within fourteen days of receipt of the application(i)that the application is complete and complies with section 48 and that the application process commences; or(ii)of any information, documents or fees referred to in section 48 that are outstanding and that the applicant must provide to the municipality within 14 days of the date of notification.
(2)The municipality must within fourteen days of receipt of the outstanding information, documents or fees referred to in subsection (1)(c)(ii) notify the applicant in writing that the application is complete and that the application process commences.
(3)The municipality may refuse to consider the application if the applicant fails to provide the information or documents or pay the fees within the period contemplated in subsection (1)(c)(ii).
(4)The municipality must notify the applicant in writing of a refusal to consider an application under subsection (3) and must close the application.
(5)An applicant has no right of appeal to the appeal authority in respect of a decision contemplated in subsection (3) to refuse to consider an application.
(6)If an applicant wishes to continue with an application that the municipality refused to consider under subsection (3), the applicant must apply again and pay the applicable application fees.
(7)The municipality must cause notice of the application to be given within 21 days from the date on which the application process commences as contemplated in subsection (1)(c)(i) or (2).

52. Provision of additional information or documents

(1)The municipality must, within 30 days of receipt of an application that complies with section 48, notify the applicant in writing of any information or documents it requires in addition to the requirements contemplated in section 48.
(2)The applicant must provide the municipality with the additional information or documents contemplated in subsection (1) within 30 days of the date of notification or within the further period agreed to between the applicant and the municipality.
(3)If the applicant fails to provide the additional information or documents within the period contemplated in subsection (2), the municipality must consider the application without the information or documents and notify the applicant accordingly.
(4)The municipality must, within 21 days of receipt of the additional information or documents, if the applicant provided all the required information or documents, acknowledge receipt thereof and notify the applicant in writing that the application process proceeds or that further information, documents or fees are required as a result of the information or documents received.
(5)If the municipality notified the applicant that further information or documents are required as contemplated in subsection (4), subsections (2) and (3) apply to the further submission of information or documents.

53. Withdrawal of application or power of attorney

(1)An applicant may, at any time before the municipality decides on an application submitted by the applicant, withdraw the application by giving written notice of the withdrawal to the municipality.
(2)The owner must in writing inform the municipality if he or she has withdrawn the power of attorney given to his or her former agent and confirm whether he or she will personally proceed with the application.

54. Public notice in accordance with other laws and integrated procedures

(1)The municipality may, on written request and motivation by an applicant, before notice is given of an application in terms of section 55 or 56, determine that—(a)a public notice procedure carried out in terms of another law in respect of the application constitutes public notice for the purpose of an application made in terms of this By-Law; or(b)public notice of the application given in terms of this By-Law may be published in accordance with the requirements for public notice applicable to a related application in terms of another law.
(2)If the municipality determines that an application may be published as contemplated in subsection (1)(b), an agreement must be entered into between the municipality and the relevant organs of state to facilitate the simultaneous publication of notices.

55. Publication of notices

(1)Subject to section 54, the municipality must, in accordance with subsection (2), cause public notice to be given of the following applications:(a)an application for a rezoning;(b)the subdivision of land larger than five hectares inside the outer limit of urban expansion as reflected in the municipal spatial development framework;(c)the subdivision of land larger than one hectare outside the outer limit of urban expansion as reflected in the municipal spatial development framework;(d)if the municipality has no approved municipal spatial development framework, the subdivision of land larger than five hectares inside the physical edge, including existing urban land use approvals, of the existing urban area;(e)if the municipality has no approved municipal spatial development framework, the subdivision of land larger than one hectare outside the physical edge, including existing urban land use approvals, of the existing urban area;(f)the closure of a public place;(g)an application in respect of a restrictive condition; and(h)other applications that will materially affect the public interest or the interests of the community if approved.
(2)Public notice of an application referred to in subsection (1) must be given by—(a)publishing a notice with the contents contemplated in section 57 in newspapers with a general circulation in the area concerned in at least two of the official languages of the Province most spoken in the area concerned;(b)if there is no newspaper with a general circulation in the area, posting a notice with the contents contemplated in section 57, for at least the duration of the notice period, on the land concerned and on any other notice board, as may be determined by the municipality; and(c)publishing a notice with the contents contemplated in section 57 on the municipality’s website.
(3)The municipality may require the applicant to attend to the publication as contemplated in subsection (2) of the public notice of an application.
(4)An applicant who publishes a notice in terms of this section must within the period determined by the municipality of publication of the notice provide the municipality with proof, as determined by the municipality that the notice was published in accordance with this section.

56. Serving of notices

(1)The municipality must cause a notice with the contents contemplated in section 57 to be served of at least the following applications:(a)an application referred to in section 55(1);(b)a determination of a zoning contemplated in section 23;(c)an application for subdivision, amendment or cancellation of a subdivision plan contemplated in section 25(2)(d) and (k) respectively;(d)an application for consolidation contemplated in section 25(2)(e);(e)the amendment, deletion or imposition of a condition contemplated in section 25(2)(h).
(2)A notice contemplated in subsection (1) must be served—(a)in accordance with section 45;(b)in at least two of the official languages of the Province most spoken in the area concerned;(c)on each person whose rights or legitimate expectations will be affected by the approval of the application; and(d)on every owner of land adjoining the land concerned.
(3)The municipality may require the serving of a notice as contemplated in this section for any other application made in terms of this By-Law and that is not listed in subsection (1).
(4)The municipality may require the applicant to attend to the serving of a notice as contemplated in subsection (2).
(5)An applicant who serves a notice in terms of this section must within the period determined by the municipality from the service of that notice provide the municipality with proof, as determined by the municipality, of the service of the notice in accordance with subsection (2).
(6)The municipality may require the applicant to make the application available for inspection by members of the public at a public place determined by the municipality.

57. Contents of notice

When notice of an application must be published or served in terms of this by-law, the notice must—(a)provide the name and contact details of the applicant and the owner;(b)identify the land or land unit to which the application relates by giving the property description and the physical address;(c)state the intent and purpose of the application;(d)state that a copy of the application and supporting documentation will be available for viewing during the hours and at the place mentioned in the notice;(e)state the name and contact details of the person to whom comments must be addressed;(f)invite members of the public to submit written comments, together with the reasons therefor, in respect of the application;(g)state in what manner comments may be submitted;(h)state the date by which the comments must be submitted, which date may not be less than 30 days from the date on which the notice was given; and(i)state that any person who cannot write may during office hours come to an address stated in the notice where a named staff member of the municipality will assist those persons by transcribing their comments.

58. Other methods of public notice

(1)The municipality may, cause public notice to be given by one or more of the methods referred to in subsection (2)—(a)to ensure additional public notice of applications listed in sections 55(1) if the municipality considers notice in accordance with sections 55 or 56 to be ineffective or expects that the notice would be ineffective; or(b)to give public notice of any other application in terms of this By-Law.
(2)Public notice contemplated in subsection (1) may be given by—(a)displaying a notice contemplated in section 57 of a size of at least 60 centimetres by 42 centimetres on the frontage of the erf concerned or at any other conspicuous and easily accessible place on the erf, provided that—(i)the notice is displayed for a minimum of 30 days during any period that the public may comment on the application; and(ii)the applicant, within 30 days from the last day of display of the notice, submits to the municipality(aa)an affidavit confirming the maintenance of the notice for the prescribed period; and(bb)at least two photos of the notice, one from close up and one from across the street;(b)convening a meeting for the purpose of informing affected members of the public of the application;(c)broadcasting information regarding the application on a local radio station in a specified language;(d)holding an open day or public meeting to notify and inform affected members of the public of the application;(e)publishing the application on the municipality’s website for the duration of the period within which the public may comment on the application; or(f)obtaining letters of consent or objection to the application, provided that the letters are accompanied by acceptable evidence that the person signing the letter has been provided with correct and adequate information about the application.
(3)Additional public notice can be given simultaneously with notice given in accordance with sections 55 or 56 or thereafter.
(4)The municipality may require the applicant to attend to the publication of a notice as contemplated in subsection (2).
(5)An applicant who gives notice in terms of this section must within the period determined by the municipality of giving notice provide the municipality with proof, as determined by the municipality that notice has been given in accordance with subsection (2).

59. Requirements for petitions

(1)Comments in respect of an application submitted by the public in the form of a petition must clearly state—(a)the contact details of the authorised representative of the signatories of the petition;(b)the full name and physical address of each signatory; and(c)the comments and reasons therefor.
(2)Notice to the person contemplated in subsection (1)(a) constitutes notice to all the signatories to the petition.

60. Requirements for the submission of comments

(1)A person may respond to a notice contemplated in sections 54, 55, 56 or 58 by commenting in writing in accordance with this section.
(2)Any comment made as a result of a notice process must be in writing and addressed to the person mentioned in the notice and must be submitted within the period stated in the notice and in the manner set out in this section.
(3)The comments must state the following:(a)the name of the person concerned;(b)the address or contact details at which the person or body concerned will receive notice or service of documents;(c)the interest of the person in the application; and(d)the reason for the comments.
(4)The reasons for any comment must be set out in sufficient detail in order to—(a)indicate the facts and circumstances that explain the comments;(b)where relevant demonstrate the undesirable effect, the application will have if approved;(c)where relevant demonstrate any aspect of the application that is not considered consistent with applicable policy; and(d)enable the applicant to respond to the comments.
(5)The municipality may refuse to accept comments submitted after the closing date.

61. Intergovernmental participation process

(1)Subject to section 45, of the Land Use Planning Act and section 54 of this by-law, the municipality must, simultaneously with the notification to the applicant that an application is complete as contemplated in section 51(1)(c)(i) or (2) cause notice of the application together with a copy of the application to be given to every municipal department and organ of state that has an interest in the application and request their comment on the application.
(2)An organ of state must comment on an application within 60 days of—(a)the date of notification of a request for comment on the application; or(b)receiving all the information necessary to comment if the application is not complete and a request for additional information is made within 14 days of the date of notification of the request for comment.
(3)If an organ of state fails to comment within the period referred to in subsection (2), the municipality must notify the organ of state’s accounting officer or accounting authority contemplated in the Public Finance Management Act, 1999 (Act 1 of 1999), of the failure.

62. Amendments before approval

(1)An applicant may amend his or her application at any time before the approval of the application(a)at the applicant’s own initiative;(b)as a result of a comment submitted during the notice process; or(c)at the request of the municipality.
(2)If an amendment to an application is material, the municipality must give notice of the amendment of an application to all municipal departments and other organs of state and service providers who commented on the application and request them to submit comments on the amended application within 21 days of the date of notification.
(3)If an amendment to an application is material, the municipality may require that further notice of the application be published or served in terms of section 54, 55, 56 or 58.

63. Further public notice

(1)The municipality may require that notice of an application be given again if more than 18 months have elapsed since the first public notice of the application and if the municipality has not considered the application.
(2)The municipality may, at any stage during the processing of the application if new information comes to its attention that is material to the consideration of the application, require—(a)notice of an application to be given or served again in terms of section 54, 55, 56 or 58; and(b)an application to be re-sent to municipal departments, and where applicable, other organs of state or service providers for comment.

64. Liability for cost of notice

The applicant is liable for the costs of publishing and serving of all notices notice of an application in terms of this by-law.

65. Right of applicant to reply

(1)Copies of all comments and other information submitted to the municipality must be given to the applicant within 14 days after the closing date for public comment together with a notice informing the applicant of his or her rights in terms of this section.
(2)The applicant may, within 30 days from the date on which he or she received the comments, submit a written reply thereto to the municipality.
(3)The applicant may, before the expiry of the period of 30 days referred to in subsection (2), apply to the municipality for an extension of the period to submit a written reply, to an additional period not exceeding 14 days.
(4)If the applicant does not submit a reply within the period of 30 days or within an additional period contemplated in subsection (3) if granted, the applicant is considered to have no comment.
(5)The municipality may in writing request additional information or documents from the applicant as a result of the comments received, and the applicant must supply the information or documents within 30 days of notification of the written request or the further period agreed upon between the applicant and the municipality.
(6)If the applicant fails to provide the additional information or documents within the period contemplated in subsection (5), the municipality must consider the application without the information or documents and notify the applicant accordingly.

66. Written assessment of application

(1)An authorised employee must in writing in accordance with section 75 assess an application and make a recommendation to the decision-maker regarding the approval or refusal of the application.
(2)An assessment of an application must include a motivation for the recommendation and, where applicable, the proposed conditions of approval.

67. Decision-making period

(1)When an authorised employee decides in respect of an application as contemplated in section 79(1) and no integrated process in terms of another law is being followed, the authorised employee must decide on the application within 60 days, reckoned from—(a)the last day for the submission of comments as contemplated in section 60(2) if no comments were submitted;(b)the last day for the submission of the applicant’s reply to comments submitted as contemplated in section 65(2) or (3); or(c)the last day for the submission of additional information as contemplated in section 65(5).
(2)If no integrated process in terms of another law is being followed, as contemplated in subsection (1), the Tribunal must decide on the application within 120 days, calculated from the applicable date contemplated in subsection (1)(a) to (c).
(3)The authorised employee or Tribunal, as the case may be, may extend the period contemplated in subsection (1)(a) to (c) in exceptional circumstances including the following:(a)if an interested person has submitted a petition for intervener status;(b)in the case of the Tribunal, if an oral hearing is to be held.

68. Failure to act within timeframe

Subject to sections 51(5), an applicant may lodge an appeal with the appeal authority if the authorised employee or the tribunal fails to decide on an application within the period referred to in section 67(1) or (2).

69. Powers to conduct routine inspections

(1)An authorised employee or member of the Tribunal may, in accordance with the requirements of this section, enter land or a building to conduct an inspection for the purpose of obtaining information to assess an application in terms of this By-Law and to prepare a written assessment contemplated in section 66.
(2)When conducting an inspection, the authorised employee or member of the Tribunal may—(a)request that any record, document or item that is relevant to the purpose of the investigation be produced to assist in the inspection;(b)make copies of or take extracts from any document produced by virtue of paragraph (a) that is related to the inspection;(c)on providing a receipt, remove a record, document or other item that is related to the inspection; or(d)inspect any building or structure and make enquiries regarding that building or structure.
(3)No person may interfere with a person referred to in subsection (1) who is conducting an inspection as contemplated in subsection (1).
(4)The authorised employee or member of the Tribunal must, on request, produce identification showing that he or she is authorised to conduct the inspection.
(5)An inspection under subsection (1) must take place at a reasonable time after reasonable notice has been given to the owner, occupier or person in lawful control of the land or building and with the written consent of the owner, occupier or person in lawful control of the land or building.

70. Decisions on applications

An employee authorised by virtue of section 79(1), or the tribunal, by virtue of section 79(2), as the case may be, may in respect of an application contemplated in section 25(2)—(a)approve, in whole or in part, or refuse that application;(b)upon the approval of that application, impose conditions in terms of section 76;(c)conduct any necessary inspection to assess an application in terms of section 69;(d)in the case of the Tribunal, appoint a technical adviser to advise or assist in the performance of the Tribunal’s functions in terms of this By-Law.

71. Notification and coming into operation of decision

(1)The municipality must, within 21 days of its decision, in writing notify the applicant and any person whose rights are affected by the decision of the decision, the reasons for the decision and their right to appeal, if applicable.
(2)A notice contemplated in subsection (1) must inform an applicant when an approval comes into operation.
(3)If the owner has appointed an agent, the owner must take steps to ensure that the agent notifies him or her of the decision of the municipality.
(4)An approval comes into operation only after the expiry of the period contemplated in section 89(2) within which an appeal must be lodged if no appeal has been lodged.
(5)Subject to subsection (6), the operation of the approval of an application that is the subject of an appeal is suspended pending the decision of the appeal authority on the appeal.
(6)If an appeal is lodged only against conditions imposed in terms of section 76, the Tribunal or the authorised employee who imposed the conditions may determine that the approval of the application is not suspended.

72. Duties of agent

(1)An agent must ensure that he or she has the contact details of the owner on whose behalf he or she is authorised to act.
(2)An agent may not provide information or make a statement in support of an application which information or statement he or she knows or believes to be misleading, false or inaccurate.

73. Errors and omissions

(1)The municipality may at any time correct an error in the wording of its decision if the correction does not change the decision or result in an alteration, insertion, suspension or deletion of a condition of approval.
(2)The municipality may, on its own initiative or on application by the applicant or interested party, upon good cause shown, condone an error in a procedure, if the condonation does not have a material adverse effect on, or unreasonably prejudice, any party.

74. Exemptions to facilitate expedited procedures

(1)The municipality may in writing and subject to section 60 of the Land Use Planning Act(a)exempt a development from compliance with a provision of this By-Law to reduce the financial or administrative burden of—(i)integrated application processes contemplated in section 54;(ii)the provision of housing with the assistance of a state subsidy; or(iii)incremental upgrading of existing settlements;(b)in an emergency authorise that a development may depart from any of the provisions of this By-Law.
(2)If the Provincial Minister grants an exemption or authorisation to deviate from a provision of the Land Use Planning Act to the municipality in terms of section 60 of the Land Use Planning Act, the municipality is exempted from or authorised to deviate from any provision in this By-Law that corresponds to the provision of the Land Use Planning Act in respect of which an exemption was granted or deviation was authorised.

Chapter VI
Criteria for decision-making

75. General criteria for consideration of applications

When the municipality considers an application, it must have regard to the following:(a)the application submitted in terms of this By-Law;(b)the procedure followed in processing the application;(c)the desirability of the proposed utilisation of land and any guidelines issued by the Provincial Minister regarding the desirability of proposed land uses;(d)the comments in response to the notice of the application, including comments received from organs of state, municipal departments and the Provincial Minister in terms of section 45 of the Land Use Planning Act;(e)the response by the applicant, if any, to the comments referred to in paragraph (d);(f)investigations carried out in terms of other laws that are relevant to the consideration of the application;(g)a written assessment by a registered planner appointed by the municipality in respect of an application for—(i)a rezoning;(ii)a subdivision of more than 20 cadastral units;(iii)a removal, suspension or amendment of a restrictive condition if it relates to a change of land use;(iv)an amendment, deletion or imposition of additional conditions in respect of an existing use right;(v)an approval of an overlay zone contemplated in the Development Management Scheme;(vi)a phasing, amendment or cancellation of a subdivision plan or part thereof;(vii)a closure of a public place or part thereof;(h)the impact of the proposed land development on municipal engineering services;(i)the integrated development plan, including the municipal spatial development framework;(j)the integrated development plan of the district municipality, including its and spatial development framework where applicable;(k)the applicable local spatial development frameworks adopted by the municipality;(l)the applicable structure plans;(m)the applicable policies of the municipality that guide decision-making;(n)the provincial spatial development framework;(o)where applicable, a regional spatial development framework contemplated in section 18 of the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act and provincial regional spatial development framework;(p)the policies, principles and the planning and development norms and criteria set by the national and provincial government;(q)the matters referred to in section 42 of the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act;(r)the principles referred to in Chapter Vl of the Land Use Planning Act; and(s)the applicable provisions of the Development Management Scheme; and(t)any restrictive condition applicable to the land concerned.

76. Conditions of approval

(1)The municipality may approve an application subject to reasonable conditions that arise from the approval of the proposed utilisation of land.
(2)Conditions imposed in accordance with subsection (1) may include conditions relating to—(a)the provision of engineering services and infrastructure;(b)requirements relating to engineering services as contemplated in section 92 and 93;(c)the cession of land or the payment of money;(d)settlement restructuring;(e)agricultural or heritage resource conservation;(f)biodiversity conservation and management;(g)the provision of housing with the assistance of a state subsidy, social facilities or social infrastructure;(h)energy efficiency;(i)requirements aimed at addressing climate change;(j)the establishment of an owners’ association in respect of the approval of a subdivision;(k)the provision of land needed by other organs of state;(l)the endorsement of the Deeds Registries Act in respect of public places where the ownership thereof vests in the municipality;(m)the provision of land needed for public places or the payment of money in lieu of the provision of land for that purpose;(n)the extent of land to be ceded to the municipality for the purpose of a public open space or road as determined in accordance with a policy adopted by the municipality;(o)the registration of public places in the name of the municipality;(p)the transfer of ownership to the municipality of land needed for other public purposes;(q)the implementation of a subdivision in phases;(r)requirements of other organs of state;(s)the submission of a construction management plan to manage the impact of the construction of a new building on the surrounding properties or on the environment;(t)agreements to be entered into in respect of certain conditions;(u)the phasing of a development, including lapsing clauses relating to such phasing;(v)the delimitation of development parameters or land uses that are set for a particular zoning;(w)the setting of a validity period and any extensions thereto;(x)the setting of a period within which a particular condition must be met;(y)any other development requirements for a temporary departure for a specific occasion or event, which must include—(i)parking and the number of ablution facilities required;(ii)the maximum duration or occurrence of the occasional use; and(iii)any other development parameters that the municipality may determine.(z)the payment of a contravention penalty in respect of the unlawful utilisation of land.
(3)If the municipality imposes a condition contemplated in subsection (2)(a) or (b), an engineering services agreement must be concluded between the municipality and the owner of the land concerned before the construction of infrastructure commences on the land.
(4)A condition contemplated in subsection (2)(c) may require only a proportional contribution to municipal public expenditure according to the normal need therefor arising from the approval, as determined by the municipality in accordance with section 93(7) and any other applicable provincial norms and standards.
(5)Municipal public expenditure contemplated in subsection (4) includes but is not limited to municipal public expenditure for municipal service infrastructure and amenities relating to—(a)community facilities, including play equipment, street furniture, crèches, clinics, sports fields, indoor sports facilities or community halls;(b)nature conservation;(c)energy conservation;(d)climate change; or(e)engineering services.
(6)Except for land needed for public places or internal engineering services, any additional land required by the municipality or other organs of state arising from an approved subdivision must be acquired subject to the applicable laws that provide for the acquisition or expropriation of land.
(7)An owners’ association or home owners’ association that came into being by virtue of a condition imposed under the Land Use Planning Ordinance, 1985 (Ordinance 15 of 1985) and that exists immediately before the commencement of this By-Law is regarded as an owners’ association that came into being by virtue of a condition imposed by the municipality in accordance with this By-Law.
(8)The municipality may not approve a land use application subject to a condition that approval in terms of other legislation is required.
(9)Conditions requiring a standard to be met must specifically refer to an approved or published standard.
(10)No conditions may be imposed that rely on a third party for fulfilment.
(11)If the municipality approves a land use application subject to conditions, it must specify which conditions must be complied with before the sale, development or registration of transfer of the land, or the registration of a certificate of registered title or certificate of consolidated title.

Chapter VII
Extension of validity period of approvals

77. Applications for extension of validity period

(1)The Municipality may, on a date before or after the expiry of the validity period of an approval, approve an application for the extension of a validity period imposed in terms of a condition of approval if the application for the extension of the period was submitted before the expiry of the validity period.
(2)When the municipality considers an application in terms of subsection (1), it must have regard to the following:(a)whether the circumstances prevailing at the time of the original approval have materially changed;(b)whether the legislative or policy requirements applicable to the approval that prevailed at the time of the original approval have materially changed; and(c)whether there is a pending review application in court which may influence the date of implementation of the approval.
(3)If there are material changes in circumstances or in legislative or policy requirements that will necessitate new conditions of approval if an extension of a validity period is approved, an application contemplated in section 25(2)(h) must be submitted for consideration before or simultaneously with the application for the extension of a validity period.
(4)The extended validity period takes effect on and is reckoned from the expiry date of the validity period applicable to the original approval or from the expiry date of the previously extended validity period approved in terms of this By-Law.

Chapter VIII
Municipal planning decision-making structures

78. Municipal planning decision-making structures

Applications and appeals are decided by—(a)an authorised employee who has been authorised by the municipality to consider and determine the applications contemplated in subsection 79(1);(b)the Tribunal, where the powers and duties to consider and determine an application have not been delegated to an authorised employee contemplated in section 79(2); or(c)the appeal authority where an appeal has been lodged against a decision of the authorised employee or the Tribunal.

79. Consideration of applications

(1)The municipality may categorise applications for consideration and determination by an authorised employee and must delegate the powers and duties to decide on those applications to that authorised employee.
(2)The Tribunal considers and determines all applications, other than those in respect of which the powers and duties to consider and determine them have been assigned and delegated to an authorised employee in terms of subsection (1).

80. Establishment of Tribunal

(1)The municipality must—(a)establish a Municipal Planning Tribunal for its municipal area;(b)by agreement with one or more municipalities establish a joint Municipal Planning Tribunal; or(c)agree to the establishment of a district Municipal Planning Tribunal by the district municipality.
(2)An agreement referred to in subsection (1)(b) or (c) must provide for—(a)the composition of the Tribunal;(b)the terms and conditions of appointment of members of the Tribunal;(c)the determination of rules and procedures at meetings of the Tribunal; and(d)other matters as may be prescribed in terms of the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act.

81. Composition of Tribunal for municipal area

(1)A Tribunal established in terms of section 80(1)(a) must consist of at least the following members appointed by the Council:(a)three employees in the full-time service of the municipality; and(b)two persons who are not employees of the municipality or councillors.
(2)The members of the Tribunal must have knowledge and experience of land use planning or the law related thereto and be representative of a broad range of appropriate experience and expertise.
(3)A member of the Tribunal appointed in terms of subsection (1)(b)may be(a)an official or employee of(i)any department of state or administration in the national or provincial sphere of government;(ii)a government business enterprise;(iii)a public entity;(iv)organised local government as envisaged in the Constitution;(v)an organisation created by government to provide municipal support;(vi)a non-governmental organisation; or(vii)any other organ of state not provided for in subparagraphs (i) to (iv); or(b)an individual in his or her own capacity.

82. Process for appointment of members for Tribunal for municipal area

(1)The members of the Tribunal referred to in subsection 81(1)(b) may be appointed by the Council only after the municipality has—(a)in the case of an official or employee contemplated in section 81(3)(a), extended a written invitation to nominate an official or employee to serve on the Tribunal to the departments in the national and provincial sphere of government, other organs of state and organisations referred to in section 81(3)(a); and(b)in the case of member contemplated in section 81(3)(b), by notice in a newspaper in circulation in the municipal area, invited interested parties to submit, within the period stated in the notice, names of persons who meet the requirements to be so appointed.
(2)An invitation for nominations must—(a)request sufficient information to enable the municipality to evaluate the knowledge and experience of the nominee;(b)request a written nomination in the form that the municipality determines that complies with subsection (3).(c)permit self-nomination; and(d)provide for a closing date for nominations, which date may not be less than 14 days from the date of publication of the invitation in terms of subsection (1)(b) or the written invitation in terms of subsection (1)(a), and no nominations submitted after that date may be considered by the Municipality.
(3)A nomination in response to an invitation must—(a)provide for acceptance of the nomination by the nominee if it is not a self-nomination;(b)include confirmation by the nominee that he or she is not disqualified from serving as a member in terms of section 84;(c)include agreement by the nominee that the municipality may verify all the information provided by the nominee; and(d)include a statement that the nominee will be obliged to commit to and uphold a code of conduct if her or she is appointed.
(4)If no or insufficient nominations are received or if the nominees do not possess the requisite knowledge and experience or comply with any additional criteria which may have been determined by the municipality, the municipality must invite nominations for a second time and follow the process required for the invitation for nominations referred to in this section.
(5)If after the second invitation for nominations, no or insufficient nominations are received or if the nominees do not possess the requisite knowledge and experience or comply with any additional criteria which may have been determined by the municipality, the executive authority of the municipality must designate persons who possess the requisite knowledge and experience and comply with any additional criteria which may have been determined by the municipality and appoint the person.
(6)Nominations submitted to the municipality by virtue of subsection (1) must be submitted in writing in the form determined by the municipality and must contain the contents referred to in subsection (3).
(7)The municipality must convene an evaluation panel consisting of officials in the employ of the municipality to evaluate nominations that comply with this section as received by the municipality and determine the terms of reference of that evaluation panel.
(8)The Council must appoint the members of the Tribunal after having regard to—(a)the recommendations of the evaluation panel;(b)the knowledge and experience of candidates in respect of land use planning or the law related thereto;(c)the requirement that the members of the Tribunal must be representative of a broad range of appropriate experience and expertise;(d)the powers and duties of the Tribunal; and(e)the policy of the municipality in respect of the promotion of persons previously disadvantaged by unfair discrimination.
(9)The Council may not appoint any person to the Tribunal if that person(a)was not nominated in accordance with the provisions of this section;(b)is disqualified from appointment as contemplated in section 84; or(c)does not possess the knowledge or experience required in terms of section 81(2).
(10)The Council must designate from among the members of the Tribunal(a)the chairperson of the Tribunal; and(b)another member as deputy chairperson, to act as chairperson of the Tribunal when the chairperson is absent or unable to perform his or her duties.
(11)The municipal manager must—(a)inform the members in writing of their appointment;(b)obtain written confirmation from the Council that the Council is satisfied that the Tribunal is able to commence its operations; and(c)after receipt of the confirmation referred to in paragraph (a), publish a notice in the Provincial Gazette of the following:(i)the name of each member of the Tribunal;(ii)the date on which the appointment of each member takes effect;(iii)the term of office of each member; and(iv)the date that the Tribunal will commence its operation.
(12)The Tribunal may commence its operations only after publication of the notice contemplated in subsection (11) (c).

83. Term of office and conditions of service of members of Tribunal for municipal area

(1)member of a Tribunal contemplated in section 80(1) (a) —(a)is appointed for five years or a shorter period as the municipality may determine; and(b)may be appointed for further terms, subject to section 37(1) of the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act.
(2)The office of a member becomes vacant if—(a)the member is absent from two consecutive meetings of the Tribunal without the leave of the chairperson of the Tribunal;(b)the member tenders his or her resignation in writing to the chairperson of the Tribunal, or, if the member who is resigning is the chairperson, to the Council;(c)the member is removed from the Tribunal under subsection (3); or(d)the member dies.
(3)The Council may, after having given the member an opportunity to be heard, remove a member of the Tribunal if—(a)sufficient grounds exist for his or her removal;(b)the member contravenes the code of conduct referred to in section 86;(c)the member becomes subject to a disqualification from membership of the Tribunal as referred to in section 84.
(4)A vacancy on the Tribunal must be filled by the Council in terms of section 81 and 82.
(5)A member who is appointed by virtue of subsection (4) holds office for the unexpired part of the period for which the member he or she replaces was appointed.
(6)Members of the Tribunal referred to in section 81(3)(b) must be appointed on the terms and conditions and must be paid the remuneration and allowances and be reimbursed for expenses, as determined by the Council.
(7)An official of the municipality appointed in terms of section 81(1)(a) as a member of the Tribunal(a)may serve as member of the Tribunal for as long as he or she is in the full-time employ of the municipality;(b)is bound by the conditions of service determined in his or her contract of employment and is not entitled to additional remuneration, allowances, leave or sick leave or any other additional employee benefit as a result of his or her membership on the Tribunal.
(8)A person appointed in terms of section 81(1) (b) as a member of the Tribunal(a)is not an employee on the staff establishment of the municipality;(b)in the case of a person referred to in section 81(3) (a), is bound by the conditions of service determined in his or her contract of employment and is not entitled to additional remuneration, allowances, leave or sick leave or any other employee benefit as a result of his or her membership of the Tribunal;(c)performs the specific tasks in respect of the consideration of an application allocated to him or her by the chairperson of the Tribunal;(d)sits at such meetings of the Tribunal that requires his or her relevant knowledge and experience as determined by the chairperson of the Tribunal;(e)in the case of a person referred to in section 81(3) (b), is entitled to a seating and travel allowance as determined by the municipality for each meeting of the Tribunal that he or she is required to attend; and(f)in the case of a person referred to in section 81(3) (b), is not entitled to overtime, annual leave, sick leave, maternity leave, family responsibility leave, study leave, special leave, a performance bonus, medical scheme contribution, pension, motor vehicle or any other benefit to which a municipal employee is entitled to.
(9)The allowances referred to in subsection (8) (e) are subject to taxation in accordance with the normal tax rules that are issued by the South African Revenue Service.

84. Disqualification from membership of Tribunal

(1)A person may not be appointed or continue to serve as a member of the Tribunal if that person—(a)is not a citizen or permanent resident of the Republic of South Africa;(b)is a member of Parliament, Provincial Legislature, a municipal council or a House of Traditional Leaders;(c)is an unrehabilitated insolvent;(d)has been declared by a court of law to be mentally incompetent or has been detained under the Mental Health Care Act, 2002 (Act 17 of 2002);(e)has at any time been convicted of an offence involving dishonesty;(f)has at any time been removed from an office of trust on account of misconduct;(g)has previously been removed from a tribunal for a breach of the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act or this By-Law;(h)has been found guilty of misconduct, incapacity or incompetence; or(i)fails to comply with the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act or this By-Law.
(2)A member must vacate office if that member becomes subject to a disqualification as contemplated in subsection (1).
(3)A member of a Tribunal(a)must make full disclosure of any conflict of interest, including any potential conflict; and(b)may not attend, participate or vote in any proceedings of the Tribunal in relation to any matter in respect of which the member has a conflict of interest.
(4)For the purposes of this section, a member has a conflict of interest if—(a)the member, a spouse, a family member, partner or business associate of the member is the applicant or has a pecuniary or other interest in the matter before the Tribunal;(b)the member has any other interest that may preclude or may reasonably be perceived as precluding the member from performing the functions of the member in a fair, unbiased and proper manner;(c)the member is an official in the employ of national, provincial or local government, if the department by which such an official is employed, has a direct or substantial interest in the outcome of the matter.
(5)The Council may at any time remove any member of the Tribunal from office—(a)if there are reasonable grounds justifying the removal; or(b)where a member has been disqualified in terms of subsection (1), after giving such a member an opportunity to be heard.
(6)If a member’s appointment is terminated or the member resigns, the Council may appoint a person to fill the vacancy for the unexpired portion of the vacating member’s term of office, in accordance with sections 81 and 82.

85. Meetings of Tribunal for municipal area

(1)Subject to section 88, the Tribunal contemplated in section 80(1)(a) must determine its own internal arrangements, proceedings and procedures and those of its committees by drafting rules for—(a)the convening of meetings;(b)the procedure at meetings; and(c)the frequency of meetings.
(2)The Tribunal may constitute itself to comprise one or more panels to determine—(a)applications in specific geographical areas;(b)applications in specific areas within the municipality; or(c)a particular application or type or category of application.
(3)In this section, section 87 and section 88, unless the context indicates otherwise, ‘the Tribunal" includes a panel of the Tribunal contemplated in subsection (2).
(4)The Tribunal must meet at the time and place determined by the chairperson or in the case of a panel, the presiding officer provided that it must meet at least once per month if there is an application to consider.
(5)If the Tribunal constitutes itself to comprise a panel, the Tribunal must designate at least three members of the Tribunal to be members of that panel, of whom one must at least be a member contemplated in section 81(1) (b).
(6)A quorum for a meeting of the Tribunal is the majority of its appointed members.
(7)A quorum for a meeting of a panel of the Tribunal is—(a)the majority of its designated members or(b)three members, if the panel consist of only three members.
(8)Meetings of the Tribunal or a panel of the Tribunal must be held as contemplated in this section and section 88 in accordance with the rules of the Tribunal.

86. Code of conduct for members of Tribunal for municipal area

(1)The code of conduct in Schedule 1 applies to every member of a Tribunal contemplated in section 81(1).
(2)If a member contravenes the code of conduct, the Council may—(a)in the case of member contemplated in section 81(1) (a), institute disciplinary proceedings against the member;(b)remove the member from office.

87. Administrator for Tribunal for municipal area

(1)The municipal manager must appoint or designate an employee as the Administrator and other staff for the Tribunal contemplated in section 70(1) (a) in terms of the Municipal Systems Act.
(2)The Administrator must—(a)liaise with the relevant Tribunal members and the parties concerned regarding any application to be determined by or other proceedings of the Tribunal;(b)maintain a diary of meetings of the Tribunal;(c)allocate a meeting date for, and application number to, an application;(d)arrange the attendance of members of the Tribunal at meetings;(e)arrange venues for Tribunal meetings;(f)perform the administrative functions in connection with the proceedings of the Tribunal;(g)ensure that the proceedings of the Tribunal are conducted efficiently and in accordance with the directions of the chairperson of the Tribunal;(h)arrange the affairs of the Tribunal to ensure that time is available to liaise with other organs of state regarding the alignment of integrated applications and authorisations;(i)notify the parties concerned of decisions and procedural directives given by the Tribunal;(j)keep a record of all applications submitted to the Tribunal as well as the outcome of each, including—(i)decisions of the Tribunal;(ii)on-site inspections and any matter recorded as a result thereof;(iii)reasons for decisions; and(iv)proceedings of the Tribunal; and(k)keep records by any means as the Tribunal may deem expedient.

88. Functioning of Tribunal for municipal area

(1)The meetings of the Tribunal contemplated in section 85(1)(a) must be held at the times and places as the chairperson may determine.
(2)If an applicant or a person whose rights or legitimate expectations will be affected by the approval of an application, requests to make a verbal representation at a meeting of the Tribunal, he or she must submit a written request to the Administrator at least 5 days before that meeting.
(3)The Chairperson may approve a request contemplated in subsection (2), subject to reasonable conditions.
(4)An application may be considered by the Tribunal by means of—(a)the consideration of the written application and comments; or(b)an oral hearing.
(5)The application may be considered in terms of subsection (4) (a) if it appears to the Tribunal that the issues for determination of the application can be adequately determined in the absence of the parties by considering the documents or other material lodged with or provided to it.
(6)An oral hearing may be held—(a)if it appears to the Tribunal that the issues for determination of the application cannot be adequately determined in the absence of the parties by considering the documents or other material lodged with or provided to it; or(b)if such hearing would assist in the expeditious and fair disposal of the application.
(7)If appropriate in the circumstances, the oral hearing may be held by electronic means.

89. Appeals

(1)The executive mayor is the appeal authority in respect of decisions of the Tribunal or an authorised employee contemplated in sections 78(a) or (b) and a failure to decide on an application as contemplated in section 68.
(2)A person whose rights are affected by a decision contemplated in subsection (1) may appeal in writing to the appeal authority within 21 days of notification of the decision.
(3)An applicant may appeal in writing to the appeal authority in respect of the failure of the Tribunal or an authorised employee to decide within the period contemplated in section 67(1) or (2), any time after the expiry of the period contemplated in those sections.
(4)An appeal is lodged by serving the appeal on the municipal manager in the form determined by the municipality and subject to section 90(1) and, in the case of an appeal contemplated in subsection 89(2), within the period contemplated in subsection 89(2).
(5)When the appeal authority considers an appeal, it must have regard to—(a)the provisions of section 75, read with the necessary changes; and(b)the comments of the Provincial Minister contemplated in section 52 of the Land Use Planning Act.

90. Procedures for appeal

(1)An appeal is invalid if—(a)in the case of an appeal contemplated in section 89(2), it is not lodged within the period referred to in that section;(b)it does not comply with this section; or(c)the applicable application fee is not paid.
(2)An appeal must set out the following—(a)the grounds for the appeal which may include the following grounds:(i)that the administrative action was not procedurally fair as contemplated in the Promotion of Administrative Justice Act, 2000 (Act 3 of 2000);(ii)grounds relating to the merits of the land development or land use application on which the appellant believes the Tribunal or authorised employee erred in concluding that the Tribunal or authorised employee did, as the case may be;(b)whether the appeal is lodged against the whole decision or a part of the decision;(c)if the appeal is lodged against a part of the decision, a description of the part;(d)if the appeal is lodged against a condition of approval, a description of the condition;(e)the factual or legal findings that the appellant relies on;(f)the relief sought by the appellant;(g)any issue that the appellant wishes the appeal authority to consider in making its decision; and(h)in the case of an appeal in respect of the failure of a decision-maker to decide, the facts that prove the failure;
(3)An applicant who lodges an appeal must, within the period referred subsection 89(2), submit proof of payment of appeal fees as may be determined by the municipality to the municipal manager.
(4)An applicant who lodges an appeal must simultaneously serve notice of the appeal on any person who commented on the application concerned and any other person as the municipality may determine.
(5)The notice must be served in accordance with section 45.
(6)The notice contemplated in subsection (5) must invite persons to comment on the appeal within 21 days of the date of notification.
(7)The appellant must submit proof of service of the notice as contemplated in subsection (5) to the municipal manager within 14 days of the date of notification.
(8)If a person other than the applicant lodges an appeal, he or she must submit proof of payment of appeal fees as determined by the municipality to the municipal manager and the mnunicipal manager must give written notice of the appeal to the applicant within 14 days of receipt thereof.
(9)An applicant who has received notice of an appeal in terms of subsection (8) may submit comment on the appeal to the municipal manager within 21 days of the date of notification.
(10)The municipality may refuse to accept any comments on an appeal submitted after the closing date for comments.
(11)The municipal manager(a)may request the Provincial Minister within 14 days of the receipt of an appeal to comment in writing on the appeal within 60 days of receipt of the request;(b)must notify and request the Provincial Minister within 14 days of the receipt of an appeal to comment on the appeal within 60 days of notification of the request in respect of appeals relating to the following applications:(i)a development outside the municipality’s planned outer limit of urban expansion as reflected in its municipal spatial development framework;(ii)if the municipality has no approved municipal spatial development framework, a development outside the physical edge, including existing urban land use approvals, of the existing urban area;(iii)a rezoning of land zoned for agricultural or conservation purposes;(iv)any category of land use applications as may be prescribed by the Provincial Minister; and(c)must on receipt of an appeal in terms of this section notify the applicant in writing whether the operation of the approval of the application is suspended.
(12)An authorised employee must draft a report assessing an appeal and must submit it to the municipal manager within—(a)30 days of the closing date for comment requested in terms of subsection (6) and (9), if no comment was requested in terms of subsection (11); or(b)30 days of the closing date for comments requested in terms of subsection (11).
(13)The Municipal manager must within 14 days of receiving the report contemplated in subsection (12) submit the appeal to the appeal authority.
(14)The municipal manager or an employee designated by him or her must—(a)liaise with the appeal authority and the parties concerned regarding any appeal lodged with the appeal authority;(b)maintain a diary of meetings of the appeal authority;(c)allocate a meeting date for, and appeal number to, an appeal;(d)arrange the attendance of members of the appeal authority at meetings;(e)arrange venues for the appeal authority;(f)perform the administrative functions in connection with the proceedings of the appeal authority;(g)ensure that the proceedings of the appeal authority are conducted efficiently and in accordance with the directions of the appeal authority;(h)arrange the affairs of the appeal authority to ensure that time is available to liaise with other organs of state regarding the alignment of integrated appeal procedures;(i)notify the parties concerned of decisions and procedural directives given by the appeal authority;(j)keep a record of all appeals lodged as well as the outcome of each, including—(i)decisions of the appeal authority;(ii)on-site inspections and any matter recorded as a result thereof;(iii)reasons for decisions; and(iv)proceedings of the appeal authority; and(k)keep records by any means as the appeal authority may deem expedient.
(15)An appellant may, at any time before the appeal authority decides on an appeal submitted by the appellant, withdraw the appeal by giving written notice of the withdrawal to the municipal manager.
(16)The appellant must in writing inform the municipality if he or she has withdrawn the power of attorney given to his or her former agent and confirm whether he or she will personally proceed with the appeal.

91. Consideration by appeal authority

(1)An appeal may be considered by the appeal authority by means of—(a)the consideration of the written appeal and comments; or(b)an oral hearing.
(2)The appeal may be considered in terms of subsection (1) (a) if it appears to the appeal authority that the issues for determination of the appeal can be adequately determined in the absence of the parties by considering the documents or other material lodged with or provided to it.
(3)An oral hearing may be held—(a)if it appears to the appeal authority that the issues for determination of the appeal cannot be adequately determined in the absence of the parties by considering the documents or other material lodged with or provided to it; or(b)if such hearing would assist in the expeditious and fair disposal of the appeal.
(4)If appropriate in the circumstances, the oral hearing may be held by electronic means.
(5)If the appeal authority decides to hold an oral hearing, any party to the appeal proceedings may appear in person or may be represented by another person.
(6)The appeal authority must ensure that every party to a proceeding before the appeal authority is given an opportunity to present his or her case, whether in writing or orally as contemplated in subsections (2) and (3) and, in particular, to inspect any documents to which the appeal authority proposes to have regard in reaching a decision in the proceeding and to submit comments thereon in accordance with this Chapter or, in the case of an oral hearing to submit comments in relation to those documents.
(7)The appeal authority must—(a)consider and determine all appeals lawfully submitted to it;(b)confirm, vary or revoke the decision of the Tribunal or authorised employee;(c)provide reasons for any decision made by it;(d)give directions relevant to its functions to the municipality;(e)keep a record of all its proceedings; and(f)determine whether the appeal falls within its jurisdiction.
(8)Subject to subsection (12), the appeal authority must decide on an appeal within 60 days of receipt of the assessment report as contemplated in section 90(13).
(9)If the appeal authority revokes a decision of the Tribunal or authorised employee it may—(a)remit the matter to the Tribunal or authorised employee(i)if there was an error in the process which is unfair and which cannot be corrected by the appeal authority; and(ii)with instructions regarding the correction of the error; or(b)replace the decision with any decision it regards necessary.
(10)The appeal authority may appoint a technical adviser to advise or assist it regarding a matter forming part of the appeal.
(11)The appeal authority must within 21 days from the date of its decision notify the parties to an appeal in writing of—(a)the decision and the reasons therefore; and(b)if the decision on an appeal upholds an approval, notify the applicant in writing that he or she may act on the approval.
(12)The appeal authority may extend the period contemplated in subsection (8) in exceptional circumstances including the following:(a)if an interested person has submitted a petition for intervener status;(b)if an oral hearing is to be held.

Chapter IX
Provision of engineering services

92. Responsibility for provision of engineering services

(1)An applicant is responsible for the provision, installation and costs of internal engineering services required for a development once an application is approved.
(2)The municipality is responsible for the provision and installation of external engineering services.
(3)If the municipality is not the provider of an engineering service, the applicant must satisfy the municipality that adequate arrangements have been made with the relevant service provider for the provision of that service.
(4)The municipality may enter into a written agreement with an applicant to provide that—(a)the applicant is responsible for the provision, installation and costs of external engineering service instead of paying the applicable development charges; or(b)the applicant is responsible for the provision, installation and costs of external engineering service and that the fair and reasonable costs of the external engineering service may be set off against the development charges payable by the applicant.

93. Development charges and other contributions

(1)The applicant must pay development charges to the municipality in respect of the provision and installation of external engineering services.
(2)These external engineering services for which development charges are payable must be set out in a policy adopted and annually reviewed by the municipality.
(3)The amount of the development charges payable by an applicant must be calculated in accordance with the policy adopted by the municipality.
(4)The date by which development charges must be paid and the means of payment must be specified in the conditions of approval.
(5)The development charges imposed are subject to escalation at the rate calculated in accordance with the policy on development charges.
(6)The municipal manager must annually submit a report to the Council on the development charges paid to the municipality, together with a statement of the expenditure of the amount and the purpose of the expenditure.
(7)When determining the contribution contemplated in section 76(4) and (5), the municipality must have regard to provincial norms and standards as well as—(a)the municipal service infrastructure and amenities for the land concerned that are needed for the approved land use;(b)the public expenditure on that infrastructure and those amenities incurred in the past and that facilitates the approved land use;(c)the public expenditure on that infrastructure and those amenities that may arise from the approved land use;(d)money in respect of contributions contemplated in section 76(4) paid in the past by the owner of the land concerned; and(e)money in respect of contributions contemplated in section 76(4) to be paid in the future by the owner of the land concerned.

94. Land for parks, open spaces, parking and other uses

(1)When the municipality approves an application for the use of land for residential purposes, the municipality may require the applicant to provide land for parks, public open spaces or parking in terms of conditions of approval imposed in accordance with section 76.
(2)The extent of land required for parks, public open spaces or parking is determined by the municipality in accordance with a policy adopted by the municipality.
(3)The land required for parks, public open spaces or parking must be provided within the land area of the application or may, with the consent of the municipality, be provided elsewhere within the municipal area.
(4)When an application is approved without the required provision of land for parks, open spaces or parking within the land area of the development, the applicant may be required to pay money to the municipality in lieu of the provision of land.

Chapter X
Enforcement

95. Enforcement

(1)The municipality must comply and enforce compliance with—(a)the provisions of this By-Law;(b)the provisions of a Development Management Scheme;(c)conditions imposed in terms of this By-Law or any law repealed by the Land Use Planning Act.
(2)The municipality may not do anything that conflicts with subsection (1).

96. Offences and penalties

(1)A person may be accused of an offence and is liable upon conviction to a fine or imprisonment or to both a fine and such imprisonment if he or she—(a)contravenes or fails to comply with sections 25(1), 25(5), 30(1), 31(4), 41(1), 69(3), 72(2) or 98(2);(b)utilises land in a manner other than prescribed by a Development Management Scheme without the approval of the municipality;(c)upon registration of the transfer of ownership of the first land unit arising from a subdivision, to a person other than the developer, fails to transfer all common property arising from the subdivision to the owners’ association;(d)supplies information or answers in an application, or in an appeal against a decision on an application, or in any documentation or representation related to an application or an appeal, knowing it to be false, incorrect or misleading or not believing them to be correct;(e)falsely professes to be an authorised employee or the interpreter or assistant of an authorised employee;(f)hinders or interferes with an authorised employee in the exercise of any power or the performance of any duty of that employee; or(g)fails to comply with a notice issued in terms of section 97 of this By-Law.
(2)An owner who permits his or her land to be used in a manner set out in subsection (1) (b) and who does not cease that use or take reasonable steps to ensure that the use ceases, is guilty of an offence and liable upon conviction to a fine or imprisonment or to both a fine and such imprisonment.
(3)Failure to comply with a notice, direction or instruction referred to in this By-Law constitutes a continuing offence and in such case the offender is liable to a fine for every day such offence continues.
(4)The municipality may adopt fines and contravention penalties that may be imposed in the enforcement of this By-Law.

97. Serving of compliance notices

(1)The municipality must serve a compliance notice on a person if it has reasonable grounds to suspect that the person is guilty of an offence in terms of section 96.
(2)A compliance notice must instruct the person to cease the unlawful utilisation of land or construction activity or both, without delay or within the period determined by the municipality, and may include an instruction to—(a)demolish, remove or alter any building, structure or work unlawfully erected or constructed or to rehabilitate the land or restore the building concerned to its original form or to cease the activity, as the case may be, within the period determined by the municipal manager;(b)apply for the approval of the utilisation of the land or construction activity in terms of this By-Law within 30 days of the service of the compliance notice and to pay the contravention penalty within 30 days of the approval of the utilisation; or(c)rectify the contravention of or non-compliance with a condition of approval within a specified period.
(3)A person who has received a compliance notice with an instruction contemplated in subsection (2) (a) may not apply in terms of subsection (2)(b).
(4)An instruction to apply in terms of subsection (2) (b) must not be construed as an indication that the application will be approved.
(5)If the application submitted in terms of subsection (2) (b) is refused, the owner must demolish, remove or alter the building, structure or work unlawfully erected or constructed and rehabilitate the land or restore the building.
(6)A person who received a compliance notice in terms of this section may object to the notice by submitting written representations to the municipality within 30 days of the date of notification.

98. Contents of compliance notice

(1)A compliance notice must—(a)identify the person to whom it is addressed;(b)describe the alleged unlawful utilisation of land or construction activity and the land on which it is occurring or has occurred;(c)state that the utilisation of land or construction activity is unlawful and inform the person of the particular offence contemplated in section 96 which that person allegedly has committed or is committing by the continuation of that activity on the land;(d)state the steps that the person must take and the period within which those steps must be taken;(e)state anything which the person may not do and the period during which the person may not do it;(f)make provision for the person to submit representations in terms of section 99 with the contact person stated in the notice; and(g)issue a warning to the effect that—(i)the person may be prosecuted for and convicted of an offence contemplated in section 96;(ii)on conviction of an offence, the person will be liable for the penalty as provided for;(iii)the person may be required by an order of court to demolish, remove or alter any building, structure or work unlawfully erected or constructed or to rehabilitate the land or restore the building concerned or to cease the activity;(iv)in the case of a contravention relating to a consent use or temporary departure, the approval may be withdrawn; and(v)in the case of an application for authorisation of the activity or development parameter, the contravention penalty in the amount as stated in the notice, including any costs incurred by the municipality, may be imposed.
(2)Any person on whom a compliance notice is served must comply with that notice within the period stated in the notice unless the person has objected to the notice in terms of section 99 and the municipality has not decided on the matter in terms of that section or the municipality has agreed to suspend the operation of the compliance notice in terms of section 99(2).

99. Objections to compliance notice

(1)Any person who receives a compliance notice in terms of section 97 may object to the notice by making written representations to the municipality within 30 days of the date of notification.
(2)After consideration of any objections or representations made in terms of subsection (1) and any other relevant information, the municipality(a)may suspend, confirm, vary or withdraw the compliance notice or any part of the compliance notice; and(b)must specify the period within which the person to whom the compliance notice is addressed must comply with any part of the compliance notice that is confirmed or varied.

100. Failure to comply with compliance notice

If a person fails to comply with a compliance notice, the municipality may—(a)lay a criminal charge against the person;(b)apply to a competent court for an order—(i)restraining that person from continuing the unlawful utilisation of the land;(ii)directing that person to, without the payment of compensation—(aa)demolish, remove or alter any building, structure or work unlawfully erected or constructed; or(bb)rehabilitate the land concerned;(c)in the case of consent use or a temporary departure, withdraw the approval granted and take any of the steps contemplated in section 98(1)(g).

101. Compliance certificates

(1)An authorised employee who is satisfied that the owner or occupier of any land or premises has complied with a compliance notice may issue a certificate, in the manner and form determined by the municipality, to confirm the compliance.
(2)The authorised employee must submit a report to the municipality regarding his or her findings contemplated in subsection (1) and the issuing of a compliance certificate.

102. Urgent matters

(1)The municipality does not have to comply with sections 97(6), 98(1)(f) and 99 in a case where an unlawful utilisation of land must be stopped urgently and may issue a compliance notice calling upon the person or owner to cease the unlawful utilisation of land immediately.
(2)If the person or owner fails to cease the unlawful utilisation of land immediately, the municipality may apply to a competent court for an urgent interdict or any other relief necessary.

103. General powers and functions of authorised employees

(1)An authorised employee may, with the written consent of the owner, occupier or person in lawful control of the land or building without a warrant and after reasonable notice has been given, enter upon land or premises or enter a building at any reasonable time for the purpose of ensuring compliance with this By-Law.
(2)An authorised employee must be in possession of proof that he or she has been designated as an authorised employee for the purposes of subsection (1).
(3)An authorised employee may be accompanied by an interpreter, a police official or any other person who may be able to assist with the inspection.

104. Powers of entry, search and seizure

(1)In ensuring compliance with this By-Law, an authorised employee in accordance with section 103(a)question any person on land or premises entered upon or in a building entered, who, in the opinion of the authorised employee, may be able to provide information on a matter that relates to an investigation regarding an offence in terms of, or contravention of this By-Law;(b)question any person on that land or those premises or in that building about any act or omission in respect of which there is a reasonable suspicion that it constitutes—(i)an offence in terms of this By-Law;(ii)a contravention of this By-Law; or(iii)a contravention of an approval or a term or condition of that approval;(c)question that person about any structure, object, document, book, record, written or electronic information or inspect any structure, object, document, book, record or written or electronic information which may be relevant for the purpose of the investigation;(d)copy or make extracts from any document, book, record, written or electronic information referred to in paragraph (c), or remove that document, book, record or written or electronic information in order to make copies thereof or extracts therefrom;(e)require that person to produce or deliver to a place specified by the authorised employee any document, book, record, written or electronic information referred to in paragraph (c) for inspection;(f)examine that document, book, record, written or electronic information or make a copy thereof or an extract therefrom;(g)require from that person an explanation of any entry in that document, book, record, written or electronic information;(h)inspect any article, substance, plant or machinery which is or was on the land, or any work performed on the land or any condition prevalent on the land, or remove for examination or analysis any article, substance, plant or machinery or a part or sample thereof;(i)take photographs or make audio-visual recordings of anything or any person on that land or those premises or in that building relevant to the purposes of the investigation; or(j)seize a book, record, written or electronic information referred to in paragraph (c) or article, substance, plant or machinery referred to in paragraph (h) or a part or sample thereof that in his or her opinion may serve as evidence at the trial of the person to be charged with an offence under this By-Law or the common law, provided that the user of the article, substance, plant or machinery on the land or premises or in the building concerned may make copies of that book, record or document before the seizure.
(2)When an authorised employee removes or seizes any article, substance, plant or machinery, book, record or other document as contemplated in this section, he or she must issue a receipt to the owner or person in control thereof.
(3)An authorised employee may not have a direct or indirect personal or private interest in the matter to be investigated.

105. Warrant of entry for enforcement purposes

(1)A judge of a High Court or a magistrate for the district in which the land is situated may, at the request of the municipality, issue a warrant to enter upon the land or premises or building if—(a)the prior permission of the occupier or owner cannot be obtained after reasonable attempts; or(b)the purpose of the inspection would be frustrated by the occupier or owner’s prior knowledge thereof.
(2)A warrant may be issued only if it appears to the Judge or Magistrate from information on oath or affirmation that there are reasonable grounds for believing that—(a)an authorised employee has been refused entry to land or a building that he or she is entitled to inspect;(b)an authorised employee will be refused entry to land or a building that he or she is entitled to inspect;(c)an offence contemplated in section 96 is occurring or has occurred and an inspection of the premises is likely to yield information pertaining to that offence; or(d)the inspection is reasonably necessary for the purposes of this By-Law.
(3)A warrant must authorise the municipality to enter upon the land or premises or to enter the building to take any of the measures referred to in section 104 as specified in the warrant, on one occasion only, and that entry must occur—(a)within one month of the date on which the warrant was issued; and(b)at a reasonable time, except where the warrant was issued on grounds of urgency.

106. Regard to decency and order

The entry upon land or premises or in a building under this Chapter must be conducted with strict regard to decency and order, which must include regard to—(a)a person’s right to respect for and protection of his or her dignity;(b)the right to freedom and security of the person; and(c)a person’s right to personal privacy.

107. Enforcement litigation

Whether or not the municipality lays criminal charges against a person for an offence contemplated in section 96, and despite section 97, the municipality may apply to a competent court for an interdict or any other appropriate order, including an order compelling that person to—(a)demolish, remove or alter any building, structure or work unlawfully erected or constructed;(b)rehabilitate the land concerned; or(c)cease the unlawful utilisation of land.

Chapter XI
Miscellaneous

108. Naming and numbering of streets

(1)If as a result of the approval of a development application streets or roads are created, whether public or private, the municipality must approve the naming of streets and must allocate a street number to each of the erven or land units located in such street or road.
(2)The proposed names of the streets and numbers must be submitted as part of an application for subdivision.
(3)In considering the naming of streets, the municipality must consider the relevant policies regarding street naming and numbering.
(4)The municipality must notify the Surveyor-General of the approval of new streets as a result of the approval of an amendment or cancellation of a subdivision plan in terms of section 33 and the Surveyor-General must endorse the records of the Surveyor-General’s Office to reflect the amendment or cancellation of the street names on an approved general plan.

109. Transitional arrangements

(1)Anything done under or in terms of any provision repealed by this By-Law shall be deemed to have been done under the corresponding provisions of this By-Law and the repeal in section 110 shall not affect the validity of anything done under the By-Law so repealed.
(2)Anything done prior to promulgation of this By-Law, which was not done in terms of a provision repealed in this By-Law and was unlawful, shall in the event of such act still not complying with the provisions of this By-Law, be unlawful and the municipality in such a case may take the necessary action in terms of Chapter X.
(3)Any land use planning steps taken or applications made prior to the commencement of this By-Law, in terms of the Swartland Municipality: Municipal Land Use Planning By-Law, (PG 7741 of 3 March 2017) repealed by this By-Law and which have not been finalized immediately before the commencement of this By-Law be dealt with as if this By-Law is not in force.

110. Repeal and replacement

The Municipal Land Use Planning By-law of Swartland Municipality, published in the Provincial Gazette Extraordinary, No. 7741. Dated 3 March 2017, is hereby repealed as a whole.

111. Short title and commencement

This by-law is called the Swartland Municipality: Municipal Land Use Planning By-Law—2020 and comes into operation on the date of publication thereof in the Provincial Gazette.

Schedule 1

Code of conduct for members of the Tribunal

1. General conduct

A member of the tribunal must always —(a)act in accordance with the principles of accountability and transparency; and(b)disclose his or her personal interests in any decision to be made in the planning process in which he or she serves or has been requested to serve;(c)abstain completely from direct or indirect participation as an advisor in any matter in which he or she has a personal interest and leave any chamber in which such matter is under deliberation unless the personal interest has been made a matter of public record and the Council has given written approval and has expressly authorised his or her participation.

2. A member of the tribunal may not—

(a)use his or her position or privileges as Tribunal member or confidential information obtained as a Tribunal member, for private gain or to improperly benefit another person; or(b)participate as a decision maker concerning a matter in which that Tribunal member or that member’s spouse, family member, partner or business associate, has a direct or indirect personal interest or private business interest.

3. Gifts

A member of the tribunal may not receive or seek gifts, favours or any other offer when it might reasonably be inferred that the gifts, favours or offers are intended or expected to influence that member’s objectivity as an advisor or decision-maker in the planning process.

4. Undue influence

A member of the tribunal may not—(a)use the power of his or her office to seek or obtain special advantage for private gain or to improperly benefit another person that is not in the public interest;(b)use confidential information acquired in the course of his or her duties to further a personal interest;(c)disclose confidential information acquired in the course of his or her duties unless required by law to do so or by circumstances to prevent substantial prejudice or damage to another person; or(d)commit a deliberately wrongful act that reflects adversely on the Tribunal, the municipality, the government or the planning profession by seeking business by stating or implying that he or she is prepared, willing or able to influence decisions of the Tribunal by improper means.

Schedule 2

Swartland Municipality Develompment Management Scheme

Definitions and interpretation

Woordomskrywings

In this Development Management Scheme, unless the context indicates otherwise:Aabattoir, means a place where animals including poultry or sea-animals, are slaughtered and prepared for distribution to butcheries and food markets;access gate, means a prominent access to or exit from an urban area or a specific part of an urban area which features man- made or natural characteristics and creates a strong feeling of arrival or departure;access steps and porches, means access steps and porches for a building, including low walls and railings, if such steps and porches are not located within the retaining walls of the building;activity corridor, means an area of generally higher intensity urban use or land suitable for intensification, parallel to and on both sides of an activity spine, and includes any higher order transport routes such as railway lines and thoroughfares;activity spine, means a public street, incorporating an existing or planned public transport route, and adjacent land used or intended for mixed use development;additional dwelling unit, means a dwelling unit that may be erected on an agricultural land unit where a permitted dwelling has first been erected, in a zone where ‘additional dwelling unit’ is a consent use, provided that:(a)the additional dwelling unit shall be erected on the same cadastral unit as the dwelling that has first been erected;(b)the additional dwelling unit shall comply with the other relevant requirements specified in this Development Management Scheme;(c)the additional dwelling unit must have a lesser floor area than the dwelling that has first been erected;(d)in the Agricultural Zones 1 and 3 a maximum of one additional dwelling unit can be permitted if the extent of the cadastral unit does not exceed 10 ha, or if it does exceed 10 ha, then a maximum of 2, 3, 4 or 5 additional dwelling units will be permitted if the extent of the cadastral unit exceeds 10, 20, 30 or 40 ha respectively;(e)no alienation of additional dwelling units will be permitted whether by cadastral subdivision or sectional title.adult entertainment enterprise, means an establishment where films, photographs, books or magazines are hired or sold for payment, or where pornographic live performances occur for payment with the focus on the display or description of pornographic or erotic sexual activities or human genitals and includes an escort agency and a massage parlour, except a massage enterprise where massaging for medical or sport purposes is practised by a registered medical practitioner or similar professional person;advertise, with regard to a matter in terms of this Development Management Scheme, means to serve a notice to each owner of land having an interest in the matter in the opinion of the municipal manager and whose address he knows or is able to obtain and, if the said municipal manager so decides, to publish a notice in the Provincial Gazette and in the press wherein:(a)the location where and the hours during which particulars of the matter will be available for inspection, are indicated, and(b)it is mentioned that objections may be lodged with a person as indicated before a date which is also indicated, at a time which is at least 21 days after the date on which the notice is so served or published,and "advertisement" unless otherwise indicated has a corresponding meaning;advertisement, when used in the context of outdoor advertising, means any visible representation of a word, name, letter, figure or object or an abbreviation of a word or name of any sign or symbol, or light which is not intended solely for illumination or warning against danger;advertisement structure, means any physical structure constructed to display an advertisement;Advertising on Roads and Ribbon Development Act, means the Advertising on Roads and Ribbon Development Act, 1940 (Act 21 of 1940);agriculture, means the cultivation of land for crops and other plants, or the keeping and breeding of animals, including sea animals, including oysters and abalone, or the operation of a game farm, including use on an intensive basis of the natural veld or land, and includes only such activities and buildings (including those for accommodation), as are reasonably connected with the main farming activities, but excludes an agricultural industry;agricultural industry, means a business or an enterprise for the treatment and processing of agricultural products on or separate from the farm unit where those agricultural products are grown, due to the nature, perishability or fragility of such agricultural products, and includes, inter alia, wineries tasting and selling facilities, distilleries, breweries and farm packing stores, but does not include service trades;agri-village, means a private settlement of restricted size, established and managed as a lawful enterprise in a rural area and where tenure is restricted to bona fide rural workers and their dependants, from the farms and forestry or conservation areas in the vicinity of the development. Security of tenure does not include the right of ownership but can include a Trust, Communal Property Association or Sectional Title. The development of agri-villages represents a partnership between land owners, labourers and the state;air rights or underground rights, means rights to development, of a defined space above or below a public street, railway line or land area utilised by another mode of transport usage, for specific purposes;animal clinic, means a place where animals are treated, but does not include overnight facilities;animal hospital, means a place where animals are treated and cared for, which includes overnight facilities;antenna, means any system of wires, poles, rods, reflective surfaces, satellite dish, TV antenna or similar devices, used to transmit or receive electronic communication signals or electro-magnetic waves;appeal, means an application to the competent authority for review of a decision made;aquaculture, means the cultivation of water fauna and flora in artificially constructed dams including nets and containers in natural ponds and streams;area of control, when used in the context of outdoor advertisement, means an area where advertising control must be applied, such as maximum, partial or minimum control, in accordance with the visual sensitivity of the area and the traffic safety conditions;associated, when used in the context of an associated use or purpose, means a use, purpose, building or activity which is ancillary and subservient to the lawful dominant use of the land, and "associate" has the same meaning;atrium, means a covered courtyard comprising a void within a building that extends for one storey or more in height, but does not contain floors that penetrate the void; an atrium contains a floor and a roof or ceiling;authority usage, means a use which is practised by or on behalf of a public authority and the characteristics of which are such that it cannot be classified or defined under the other uses of this Development Management Scheme, and includes a use practised by:the State, such as military training centres and installations, police stations, correctional institutions or jails;(a)the Provincial Government, such as road stations or road camps;(b)the municipality, such as fire services, wastewater treatment works, waste control sites, reservoirs, composting installations or water purification works or a municipal office with related uses such as accommodation for staff who are required to be on standby for emergencies, or(c)a public utility, such as a telecommunication facility;average depth, in relation to a land unit, means:(a)the average perpendicular distance between a public street or road and the points at which the side boundaries meet the rear boundary, or(b)in the case of a corner site, the average perpendicular distance between the public street or road and the point at which the side boundaries meet, or(c)in the case of a panhandle site or a very irregular shaped land unit, the average depth as determined by the municipality;average width, in relation to a land, unit means:(a)the average of the length of the street boundary and the rear boundary, or(b)in the case of a corner site, the average of the length of the shortest street boundary or the opposite side boundary, or(c)in the case of a panhandle site or a very irregular shaped land unit, the average width as determined by the municipality;Bbalcony, means a floor projecting outside a building at a level higher than that of the ground floor, enclosed only by low walls, railings or by main containing walls of rooms abutting such projecting floor, and includes a roof, if any, over such a floor and pillars supporting the roof;basement, means part of a building of where the finished floor level is at least 2m below natural ground level, or the ceiling not more than 1m above, a height halfway between the highest and lowest natural ground level immediately contiguous to the building;base zone, means that zone which determines the basic land use and land use provisions for land in terms of this, before the application of any overlay zone;bed and breakfast establishment, means a dwelling or second dwelling unit in which the occupant of the dwelling unit provides lodging and meals for compensation to transient guests who have permanent residence elsewhere, provided that:(a)the dominant use of the dwelling unit concerned shall remain for the living accommodation of a single family, and(b)the land unit complies with the provisions pertaining to a bed and breakfast establishment;billboard, means any screen or board bigger than 4,5m² supported by a freestanding structure, which is to be used or is intended to be used for the purpose of posting, displaying or exhibiting an advertisement, which is also commonly known as an advertising board, whose main function is to advertise non-locality bound products, activities or services;bioregion, means a geographical area that contains an entire ecosystem or several established ecosystems characterised by particular landforms, vegetative cover, human culture and history;biosphere reserve, means areas of land, coastal or marine ecosystems or a combination thereof, which are internationally recognised within the framework of the Man and Biosphere Programme of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO);boarding house, means a building, where lodging is provided with or without meals, together with the outbuildings as are normally used therewith, and includes an old age home, a building in which rooms are rented for residential purposes and a residential club, but does not include a dwelling, group housing, a double dwelling, an institution, a place of education, a hotel, a bed and breakfast establishment or flats;boat launching facility, means land used to launch boats into the water and to retrieve boats from the water and includes a boat ramp and slipway;bottle store, means premises where alcoholic drinks are sold primarily in the retail trade on an off-sales basis, and includes an off-sales facility which is under the same management as a licensed hotel;boundary, in relation to a land unit, means one of the cadastral lines separating such unit from another land unit or from a public street or road;builder’s yard, means premises used for the storage of material and equipment which:(a)is required or is normally used for construction work;(b)was obtained from demolition of structures or from excavations of land, or(c)is necessary for or is normally used in land improvements, such as storage of material used for building roads, for the installation of essential services, or for any other construction work (e.g. of sand or bricks), whether for public or private purposes;building, without in any way limiting its ordinary meaning, includes:(a)any roofed structure;(b)any external stairs, steps or landings of a building and any gallery, canopy, balcony, stoep, verandah, porch or similar feature of a building;(c)any walls or railings enclosing any feature referred to in (ii); and(d)any other portion of a building;building line, means an imaginary line on a land unit, which defines a distance from a specified boundary, within which the construction of buildings or structures (excluding a boundary fence) are completely or partially prohibited;business premises, means a building or land from which business is conducted, and includes a shop, supermarket, restaurant, office, financial institution and buildings for similar uses, but does not include a place of assembly, place of entertainment, institution, service station, motor repair garage, industry, industrial hive, noxious trade, risk activity, adult entertainment enterprise or bottle store;Ccadastral line, means a line representing the official boundary of a and unit as registered in the Deeds Office or as a record on a diagram or general plan approved by the Surveyor General;camping site, means land on which tents and caravans are utilised as accommodation for visitors, and includes ablution, cooking area, barbeque and other facilities for the use of such visitors;caravan, means a vehicle which has been well equipped for use by persons for living or sleeping purposes, regardless of whether such vehicle is a trailer or not and which can be readily moved;caravan park, means a land unit or part thereof where tents or caravans for short-term holiday accommodation have been planned for and can be accommodated, and includes ablution, cooking and other facilities for the occupants of the caravans;carriageway crossing, means a motor vehicle entrance or exit way, or a combined entrance and exit way, from a land unit to a public road;carport, means a roofed structure, for the housing of motor vehicles, which is open at the entrance and on at least one other side;car wash, means a building or structure equipped for the purpose of washing motor vehicles;cellular telecommunication infrastructure, means, but is not limited to, one of the following:(a)an antenna support structure including any solid or lattice structure, mast pole, monopole, anchor tower, lattice tower, freestanding tower or any structure designed and primarily used to support the antenna;(b)antenna structures including any system for wires, poles, rods or similar devices used for the transmission or reception of electromagnetic waves, attached to a building or mast, and includes cabling between the equipment room and the antenna;(c)a base station site including the land, antenna support structures, and all associated infrastructure such as the antenna, microwave dish, equipment room and access road;(d)an equipment room including a structure to house cellular telecommunication equipment associated with an antenna support structure and/or antenna, which may be a separate building used exclusively for the equipment or may be a container, room or multiple rooms within a building with another specific use, or(e)microwave dishes including any device incorporating a reflective surface that is solid, open mesh, or bar configured in the shape of a shallow dish, cone, horn or something similar, and is used to transmit and/or receive electromagnetic waves;cemetery, means a place where the dead are buried and may include buildings that are necessary for the religious, administrative and clerical uses associated therewith, but does not include a crematorium;clinic, means an institution where patients are given medical treatment or medical-related advice, and may include a medical centre, an outpatients’ centre or a wellness centre with associated uses, provided that a clinic does not contain live-in facilities for more than twenty persons, including staff and patients;commencement date, means the date of commencement of this Development Management Scheme;commercial antenna, means a facility, incorporating a high mast, for the transmission and/or receiving of electromagnetic waves, and includes a television station, a radio station and a cellular communication tower;commercial pet kennel, means kennel services for dogs, cats and similar animals, and includes commercial breeding or boarding kennels, pet motels and training centres;common boundary, in relation to a land unit, means a common boundary with an adjoining land unit and does not include a street boundary;composting, the creation and sale of fertiliser that is allowed to form out of the storing and special treatment of organic residue;conference facility, means a place of gathering, which also supplies meals, and which normally is an additional activity to a primary function such as a hotel, guest house or restaurant, and where the building restrictions will be those of the primary function, except that additional parking may be required;consent, means special permission granted by the municipality, after due consideration of the relevant facts and after a reasonable and lawful process has been followed, in terms of which a specific type of land use or activity is permitted, in addition to the primary use rights applicable to the land concerned;consent use, means an additional use right or a variation of a development management provision that is permitted in terms of the provisions in a particular zone, only with the consent of the municipality;conservational usage, means the use and/or maintenance of land in its natural state with the purpose of conserving the biophysical properties of the land, including the flora and fauna occurring on the land;conservation worthy, when used in the context of a heritage area, means the level of cultural or historical significance of a place and its relative value for conservation, as determined by the municipality;conservation worthy tree, means a protected tree listed under section 12 of the National Forest Act, 1998 (Act 84 of 1998), i.e. a tree taller than 6m, and a tree with a trunk circumference of more than 1,5m measured 1m from the ground, and that was not declared an invader plant within the western cape under section 2(3) of the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act, 1983 (Act 43 of 1983);correctional institution, means a building where children are housed and trained on instruction by a court of law, and includes a reformatory, place of detention or industrial school, but does not include a jail;coverage, means the total area of a land unit that may be covered by buildings, expressed as a percentage of the net area of such land unit, and shall include:(a)walls and buildings;(b)solid roofs;(c)stairs, steps, landings (except entrance landings and steps), galleries, passages and similar features, whether internal or external, and(d)canopies, verandahs, porches, balconies, terraces and similar features, provided that the following portions of buildings shall be disregarded in the calculation of coverage:(i)stoeps, entrance steps and landings;(ii)cornices, chimney breasts, pergolas, flower boxes, water pipes, drainpipes and minor decorative features not projecting more than 0,5m from the wall of the building;(iii)eaves not projecting more than 1 m from the wall of a building, and(iv)a basement, provided that the basement ceiling does not project above the finished ground level;crèche, means a facility for the day care of young children in the absence of their parents, and may provide care for more children than are permitted at a day care centre;crematorium, means a building where the dead are reduced to ash through a process known as ‘cremation’, and includes facilities for associated religious and administrative functions;current use, means the use as determined by the municipality in terms of applicable legislation or that which is practised actually and lawfully on land or in a structure or building or part thereof in the opinion of the municipality, and ‘existing building’ has the same meaning;Dday care centre, means the use of a portion of a dwelling or outbuildings by the occupant to provide day care, pre-school, play group or after school care services for children provided that:(a)the service be primarily day care or educational in nature and not medical;(b)the dominant use of the dwelling shall remain for the living accommodation purposes of a single family; provided that a child care service for 5 or less children may be regarded as an occupational practice, and a child care service for more than 20 children shall be regarded as a crèche or place of education;dBA, means the physical unit used to describe noise level, that is, the A-weighted sound pressure level measured in decibels. The term ‘dBA’ is therefore an abbreviation of the term ‘decibel. ‘A’ frequency weighting is an adjustment made to sound- level measurement to accommodate the response of the human ear. This shall be measured in accordance with accepted scientific principles, as prescribed in the Noise Control Regulations in the Provincial Government of the Western Cape P.N. 627/1998 Noise Control Regulations, as amended, promulgated in terms of ECA;department head, means the head of the department, or the person, that is charged with the administration of this Development Management Scheme;departure use, means the use of land that was considered legal before the date of commencement, but does not comply to the utilisation of land use provisions put forward in this Development Management Scheme and remains a legal use as long as changes requiring building plan approval are not made;develop, in relation to land, means to prepare or develop land for occupation or use, whether by filling, drainage or levelling of areas; the removal of vegetation, the installation of engineering services, the subdivision of land or the construction, alteration or extension of buildings or structures on land, and "development" has a corresponding meaning in relation to land;development framework means a plan or written strategy approved by the municipality and, if applicable, the Provincial Government;development management provisions, means measures, limitations,provisions or requirements that determine to which degree use or development of land will be permitted;display, in relation to a sign, includes, without in any way limiting its ordinary meaning, the erection of any structure for support of such sign;district distributor road, means a public road or street declared by the municipality to be a district distributor road on the basis that it functions as an important distributor of traffic in an area or district;disturbing noise, means the ambient noise level which exceeds the sound level of a zone concerned or, if no zone level has been determined, a noise level which exceeds the sound level of the environment at the same point of measurement by 7 dBA or more, provided that the determination of the sound level of the environment shall be done in accordance with Noise Control Regulations promulgated in terms of NEMA;domestic staff quarters, means an outbuilding, including sanitary and cooking facilities, and used for the accommodation of domestic staff employed at the dwelling concerned;dominant use, means the predominant or major use of land, and may consist of the primary or consent uses permitted on the land;double storey, means a storey above the ground floor. ‘First storey’ has a similar meaning;double dwelling, means a building erected for residential purposes that is designed as a single architectural entity containing two dwelling units on one land unit;dwelling, means a building containing only one dwelling unit;dwelling unit, means a self-contained inter-leading group of rooms with not more than one kitchen, used for the living accommodation and housing of a single family, together with such outbuildings as are ordinarily used therewith;Eeave, means a part of a roof projecting from the facade of a building and includes gutters;ECA, means the Environment Conservation Act, 1989 (Act 73 of 1989);ecosystem, means a self-sustaining and self-regulating community of organisms and the interaction between such organisms with one another and their environment;encroachment agreement, means an agreement between an owner and the municipality relating to the projection of portions of a building or structure from the owner’s land unit onto or over the municipality’s property;engineering services, means infrastructure for the provision of water and electricity, sewerage infrastructure, storm water disposal infrastructure, streets, roads and pedestrian walkways, including all related services and equipment;entrance steps and landings, means steps and landings of a building, including any low walls and railings, if such steps and landings are not within the main containing walls of the building;environment, means the objects, conditions and influences in the direct environment put together, which affect the life and habits of persons or of any other organisms or collection of organisms;environmental impact assessment, means a report concerning the impact on the environment of specified activities, and which shall comply with requirements laid down by NEMA ;environmental management plan, a business plan that establishes and coordinates mitigation, rehabilitation and monitoring measures for the monitoring of the implementation of a proposal and for the monitoring of maintenance after implementation;erection, in relation to a building or structure includes:(a)the building of a new building or structure;(b)the alteration or conversion, or addition to, a building or structure; and(c)the re-erection of a building or structure which has completely or partially been demolished, and ‘erect has a corresponding meaning;equipment room, means a building to accommodate communication equipment associated with telecommunication infrastructure which can be a separate building used exclusively for the equipment or it can be a container, or a room within a building;erf, means the same as ‘land unit’;exhibition centre, means premises where displays, social functions, markets as well as training can take place and includes associated facilities and amenities as well as infrastructure including parking;Ffamily, means:(a)a single person maintaining an independent household, or(b)two or more persons directly related by blood or marriage maintaining a common household, or(c)no more than five unrelated persons maintaining a common household;farm shop, means a building, located on a farm, including storage facilities, from where goods may be sold to the general public and may include a restaurant;filming, means the recording of images, moving or still, whether on film or by video tape, electronically or by any other means, but excludes the video recording of a wedding ceremony or other private celebration or event for the purpose of making a video record thereof, for its participants, or the recording of current affairs or news for immediate release."first storey, means the storey above the ground floor and has the same meaning as ‘double storey’;flats, means a building containing three or more dwelling units, together with such outbuildings as re ordinarily associated therewith; provided further that in those zonings where flats are permissible, a building with less than three dwelling units shall also be permissible in a building approved for flats or purposes other than for flats;flood, means a general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of land areas from the overflow of a body of water;flood level, means the level of floodwater that on average occurs every 100 years (also called a 1 in 100 years flood), and means the same as ‘base flood’;floodway, means the channel, river or other watercourse and adjacent land areas that must be kept free of structures and other obstructions, for the base flood to be discharged without the water surface elevation being increased;floor, means the inner, lower surface of a room, garage or basement and includes a terrace or atrium to which the occupants of a building have access;floor factor, means the factor (expressed as a proportion of 1) which is prescribed for the calculation of the maximum floor space of a building or buildings permissible on a land unit, and which is the floor space divided by the nett erf area of the land unit, so that the maximum permissible floor space can be calculated by multiplication of the floor factor with the net erf area;floor space, in relation to a building, means the area of a floor which is covered by a concrete slab, roof or projection, provided that:(a)any area, including a basement, which is reserved solely for parking or loading of vehicles, shall be excluded;(b)external entrance steps and landings, any stoep and any area required for external fire escapes, shall be excluded;(c)a projection including a projection of eaves, and a projection which acts as a sunscreen or an architectural feature, whose projection does not exceed 1m beyond the exterior wall or similar support, shall be excluded;(d)any uncovered internal courtyard, lightwell or other uncovered shaft which has an area in excess of 10m², shall be excluded;(e)any arcade, with a minimum width of 2m, which provides access through the building concerned from public parking, a public street or open space, to a separate public parking area, public street or open space, and which at all times is open to the public, as well as any covered walkway, the roof of which allows light to pass through, shall be excluded;(f)any covered paved area outside and immediately adjoining a building at or below the ground floor level, where such paved area is part of a forecourt, yard, external courtyard, pedestrian walkway, parking area or vehicular access, shall be excluded;(g)subject to (viii) below, any balconies, terraces, stairs, stairwells, verandas, common entrances and common passages covered by a roof shall be excluded; and(h)any stairwells, lift wells or other entrance areas or atriums, in the case of multi-storey buildings, shall only be counted once;provided further that floor space shall be measured from the outer face of the exterior walls or similar supports of such buildings. Where the buildings consist of more than one storey, the total floor space shall be the sum of the floor space of all the storeys, including that of basements;floor space ratio, means the same as ‘floor factor’;food processing, means the manufacturing of food products through the processing of agronomic and stock farming products as well as of already-existing food;four-by-four track (4x4 track), means a series of roads, tracks and routes, designed for use by off-road vehicles as a recreation or adventure facility, and includes buildings normally required for the administration and maintenance thereof, but does not include holiday accommodation or tourist facilities;frail care facility, means a facility that provides short and long term care for people with chronic illnesses and disabilities with the aim of improving the quality of life of patients and their families facing problems associated with life threatening illness, through the prevention and relief of suffering and includes treatment of elderly people, people suffering from diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, accident victims, HIV/ AIDS and other;freestanding base telecommunication station, means a freestanding support structure on land or anchored to land and used to accommodate telecommunication infrastructure for the transmitting or receiving of electronic communication signals and may include an access road to such facility, and bears the same meaning as ‘transmission tower’;funeral parlour, means premises where the dead are prepared to be buried or cremated and includes facilities for associated activities, administration and religious functions;Ggambling facility, means premises for gambling by gaming or wagering, and where there is the opportunity to receive a monetary reward;garage, means a building used for the storage of motor vehicles, but does not include a motor repair garage or service station;grade line, means an imaginary line connecting the highest and the lowest natural levels of ground immediately contiguous to a building;greenhouse, means a structure with the sides primarily made of a transparent material such as glass, perspex or plastic, for the purpose of growing delicate plants or hastening growing of plants under controlled environmental conditions;gross density, means a measure of the number of dwelling units in a specified area, and is calculated, for the purposes of this Development Management Scheme, as follows:gross leasable area, means the total floor space designed for, or capable of, occupation and control by tenants, measured from the centre line of the joint partitions to the inside finished surface of the outside walls, but shall exclude toilets, lift shafts, service ducts, vertical penetrations of floors, interior parking and loading bays;gross parking space, means an area which incorporates one parking bay plus circulation and landscaping space for one parking bay;ground floor, means the lowest floor of a building which is not a basement.ground level, means the same as "natural ground level";ground storey, means the lowest storey of a building, the base of which is the ground floor, but which is not a basement;group house, means a dwelling unit which forms part of a group housing scheme;group housing, and ‘group housing scheme’, means a group of separate and/or linked dwelling units planned, designed and built as a harmonious architectural entity and arranged around or inside a communal open space in a varied and ordered way and where every dwelling unit has a ground floor, and of which the dwelling units may be cadastral subdivided;group housing site, means one or more land units on which a group housing scheme or retirement village may be erected;guest house, means a dwelling that is used for the purpose of letting individual rooms for residential accommodation, with or without meals, and which exceeds the restrictions of a bed and breakfast establishment, provided that:(a)the dwelling is retained in a form which can easily be re-used by a family as a single dwelling, and(b)all amenities and provision of meals shall be for the sole benefit of bona fide lodgers;Hhealth care facility, means a building used for the care of people in a medical, social or social welfare facility, or for the administration thereof, and includes a hospital, clinic or home for the aged, indigent or physically handicapped, but does not include a correctional institution or jail;height, of a building, means a vertical dimension of the building from the grade-line to the highest point of the building measured in meters or in the amount of storey’s or both, provided that—(a)elevator or escalator motor rooms, satellite dishes, ventilation shafts, water tanks, air conditioning plant and equipment on the roof of a building, shall be deemed to constitute a storey, unless it is enclosed within the roof or hidden behind parapet walls not exceeding 2m in height, in which case they shall be deemed to form part of the top storey; and(b)chimneys, flues, masts, antennas, satellite dishes not exceeding 1,5 m in diameter and external geysers with associated equipment not protruding more than 1,5 m above the top of the roof shall not be counted for the purpose of height control;height of a sidewalk,(a)the height at the back of a sidewalk/pedestrian walkway where it is constructed in a road reserve; or(b)the height determined by the municipality where the sidewalk/pedestrian walkway will not be constructed inside the road reserve, and has the same meaning as "level of pavement"heritage conservation area, means an area designated for this purpose by the municipality, in terms of this Development Management Scheme;Heritage Resources Act, means the National Heritage Resources Act, 1999 (Act 25 of 1999);high water mark, means the high-water mark as defined in the National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act, 2008 (Act 24 of 2008);hillside area, means an area which has a slope of 1 in 5 or greater;hobby, means an activity done by a person, for enjoyment, normally during leisure time;holiday accommodation, means a harmoniously designed and built holiday development, used for holiday and recreational purposes, whether in private or public ownership, which:(a)consists of a single enterprise in which accommodation is supplied by means of short-term rental or time sharing only;(b)may include ancillary staff accommodation and the provision of camping sites;(c)may include a restaurant and indoor and outdoor recreation facilities, and(d)does not include a hotel or motel;horticulture, means the cultivation of plants and fungi on an intensive scale, including the cultivation of plants and fungi under one roof or in a greenhouse, and also refers to the sale of self-cultivated plants and fungi on a land unit;home occupation, means the practicing of an occupation or trade, or the conducting of an enterprise from a dwelling unit by one or more occupants of the dwelling unit and his or their assistants, provided that the dominant use of the dwelling unit concerned shall remain for the living accommodation of a single family, and the provisions pertaining to home occupation in this Development Management Scheme are adhered to;hospital, means a facility designed as an integrated complex for the diagnosis, care and treatment of human illness, and includes live-in facilities for patients, nurses and staff;hotel, means premises used as a temporary residence for transient guests, where lodging and meals are provided, and may include associated conference and entertainment facilities that are subservient and ancillary to the dominant use which is for hotel purposes, as well as premises which are licensed to sell liquor for consumption on the premises, but does not include an off-sales facility;house tavern, means premises for the conducting of an enterprise from a dwelling or outbuilding, by the occupant of the dwelling concerned, for the sale of alcoholic beverages, and may include consumption of alcoholic beverages by customers on the land unit, provided that the dominant use of the dwelling concerned shall remain for the living accommodation of a single family;house shop, means premises for the conducting of retail trade from a dwelling or outbuilding by one or more occupants of the dwelling concerned, provided that the dominant use of the dwelling concerned shall remain for the living accommodation of a single family;IICNIRP, means International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection;industrial hive, means a building or a complex of uniformly designed buildings, containing a mix of retail and manufacturing activities, and arranged in an orderly manner around common spaces, which may include common parking and access;industry, means premises which in the municipality’s opinion, are used as a factory and in which:(a)an article or part of such article is made, manufactured, produced, built, assembled, compiled, printed, ornamented, processed, treated, adapted, repaired, renovated, rebuilt, altered, painted (including spray painting), polished, finished, cleaned, dyed, washed, broken up, disassembled, sorted, packed, chilled, frozen or stored in cold storage;(b)livestock (including poultry) is slaughtered; or(c)electricity is generated for use in processes referred to in (a) and (b) above, provided that industry includes an office, caretaker’s quarters or other uses which are subservient and ancillary to the use of the land as a factory, but does not include a noxious trade or risk activity;informal trading, means the lawful sale of products in areas specifically demarcated for this purpose by the municipality, such as markets and demarcated areas in the business district;institution, means premises used as or intended to be used as a social, health or welfare facility, or for the administration thereof, and includes a hospital, clinic, pharmacy, home for the aged, indigent or handicapped, rehabilitation centre, reformatory or place of detention, whether of a commercial or charitable nature, but does not include a jail;integrated development framework, means a development framework which deals with integration of different strategies and sectoral plans relating to development, such as spatial, economic, social, infrastructure, housing, institutional, fiscal, land reform, transportation, environmental or water plans, to attain the optimal allocation of limited resources in a particular geographic area, and may include an integrated development plan as defined in the Municipal Systems Act;integrated development plan, means a plan envisaged in section 25 of the Municipal Systems Act;intensive stock farming, means the keeping, feeding and breeding of animals on an intensive scale. These animals include poultry and sea-animals including oysters and abalone, on an intensive basis within buildings and structures and includes feeding lots;Kkeeping of animals, means the accommodation of animals;Lland, means land with or without improvements in terms of land development and, includes land covered with water such as marsh or wetlands;landscape plan, means a plan indicating detailed landscape proposals including walkways, paving, plants, water features, recreation areas, engineering services and any other such land uses;landscaping, means the planting or placement of plants for the purpose of protecting and promoting aesthetic appeal, scenic beauty, character and value of land, as well as promotion of public health and safety through the reduction of noise pollution, storm water runoff, air pollution, visual pollution or light glare;land survey certificate, means a certificate issued by a professional land surveyor;land unit, means a portion of land registered or viable to be registered in a deeds registry;level of the pavement, means(a)in the case of a pavement/ footway which has been constructed within a road reserve reserves to the back of the pavement/ foot-way; or(b)the height determined by the municipality, referring to a footway that was not been constructed or is yet to be constructed and "height of the pavement" has the same meaning;licensed hotel, means a building designed to comply with the requirements of a hotel;linked, in relation to the definitions of town housing and group housing, means to be connected by means of a boundary wall or garage;loading zone, means an area measuring not less than 4,5m x 7,5m, which is clearly demarcated for loading and off-loading of goods from commercial vehicles, which also provides vehicular access to a public street at the satisfaction of the municipality;local sign, means the same as ‘permanent sign’;lodge, means premises used as a temporary residence for transient guests, where lodging and meals are provided, and may include associated conference and entertainment facilities that are subservient and ancillary to the dominant use of the premises as a lodge. ‘Lodge’ also implies that there are premises on site which are licensed to sell liquor to be consumed on that same land unit, however does not include an off-sales facility;lodger, means a person who pays rent for bedroom accommodation within another person’s dwelling unit;lodging, means bedroom accommodation which is made available in exchange for payment, and includes the services ordinarily related to such accommodation;Mmain road, means a public street or road which is defined as a main road in terms of the Advertising on Roads and Ribbon Development Act, 1940 (Act 21 of 1940), as well as the Roads Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance 19 of 1976);maximum floor space, means the greatest total floor space which is allowed for a building or buildings including all the storeys on a land unit, such maximum floor space being calculated by multiplication of the floor factor by the net erf area of the land unit or that portion of the land unit which is situated within a particular zone. This is applicable provided that where the land unit is situated within two or more zones in which different floor factors apply, the maximum floor space for the whole land unit shall be the total of the maximum floor space for each portion of the land unit;medical consulting rooms, means premises, excluding a hospital or clinic, which are used for human medical or medically related consultation, examination or treatment, but does not include live-in facilities;mezzanine, means an intermediate floor in a building between the ground floor and the first floor;Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 200 (Act 28 of 2002), means the Act that controls the issuing of permits and licenses;mining, means an enterprise which practices the extraction of raw material from the earth, whether by means of surface or underground methods, and includes, but is not limited to, the removal of stone, limestone, sand, clay, kaolin, ores, minerals, gas and precious stones as well as referring to the process of stone crushing;mobile home, means a transportable factory-constructed structure with the necessary service connections, which is designed so that it can be used as a permanent dwelling;mortuary, a place, specifically referring to a funeral home, where dead bodies are kept before burial or cremation;motor vehicle, means a vehicle designed or used for propulsion by means of an internal combustion or electrical engine, and includes a motorcycle, trailer or caravan, but does not include a vehicle moving exclusively on rails;NNational Building Act, means the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act, 1977 (Act 103 of 1977);National Constitution, means the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996;natural ground level, means the level of the land surface on a land unit:(a)in its unmodified state, or(b)in a state where the land has been graded, with a grading machine that levels out the surface land area, with the municipality’s permission, for the purposes of development, provided that:(i)any grading of land for the purpose of development shall connect evenly with the existing levels of abutting land units;(ii)where land is excavated, the excavated level is deemed to be the natural level of the ground;(iii)where it is not possible to determine the natural level of the land owing to irregularities or disturbances of the land, the municipality shall determine a level for the purpose of administrating this Development Management Scheme; and(iv)where land is excavated and the excavated material is used to elongate a building site (cut to fill) the municipality shall define a level for the purposes of administering these regulations;nature reserve, means a national park, or some other nature park which is in the ownership of a public authority or has been declared as such in terms of legislation and remains in private ownership. It consists of an area which is utilised as a game park or reserve for fauna and flora in its natural habitat and includes contextual size and impact related accommodation facilities for tourists or holidaymakers;NEMA, means the National Environmental Management Act, 1998 (Act 107 of 1998);nett density, means the density of a specified area, calculated through land set aside for ancillary uses, such as open spaces, streets, schools and business use, being subtracted from the total area, at the satisfaction of the municipality, and the number of residential units being divided by the remaining area that exist or for which planning is being done;nett erf area, means the total area of a land unit, excluding all land reserved for public purposes, such as streets, roads or road widening;noise level, means a reading on an integrated impulse sound level meter taken in accordance with accepted scientific principles, as described in the noise control regulations promulgated in terms of NEMA;noise pollution, means any sound which, in the opinion of the municipality, causes or may cause unreasonable nuisance, or which may disturb the comfort or peace and quiet of a person or persons in the vicinity;non-conforming use, means use of land which was lawful before the commencement date, but which does not conform to the use or land use provisions stipulated in this Development Management Scheme and stays a lawful use as long as no changes requiring building plan approval are made;noxious trade, means an offensive, poisonous or potentially harmful trade, use or activity which due to fumes, emissions, smell, vibration, noise, waste products, the nature of material used, the processes employed, or other causes, is deemed by the municipality to be a potential source of danger, nuisance or offence to the general public or persons in the surrounding area;nursery, means an enterprise for the sale of plants, horticultural products and horticultural equipment;Ooccupant, means any person who physically inhabits a building, a structure or land area, or a person having the charge or management thereof, and includes the representative of any person absent from the area or whose whereabouts is unknown;occupational practice, means the same as ‘home occupation’;offices, means a room or a suite of rooms or a building used for an administrative function or for the conducting of an enterprise primarily concerned with administrative, clerical, financial or professional services, and includes a post office or magistrate’s offices or professional use;office park, means a group of office buildings which are designed and built as a harmonious architectural entity, arranged in an orderly manner within a landscaped environment, and involving shared use and management of amenities such as roads, services, access control or common land;Organ of state, means an organ of the state as defined in Section 239 of the Constitution;outbuilding, means a structure, whether attached to or separate from the main building, which is designed to be normally used for domestic staff quarters, for storing motor vehicles or for general storage purposes, provided that these uses are usually necessary in connection with the main building, however this does not include additional dwelling units;outdoor advertisement, means the action or process of notifying, warning, informing, announcing or any other mode of communicating of information in a visual manner and which takes place outdoors;outdoor recreation facility, means an area where leisure and recreational opportunities are available, primarily outdoor facilities such as, but not limited to, open-air concerts, miniature golf and roller-skating rinks. These are available usually in the interest of commercial gain;overlay zone, means a category of zoning applicable to particular land, which stipulates additional land use provisions for such land in addition to the underlying zoning requirements, and may include parameters relating to consent use restrictions, subdivision, urban renewal, environmental protection or any other purpose as set out in this Development Management Scheme. This is given that overlay zoning may add further land use provisions in a particular area or zone which may be more restrictive or less restrictive than that of the land units which are not covered by the overlay zoning implying that ‘overlay zoning’ has a corresponding meaning;owner, in relation to land, means the person or entity in whose name that land is registered in a deeds registry, and may include the holder of a registered servitude right, or long term lease, or any successor in title;Ppackage of plans, means the hierarchy of plans specified in terms of this Development Management Scheme;panhandle, means a narrowed section of a land unit that provides access to a street;parking bay, means an area measuring no less than 5m x 2,5m for perpendicular parking and 6m x 2,8m for parallel parking, which is clearly outlined and demarcated for the parking of one motor vehicle and which is accessible at the satisfaction of the municipality;parsonage, means a dwelling for the living accommodation of a spiritual leader who is in the full-time service of an organisation which conducts religion in a place of worship, and can include the living accommodation of the spiritual leader’s family as well as a monastery;patio, means a paved roofless area adjacent to and belonging to a building or an open-air courtyard;pergola, means any roofless, horizontal or almost horizontal grid or framework and is applicable if the area seen in the horizontal projection of the solid portions of this grid does not exceed 25% of the total area thereof;permanent sign, means a sign on a specific site, premises or building which is permanently displayed and which refers to an activity, product, service or attraction offered or provided on those premises on that site or inside the building, and has the same meaning as ‘local sign’;petroport, means a facility with direct access from a highway, through-way or main transport route, which provides rest, service and fuel facilities for long-distance trucks and other long-distance vehicular traffic, and includes facilities for emergency vehicle towing services;petrol filling station, means the same as ‘service station’;place of assembly, means a public hall, a hall for public or social functions, a music hall, a concert hall or a hall for display purposes which is not directly related to a commercial enterprise, town hall or civic centre;place of entertainment, means a theatre, cinema, dance hall, karaoke, amusement park, sports centre, billiards room, games arcade, skating rink, or similar place and may include a gambling facility or another use which requires an Entertainment License in terms of the Businesses Act, 1991 (Act 71 of 1991);place of education, means a crèche, pre-primary school, school, college, technical institute, university, research institution, convent, public library, public art gallery, museum or other centre of education, and includes an associated hostel, but excludes a building or land unit which is predominantly used as a certified correctional institution or industrial school or as an institution;place of worship, means a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, chapel or other place for practicing a faith or religion, and includes any building, including a residence, associated therewith, but does not include a funeral parlour, cemetery or crematorium with related chapel;porch, means a roof (not being the roof or balcony) projecting from the outside of a building above a doorway, and forming a covered entrance to such building, and includes any paved area hereunder, any low walls or railings enclosing such paved area and any pillars supporting such roof;Premier, means the Premier of the Western Cape Province;primary distributor road, means a public street declared by the municipality to be a primary distributor road;primary use, in relation to land or buildings, means any use specified in this Development Management Scheme as a primary use, being a use that is permitted without the need to obtain the municipality’s consent except for building plan approval;private open space, means land which is or will be under private ownership, or municipal land on a long-term lease, with or without access control, used primarily as a site for outdoor sports, play, rest or recreation, or as a park, garden, or play area or for nature conservation;private parking, means land, a building or part of a building which is managed by a private individual or institution and which is used exclusively for parking purposes and is not normally accessible to the general public except when payment is involved;private road, means land reserved for the passage or parking of motor vehicles, which is privately owned and does not vest in the municipality or another public authority;proclaimed road, means a road proclaimed in terms of the Advertising on Roads and Ribbon Development Act, 1940 or any other applicable legislation;professional use, means that kind of use which is normally and reasonably associated with professionals such as doctors, dentists, attorneys, architects, engineers and town planners, where services rendered, are separate from trading are one of the distinguishing factors;property, means land together with all buildings and structures on the land;public authority, means a state department, a municipality or a department of the Provincial Government;public garage, means a business where motor vehicles are provided with fuel in exchange for payment, and/or includes trading in motor vehicles, oil, tyres or motor spares, the repair or overhauling of motor vehicles, a restaurant or café together with bathroom facilities, spray painting, panel beating, blacksmith or body work;public housing, means dwelling units which are built with funds granted by a public authority;public nuisance, means any act, omission or condition which in the municipality’s opinion is offensive, induces injury or is dangerous to health, or materially interferes with the ordinary comfort, convenience, peace and quiet of the public, or which adversely affects the safety of the public, considering:(a)the reasonableness of the activities in question in the area concerned, and the impacts which result from these activities; and(b)any noise levels stipulated in an overlay zone applying to the land concerned;public place, means any open or enclosed place, park, street, road or thoroughfare or other similar area of land shown on a general plan or diagram that is for use by the general public and is owned by, or vests in the ownership of, a municipality, and includes a public open space and a servitude for any similar purpose in favour of the general public;public parking, means land that is accessible to the general public for parking purposes with or without a fee;public road or public street, means any land indicated on Surveyor General approved plan, diagram or map, of which the ownership vests in the municipality or another public authority in terms of applicable law, and which has been set aside for vehicular and pedestrian use;publish in the press, means to publish a notice in such newspaper or newspapers as the municipal manager may determine from time to time, or in the Provincial Gazette or in both a newspaper or newspapers as intended herein and the Provincial Gazette, and ‘publication in the press’ has a corresponding meaning;Rracing track, means land used to race, rally and scramble, including go-karts, quad bikes, motorcycles, motorboats as well as racing animals (e.g. horses and dogs), and includes the testing of vehicles and boats;rear boundary, with regard to a land unit, means every boundary situated thereon (other than a street or side boundary) which is parallel to, or is within 45 of being parallel to, every street boundary of such land unit and which does not intersect a street boundary, provided that, in the case of a panhandle land unit, the municipality shall determine which boundary, if any, is the rear boundary;recycling plant, a facility where waste is separated for reprocessing for further use as a product or raw material;register, means the document held by the municipality in connection with all departures, consent uses, site development plans, conditions relating to use rights or special zone land use provisions;rehabilitation centre, means premises or part thereof used or intended to be used to rehabilitate people or animals through physical or mental stimulation;religious leader’s residence, means a building designed as a joint architectural unit on the same land unit as a place of worship;renewable energy structure, means any wind, water or organic matter turbine or solar voltaic apparatus, or grouping thereof that captures and converts wind, water, organic matter or solar radiation into energy for commercial gain irrespective of whether it feeds onto an electricity grid or not, and includes any appurtenant structure or any test facility or structure that may lead to the generation of energy on a commercial basis;residential building, means a building (excluding a dwelling, a group house, a town house or flats) for occupation by persons, together with such outbuildings as are ordinarily used therewith, and includes a boarding house, lodging rooms, a licensed hotel (excluding an off-sales facility), an old-age home, a children’s home and a hostel, but does not include buildings which, either by means of inclusion or exclusion, are mentioned in the definition of "place of education" or "institution";resort shop, means a shop, within a holiday resort, which does not exceed 500m² in floor space, including storage facilities;resource industry, means the process of extracting, mining, winning or quarrying raw materials from the ground including gravel, sand and stone, and includes buildings and activities connected with such operations as well as a crushing plant.;restaurant, means a commercial establishment where meals and liquid refreshments are prepared and served to paying customers for consumption on the site, and includes licensed provision of alcoholic beverages for consumption on the site;rezoning, means amendment of the Development Management Scheme in terms of the By-Law in order to effect a change of zoning in relation to a particular land unit or part thereof or to land units;riding school, means a place or undertaking for the leasing of horses and riding instructions being provided in exchange for payment, and includes the care and stabling of such horses;right of use, in relation to land, means the right to use land in accordance with the zoning thereof, including any lawful departure;risk activity, means an undertaking where the material handled or the processes carried out are liable to cause rapid combustion or give rise to poisonous fumes, or cause explosions, and includes activities involving dangerous and hazardous substances that are controlled in terms of national legislation;road, means a public or private street or road;rooftop base station, means a cell phone base station where antennae are attached to the roof or side of an existing building;SSANS, means South African National Standards;satellite dish antenna, means an apparatus capable of receiving or transmitting communications from a satellite;scenic drive, means a public road or street which has been declared as a scenic drive by the municipality in recognition of the high visual amenity alongside that public road or street, including background vistas of mountains, open country, coastline or urban landscape;scenic drive corridor, means all land within 200m on either side of a scenic drive as measured perpendicularly from the centre line of the road reserve;scrap yard, means a building or land which is utilised for one or more of the following purposes:(a)storing, depositing or collecting of junk or scrap material or articles of which the value depends mainly or entirely on the material used in the manufacture thereof;(b)the dismantling of second-hand vehicles or machines to recover components or materials, and(c)the storing or sale of second-hand parts, pipes, poles, steel, wire, lumber, tyres, bricks, containers or other articles which are suitable to be left in the open without any serious damage being incurred;second dwelling, means another dwelling unit which may, in terms of this Development Management Scheme, be erected on a land unit where a dwelling is also permitted; and such second dwelling may be a separate structure or attached to an outbuilding or may be contained in the same structure as the dwelling; provided that:(a)the second dwelling shall remain on the same land unit as the dwelling; and(b)the second dwelling shall comply with the requirements specified in this Development Management Scheme;secondary use, means a consent use which is stipulated by the municipality, in terms of this Development Management Scheme, as a secondary use in order to indicate that it will probably be supported and approved relatively quickly, provided that it complies with an approved planning policy which has passed through an acceptable public process;Sectional Titles Act, means the Sectional Titles Act, 1986 (Act 95 of 1986);sectoral plan, means any written strategy or plan which deals mainly with one of the sectors or elements or particular subjects that form part of an integrated development plan and which may, for example, be an economic, land reform, environmental, housing, water, service or transport plan;service station, means premises for the retail supply of fuel, and includes trading in motor vehicles, oil, tyres or motor spares, or the repair, overhauling or washing of motor vehicles, but does not include spray-painting, panel beating, blacksmith or body work, provided that any part of a shop or business premises which incorporates facilities for retail supply for the use of motor vehicles, shall be deemed to be a service station;service trade, means an enterprise which:(a)is primarily involved in the rendering of a service to the local community such as the repair of household appliances or the supply of household services;(b)is not likely to be a source of disturbance to surrounding land units; and employs at most ten people;(c)is not liable, in the event of fire, to cause excessive combustion, give rise to poisonous fumes or cause explosions;(d)includes a builder’s yard and allied trades and a laundry, bakery, dairy depot and similar types of uses, but does not include an abattoir, a brick-making site, sewage works, a service station or a motor repair garage;services agreement, means a written agreement which is concluded between a developer of land and the municipality, in terms of which the respective responsibilities of the two parties for the planning, design, provision, installation, financing and maintenance of internal and external engineering services and the standard of such services are determined;setback, means the line delimiting an area, measured from the centre line of a particular public street, within which no building or other structure including a boundary fence, may be erected;shelter, means a unit of accommodation intended for human occupation, constructed of material which need not comply with the standards of durability intended by the National Building Act;shop, means premises used for the retail sale of goods and services individually or in relatively small quantities to the public, and includes a retail concern where goods which are sold in such a concern are manufactured or repaired, provided that the floor space relating to such manufacturing or repairs shall not comprise more than one third of the floor space of the shop, and provided further that "shop" does not include an industry, a service trade, a motor repair garage, a service station, a restaurant, an adult entertainment enterprise, a bottle store or an industrial hive, and if such uses occur on the same land unit as a shop, they shall be regarded as separate uses subject to the relevant separate land use provisions;shooting range, a specific area with targets for the controlled use of firearms that comply with the provisions of the applicable law and or regulations governing the control of firearms. National regulator for compulsory specifications SANS 10353;shopping centre, a group of three or more retail stores or service establishments usually with ample parking facilities and designed to serve a community or neighborhood;side boundary, means a boundary of a land unit other than the street boundary or the rear boundary;sidewalk, means a path (or pavement) along the side of a road that may accommodate moderate changes in height and is normally separated from the vehicular section by a curb. There may also be a strip of vegetation, grass, bushes or trees or a combination of these between the pedestrian section and the vehicular section;site development plan, means a plan which shows detail of proposed development at the level of a site, including:(a)existing biophysical characteristics of the site;(b)the layout of the site, indicating the use of different portions thereof;(c)the position, use and extent of buildings;(d)sketch plans and elevations in regard to proposed structures, including information about their external appearance or outside elevation;(e)the alignment and general specifications of vehicle access, roads, parking areas and pedestrian footpaths;(f)the position and extent of private, public and communal space;(g)typical details of fencing or boundary walls around the perimeter of the site as well as within the site;(h)electricity supply and external lighting proposals;(i)provision for the disposal of storm water, sewage and refuse;(j)water supply;(k)external signage details;(l)general landscaping proposals including vegetation to be preserved, vegetation to be removed, vegetation to be planted, external paving, and measures for stabilising outdoor areas where applicable;(m)the phasing of the development;(n)the proposed development in relation to existing and finished ground levels, including excavations and cut and fill;(o)statistical information about the extent of the proposed development, floor space allocations and sizes as well as the provision of parking, and(p)any other details as may reasonably be required by the municipality;slope, means the degree of deviation of a surface from the horizontal, usually expressed as a ratio and calculated for the purpose of this Development Management Scheme Regulations as follows:special area, means an area of historical, cultural or ecological significance, or a biosphere zone, to which, over and above the zoning restrictions, additional guidelines regarding management and development must be applied;special usage, means a use which is such, or in respect of which the land use provisions are such, that it is not otherwise provided for in this Development Management Scheme, which is defined fully and in respect whereof the land use parameters are defined fully by means of conditions of approval or by means of provisions applying to the special zone, and includes conservation usage;stoep, means an uncovered paved area or projecting floor outside and immediately adjoining a building, at or below the level of the ground floor thereof, and includes any low walls or railings enclosing such paved areas or floors;storey, means that portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the next floor above, or if there is no floor above, the wall plate, provided that:(a)a basement does not constitute a storey;(b)a roof structure, or dome which forms part of the roofstructure, shall not constitute a separate storey unless the space within the roof or dome is designed for, or used for, human occupation, in which case it is deemed to be a storey; and(c)any storey which is higher than 4m but equal to or less than 8m in height, shall, for the purpose of height measurement, be deemed to be 2 storeys, and every additional 4m in height or portion thereof, shall be deemed to be an additional storey;street, in the context of provisions pertaining to street building lines, setbacks, street boundaries, street corners, off-street parking, site access or loading requirements, includes a public street and a private road;street boundary, means the common boundary of a land unit with a street, provided that where a part of a land unit is reserved in terms of the Development Management Scheme Regulations or any other law for the purpose of a new street or street widening, the street boundary of the land unit is the boundary of such proposed new street or proposed street widening;structure, without in any way limiting its ordinary meaning, includes any building, shelter, wall, fence, pillar, pergola, steps, landing, terrace, sign, ornamental architectural features, swimming pool, fuel pump and underground tank, as well as any portion of a structure;structure plan, means a plan referred to in section 16 of the Western Cape Land Use Planning Act, 2014;subdivide and subdivision, in relation to land, means to subdivide land whether by means of:(a)survey;(b)the allocation, with a view to a separate registration of land units, of undivided portions thereof in any manner; or(c)the preparation thereof for such subdivision;subdivisional area, means land zoned as subdivisional area or alternatively land zoned in a manner which shall allow subdivision as contemplated in section 20 of the By-Law;subdivisional plan, means a plan which reflects the prescribed information in relation to intended subdivision, including but without being limited to, the relative location of the proposed subdivided land units, public places and public streets on a land unit that is to be subdivided;substitution scheme, means a Development Management Scheme which replaces any other zoning scheme regulations or a part thereof;supermarket, means a retail concern with a net retail floor space of not less than 500m², which is utilised for sales on a basis of self-service and where the goods for sale fall in one or more of the following categories:(a)foodstuffs;(b)toiletries;(c)household cleaning agents;(d)clothing;(e)wine sales; or(f)home and garden equipment;Systems Act, means the Local Government: Municipal Systems Act, 2000 (Act 32 of 2000);Ttasting facility means a place for tasting and selling of alcoholic beverages;telecommunication infrastructure, means:(a)any part of the infrastructure of a telecommunication network for radio/ wireless communication including voice, data and video telecommunications, which may include antennae;(b)any support structure, equipment room, radio equipment and optical communications equipment (laser or infra- red) provided by cellular network operators or any other telecommunication providers;(c)all ancillary structures needed for the operation of telecommunication infrastructure, provided that fibre optic installations and point to point copper (cable) installations are excluded from this definition;terrace, means an area to which the occupants of a building have access, created on a flat roof over a portion of a storey, resulting from the setback of a part of the building above such a storey;title, in relation to tenure, means land ownership, and includes all forms of ownership that can be taken up in a title deed;token zone, means the zoning of a relatively small part of a land unit which differs from the zoning of the larger part of the land unit;total floor space, in relation to a building, means the sum of the floor space of all the storeys of such a building, including basements;tourist facilities, means amenities for tourists or visitors such as lecture rooms, restaurants, gift shops, restrooms or recreational facilities, conference facilities, reception facilities and market, but does not include a hotel or overnight accommodation;town house, means a dwelling unit forming part of a town housing scheme;town housing and town housing scheme, means a housing development which is a row or group of linked or attached dwelling units, designed and built as a harmonious architectural entity, of which every dwelling unit has a ground floor and which can be cadastrally subdivided;town housing site, means a land unit or more than one land unit on which a town housing scheme has been erected or is to be erected;traffic impact assessment, means a study of demand for travel generated by a proposed development in relation to the existing and planned road system, where the development generates more than 275 trips or increases daily trips by more than 20% above existing levels;traffic impact statement, means a statement of demand for travel generated by a proposed development in relation to the existing and planned road system, where the development generates less than 275 trips or increases daily trips by less than 20% above existing levels;transmission tower, means any support structure and associated infrastructure of more than 3m in height, that is used for the transmission and/ or reception of electromagnetic waves; and includes telecommunication, cellular telecommunication, radio, television and satellite transmission;transport usage, means an undertaking based on the provision of a transport service, and includes both public and private transport facilities, such as airports, airfields, railway stations, bus depots, taxi ranks, public transport interchanges and associated uses;Uurban conservation, means the development or maintenance of the built environment in a prescribed manner, aimed at maximisation of its historic, aesthetic or social attributes and the enhancement of the value of the area, both for present and future use;urban edge, means a demarcated line which may or may not follow cadastral boundaries, together with an interrelated policy which serves to determine, manage, direct and control the outer limit of urban expansion;use, in addition to its ordinary meaning, includes earmarked use or intention to use;use right, with regard to land, the right to use the land according to the zoning thereof including any lawful departure or consent use previously granted in terms of applicable land use legislation;use zone, means the part of this Development Management Scheme which is shown on the zoning map by means of a specific notation or bordering or any other distinguishing manner, in order to identify permitted use of the land;utility usage, means a use or an element of infrastructure that is required to provide engineering or associated services for the proper functioning of urban development, and includes water reservoirs and purification works, electricity substations and transmission lines, waste water pump stations and treatment works (sewage), but does not include roads, parking or other transport usage;Vverandah, means a covered area, not being an area which is part of a yard or parking area, or a projecting floor outside and immediately adjoining a building at or below the level of the ground floor thereof, and includes both such areas of the floor and roof or other feature covering it, as well as any low walls or railings enclosing such paved area or floor;Wwall of remembrance, means a place where human ashes and corresponding plaques are placed, or only plaques for the dead are placed, and where space for remembering the dead is created;warehouse, means premises used primarily for the storage of goods, except those that are offensive or dangerous, and includes premises used for business of a predominantly wholesale nature, as well as for rendering of services, but does not include premises used for business of a predominantly retail nature;waste disposal site, means a place where household, commercial or industrial products are stored, salvaged, treated or disposed of in a lawful manner, and includes sanitary infill;winery, means a place where wine is made and may include a selling area for the general public and a wine-tasting area;Zzone, when used as a noun, means land which has been designated for a particular zoning, irrespective of whether it comprises one or more land units or parts of land units;zone, when used as a verb in relation to land, means to designate land for a particular zoning;zoning, when used as a noun, means a category of directions regulating the development of land and setting out the purposes for which the land may be used and the land use or land use provisions applicable in respect of the said category of directions, as determined by the Development Management Scheme Regulations;zoning map, means an approved map or approved maps showing the zones and land units in respect of land situated within the area of jurisdiction of the municipality.

Table A: zoning categories

TABLE A: ZONING CATEGORIES
KEY
ZONING NOTATION Color
Residential Zone 1: Low density Yellow
Residential Zone 2: Medium density Yellow with black hatching
Residential Zone 3: High density Yellow with black cross hatching
Residential Zone 4: Incrimental Housing Yellow with black checker pattern
Residential Rural Zone 5: Rural area Yellow with green dots
General Residential Zone 1: Group housing Orange
General Residential Zone 2: Town housing Orange with black hatching
General Residential Zone 3: Flats Orange with black cross hatching
Business Zone 1: General business Blue
Business Zone 2: Neighbourhood business Blue with black hatching
Business Zone 3: Service Station Blue with black cross hatching
Business Zone 4: Petro Port White with blue outline
Industrial Zone 1: Light industry Purple with black hatching
Industrial Zone 2: General industry Purple
Industrial Zone 3: Risk industry Purple with black cross hatching
Industrial Zone 4: Extraction industry White with purple outline
Community Zone 1: Place of instruction Light Blue
Community Zone 2: Place of worship Grey
Community Zone 3: Institution Grey with black hatching
Authority Zone: Government Red
Transport Zone 1: Transport usage Light brown with black hatching
Transport Zone 2: Roads Light brown
Transport Zone 3: Parking Light brown with black letter P
Open Space Zone 1: Public open space Dark green
Open Space Zone 2: Private open space Light green
Open Space Zone 3: Nature reserve Light green with black hatching
Open Space Zone 4: Cemetry Light green with grey dots
Resort Zone Pink
Agriculture Zone 1: Agriculture Green with sthick black hatching
Agriculture Zone 2: Agricultural industry Green with sthick purple hatching
Agriculture Zone 3: Small holdings Green with sthick yellow hatching
Undetermined Zone Dark brown
Special Zone White with light blue outline
Subdivisional Area White with red outline
Zoning of land as specified use zonesThe land indicated on the zoning map, as indicated in column 2 or 3 of Table A, is zoned for the various purposes mentioned in column 1 of Table A and may, subject to relevant provisions of the By-Law and this Development Management Scheme, not be used for any other purpose.
TABLE B— ZONING CATEGORIES
ZONING
Residential Primary uses Consent uses
Residential Zone 1: Low Density Dwelling.

Additional use right: Filming.
Second Dwelling or Double Dwelling House, Bed & Breakfast Establishment, Guest House, Day Care Centre, Place of Education, Place of Worship, Home Occupation, House Shop, House Tavern
Residential Zone 2: Medium density Dwelling,

Additional use right: Filming.
Second Dwelling or Double Dwelling Bed & Breakfast Establishment, Day Care Centre, Guest House, House Shop, House Tavern, Home Occupation
Residential Zone 3: Mixed density Estate housing Dwelling, Private open space.

Additional use right: Filming.
Group Housing, Town Housing, Flats, Hotel, Restaurant, Place of Assembly, Home Occupation.
Residential Zone 4: Incremental housing Dwelling, Second dwelling, Bed & Breakfast Establishment, Shelter.

Additional use right: Filming
Double Dwelling House, Day Care Centre, Place of Education, House Tavern, House Shop, Home Occupation.
Residential Zone 5: Rural-residential Dwelling, Agricultural.

Additional use right: Filming.
Second Dwelling or Double Dwelling, Bed & Breakfast Establishment, Guest House, Tourist Facility, Day Care Centre, Place of Education, Riding School, Nursery, Gardening, Commercial Pet Kennels, Food Processing, Home Occupation, Transmission Tower, Rooftop Base Station, House Shop, House Tavern, Service Trade
General Residential Primary uses Consent uses
General Residential Zone 1: Group Housing Group housing, Dwelling.

Additional use right: Filming.
Home occupation.
General Residential Zone 2: Town Housing Town housing, Dwelling.

Additional use: Filming.
Flats, Home occupation.
General Residential Zone 3: Flats Flats, Guest house, Boarding house, Dwelling, Residential Building, Lodge, Group Housing, Town Housing.

Additional use right: Filming.
Shop, Institution, Place of Education, Place of Assembly, Home Occupation, Transmission Tower, Rooftop Base Station.
Business Primary uses Consent uses
Business Zone 1: General business Business Premises, Shopping Centre, Flats, Offices, Office Park, Restaurant, Service Trade, Medical Consulting Rooms, Public Parking, Animal Clinic, Animal Hospital, Nursery, Rooftop Base Station, Tasting Facility, Bottle Store, Filming. Service station, Hotel, Funeral parlour, Car Wash, Residential Building, Place of Assembly, Place of Entertainment, Adult Entertainment Enterprise, Institution, Transmission Tower.
Business Zone 2: Neighbourhood Business Business Premises, Shopping Centre, Medical Consulting Rooms, Offices, Flats, Public Parking, Animal Clinic, Rooftop Base Station, Filming. Place of Assembly, Place of Entertainment, Restaurant, Bottle store, Service Trade, Car wash, Nursery, Lodge, Tasting Facility, Transmission Tower
Business Zone 3: Service station Service Station, Car Wash, Rooftop Base Station, Filming Shop, Business Premises, Restaurant, Tasting Facility, Transmission tower
Business Zone 4: Petroport Petroport, Shop, Restaurant, Rooftop Base Station, Filming, Transmission Tower Public Garage, Tourist Facility, Holiday Accommodation, Lodge, Tasting Facility
Industrial Primary uses Consent uses
Industrial Zone 1: Light industry Service Trade, Industrial Hive, Warehouse, Car Wash, Service Station, Public Parking, Transmission Tower, Rooftop Base Station, Filming. Industry, Public Garage, Shop, Restaurant, Place of Entertainment, Place of Worship, Bottle Store, Offices, Office Park, Adult Entertainment Enterprise.
Industrial Zone 2: General industry Industry, Service Trade, Warehouse, Transport Usage, , Service Station, Car Wash, Public Parking, Industrial Hive, Service station, Public Garage, Transmission Tower, Rooftop Base Station, Filming. Shop, Bottle store, Place of Education, Place of Worship, Place of Assembly, Place of Entertainment, Adult Entertainment Enterprise, Restaurant, Funeral Parlour, Landfill Site, Scrapyard, Recycling Plant
Industrial Zone 3: Risk industry Noxious trade, Abattoir, Risk Activity, Industry, Transmission Tower, Rooftop Base Station, Filming Service Trade, Warehouse, Scrapyard, Transport Usage, Shop, Service Station, Waste disposal site, Crematorium, Public Parking, Recycling Plant.
Industrial Zone 4: Extractive industry Mining, Transmission Tower, Rooftop Base Station, Filming. Industry, Risk activity.
Community Primary use Consent use
Community Zone 1: Education Place of Education,

Additional use right: Social Functions, Filming.
Conference Facility, Place of Assembly, Place of Worship, Institution, Transmission Tower, Rooftop Base Station.
Community Zone 2: Worship Place of Worship, Religious Leader’s Residence, Rooftop Base Station. Additional use right: Social Functions, Filming. Place of Assembly, Place of Education, Cemetery, Wall of Remembrance, Institution, Transmission tower.
Community Zone 3: Institution Institution. Additional use right: Filming. Place of Assembly, Place of Education, Transmission Tower, Rooftop Base Station.
Authority Primary uses Consent uses
Authority Zone: Government Authority Usage, Transmission Tower, Rooftop Base Station. Filming. Any use determined by the municipality.
Transport Primary uses Consent uses
Transport Zone 1: Transport usage Transport usage, Public Parking, Transmission tower, Rooftop Base Station, Filming. Shop, Offices, Hotel, Restaurant, Bottle store, Warehouse, Industry, Service Trade, Service Station, Place of Assembly, Place of Entertainment, Institution.
Transport Zone 2: Roads Public Street, Private Road, Public Parking, Private Parking, Filming. Any use determined by the municipality.
Transport Zone 3: Parking Public Parking, Private Parking, Transmission tower, Rooftop Base Station, Filming Shop, Business Premises, Service Station
Open Space Primary uses Consent uses
Open Space Zone 1: Public Open Space Public Open Space, Conservation Usage, Transmission Tower, Rooftop Base Station, Filming. Cemetery, Wall of remembrance, Camping site, Boat launching facility, Racing track,
Open Space Zone 2: Private Open Space Private open space, Conservation usage, Transmission tower, Rooftop base station, Filming. Cemetery, Wall of remembrance, Camping site, 4x4 route, Boat launching facility, Racing track.
Open Space Zone 3: Nature reserve Nature reserve, Conservation usage, Filming. Tourist facility, Holiday accommodation, 4x4 route, Transmission tower, Rooftop base station, Boat launching facility
Open Space Zone 4: Cemetery Cemetery, Wall of Remembrance, Private Open Space, Conservation Usage, Filming. Crematorium, Place of Worship, Funeral Parlour.
Resort Primary uses Consent uses
Resort Zone: Resort Holiday Accommodation, Lodge, Guest House, Conservation Usage, Private Open Space, Tourist Facility, Resort Shop, Conference Facility, Transmission Tower, Rooftop Base Station, Boat Launching Facility, Filming.
Agriculture Primary uses Consent uses
Agricultural Zone 1: Agriculture Agriculture, Filming, Additional Dwelling Unit, Bed & Breakfast Enterprise, Guest House, Lodge, Place of Education, Day Care Centre, Tourist Facility, Farm Shop, Aquaculture, Horticulture, Intensive Stock Farming, Nursery, Riding School, Service Trade, Mining, 4x4 Route, Commercial Pet Kennel, Conservation Usage, Agri-village, Composting, Race Track, Boat Launching Facility, Conference Facility, Exhibition Centre, Transmission Tower, Rooftop Base Station, Renewable Energy Structure, Shooting Range
Agricultural Zone 2: Agriculture Industry Agriculture, Filming. Dwelling, Tourist Facility, Farm Shop, Nursery, Intensive Stock Farming, Horticulture, Composting.
Agricultural Zone 3: Smallholdings Agriculture, Filming. Additional Dwelling Unit, Farm stall, Bed & Breakfast Establishment, Guest House, Lodge, Tourist Facility, Day Care Centre, Place of Education, Exhibition Centre, Riding School, Nursery, Intensive Stock Farming, Horticulture, Commercial Pet Kennel, Composting, Food Processing, Home Occupation, Transmission Tower, Rooftop Base Station.
Undetermined Primary uses Consent uses
Undetermined Zone None. None.
Special Primary uses Consent uses
Special Zone Special usage. Any use determined by the municipality.
Sub-divisional area Consent uses Consent uses
Subdivisional Area Zone All zonings as described. As applicable to relevant zonings.
As applicable to relevant zonings.Construction of buildings and use of land in specified use zones:The various zones are indicated in column 1 of Table B. The primary uses—those land uses that may be applied, without approval from the municipality—are described in column 2 of Table B. column 3 of Table B describes the permissible consent uses, in other words those land uses that require special approval from the municipality. Any use that does not occur in column 2 or 3 may, subject to overriding provisions of the By-Law and this Development Management Scheme, not be permitted in the relevant zone.The buildings and uses permitted in terms of Table B or which can be approved by the consent of the municipality, may be subject to departures, which can render the use right relating to a land unit effectively more or less limited than appears from the notation on the map. In such cases the relevant information relating to the land unit must be noted in the register held for this purpose.

Chapter 1
Residential zones

General policy statement:The following general policies shall apply in the residential zones, except where the policies and principles are superseded by an approved spatial development framework or spatial development plan;•Residential zones are intended to provide neighbourhoods with single family dwelling units with various densities and to protect the character and nature of residential areas. The general purpose of the residential zones is to present a comfortable, healthy, safe and pleasant environment for living and to promote the stability of residential areas by the protection of the character of the areas. There are, however, opportunities under controlled circumstances for work opportunities at home as well as low intensity mixed use development which is normally associated with residential uses, subject to approval by the municipality;•Opportunities are created under Residential Zone 3 for innovative design solutions and land use provisions that are specific to the premises to make various life styles, such as residential golf estates, marinas and horse-riding estates, possible;•In recognition of housing backlogs and present socio-economic realities, provision is made under Residential Zone 4 for informal housing in specific areas. In such areas building and planning standards are relaxed, but still with the purpose to upgrade them to an acceptable standard as soon as possible. When this standard is reached, the relevant land must be rezoned to Residential Zone 2.

Residential zone 1: low density (R1)

Colour notation: Yellow.Objective:The objective of this zone is to provide low to medium density residential development on relatively large erven and to protect the quality and character of such areas. Limited provision of employment and additional accommodation opportunities are possible as primary and consent uses, provided that the dominant use of the land remains residential and the impact of such use does not adversely affect the surrounding residential area.1.1.Use of land:The following use restrictions apply to land in this zone:(a)Primary use: dwelling.(b)Consent uses: second dwelling or double dwelling, bed-and-breakfast establishment, guest house, day care centre, place of education, place of worship, home occupation, house shop, house tavern.(c)Additional use rights:The occupant of a dwelling may:(i)Erect a second dwelling unit subject to paragraph 1.1.4(a)(ii)Rent out rooms in the dwelling, subject to paragraph 1.1.6; and(iii)Permit filming on the property subject to paragraph 1.1.10;1.1.1Land use provisions:The following land use provisions apply:(a)CoverageSubject to the provisions of paragraph 1.1.4(g) :(i)the maximum coverage for erven with a net area of less than or equal to 1000m² is 50%, and(ii)the maximum coverage for erven with a net area larger than 1000m² is 500 m², subject to the condition that if the municipality is convinced that there will not be any substantial negative impact, the coverage of 500m² for a land unit with an area larger than 1000m² may be increased, provided that such coverage does not exceed 40%.(b)Height(i)The height of a dwelling may not exceed 8m, measured parallel from the grade line to the wall plate, in all cases, and 10,5m measured from the grade line to the highest point of the roof in the case of pitched roofs;(ii)The general provisions relating to earth walls, retaining structures, support structures and similar constructions in this By-Law shall apply.(c)Building lines(i)Street building lineThe street building line is determined as follows: Where the average depth of the land unit,(a)does not exceed 20m, the street building line is 3m; or(b)exceeds 20m and the street building line is a public road, the street building line is 4m.(ii)Side building lineThe side building line is 1,5m, subject to the provisions applicable in respect of all zones.(iii)Rear building lineThe rear building line is 2m, subject to the general provisions applicable with respect to all zones.(iv)Garages and carportsGarages and carports may be erected under the circumstances described in the general provisions, as applicable in respect of all zones.(v)Exceeding of building linesEaves may exceed the prescribed street or side building line by a maximum of 0,75m, and the municipality may approve of the erection of an outbuilding or second dwelling unit which exceeds a side building line, subject to the following:(i)that the street building line is adhered to;(ii)that such building may not exceed the height of one storey;(iii)that no doors or windows may be permitted in any wall of such building facing the relevant side boundary, and(iv)that another entrance than through a building will be provided, at least 1m wide, from a street to each unbuilt part of the relevant land unit, excluding a courtyard.1.1.2Subdivision and density standardsThe following subdivision and density provisions shall apply:(a)Minimum subdivision size(i)The zoning map may designate areas within this zone where a minimum subdivision size is specified for a land unit.(ii)Where a minimum subdivision size is specified in terms of (a)(i) above, the net erf area of erven created by a new subdivision or any remainder to be zoned as Residential Zone 1, shall not be less than the minimum size specified.(b)Maximum density(i)The zoning map may designate areas within this zone where a maximum density is specified for a land unit, area or precinct.(ii)Where a maximum density is specified in terms of (b)(i) above, the gross density of development on the land unit, area or precinct shall not exceed the maximum density specified.1.1.3Home occupationThe following provisions shall apply where a portion of a dwelling or dwelling unit is used for the purposes of home occupation:(a)the dominant use of the dwelling or dwelling unit shall be for the living accommodation of a single family;(b)no portion of such dwelling, and no home occupation, shall be used for the purposes of a noxious trade, a risk activity or the sale of alcoholic beverages;(c)no goods for sale shall be publicly displayed and no external evidence of the home occupation shall be visible from the street, except for an advertising sign in accordance with (d);(d)no advertising sign shall be displayed other than a single un-illuminated sign or notice not projecting over a street, and such sign shall not exceed 2m² in area and shall indicate only the name, telephone number and profession or occupation of the occupant;(e)on-site parking must be provided at the satisfaction of the municipality;(f)the space used for an activity associated with a home occupation shall not occupy more than 25% of the total floor area of the dwelling on the land unit or 50m², whichever is the most restrictive;(g)no products, goods, or supplies connected with the home occupation may be stored on the land unit outside a building;(h)no more than four persons in total may be engaged in home occupation activities on a land unit, including the occupant or occupants and any assistants;(i)no more than one commercial vehicle with a gross weight exceeding 10 000 kg, may be utilised for the home occupation, provided that a vehicle used by an occupant exclusively for personal purposes shall not be regarded as a commercial vehicle;(j)the hours of operation shall not extend beyond the hours of 07h30 to 17h30; and(k)any new structure, or alteration to the existing dwelling or outbuilding, shall conform to the residential character of the area concerned.1.1.4Second dwelling unit, double dwelling(a)A second dwelling unit, of which the floor area does not exceed 60m², shall be regarded as an additional use right and not as a consent use;(b)In granting its consent for a second dwelling unit or double dwelling, the municipality may impose, but is not limited to, the following conditions:(i)Total floor space of a second dwelling unit shall not exceed 120m², while the total floor space of a dwelling unit in a double dwelling is not subject to this restriction;(ii)A second dwelling unit shall be constructed in an architectural style, with external materials, finishes and colours, compatible to the main dwelling;(iii)second dwelling unit shall not exceed one storey in height;(iv)(both dwelling units in a double dwelling shall be designed to give the appearance of a single large dwelling, and both units may have a ground storey or one unit may be on the ground storey and one on the storey above;(v)the municipality may stipulate minimum subdivision sizes and maximum density ratios for specified areas, as a requirement in granting consent for a second dwelling unit or double dwelling;(vi)the dwelling units in a double dwelling may be separately alienated in terms of the Sectional Titles Act;(vii)a second dwelling unit or a dwelling unit in a double dwelling shall not be deemed as sufficient reason for the municipality to approve subdivision of the land unit containing a second dwelling or double dwelling;(viii)coverage, including all buildings, shall be at most 66% if there is deviation from the coverage parameter of the relevant residential zoning;(ix)at least one additional parking bay shall be provided on the land unit, and(x)the municipality’s relevant municipal services department has certified that capacity is available on the services network in the area in which such second dwelling or double dwelling is to be constructed.1.1.5Domestic staff quartersAn outbuilding, consistent the definition of domestic staff quarters, limited to a floor space of 30m².1.1.6Bed and breakfast establishment, accommodation of lodgersIn granting its consent for a bed and breakfast establishment, or where rooms are let to lodgers by an occupant of a dwelling, the municipality may impose, but is not limited to, the following conditions:(a)the dominant use of the land unit must remain as a dwelling for the living accommodation of a single family;(b)no more than three rooms per land unit shall be used for bedroom accommodation for paying guests or lodgers, who may be supplied with lodging or meals at any time;(c)a register of guests and lodgers must be kept, and completed when rooms are let, and the register must be produced for inspection on request by a municipality official;(d)every guest room must be attached to the dwelling, or second dwelling unit, whichever is applicable;(e)guest rooms may not be converted to, or used as separate dwelling units;(f)only meals which are supplied to guests or lodgers who have lodging at the bed and breakfast establishment, are permitted;(g)no advertising sign shall be displayed other than a sign or notice not projecting over a public street, and such sign may not exceed 1m² in area;(h)on-site parking must be provided at the satisfaction of the municipality, subject to the parking areas being provided with a permanent dust free surface whether it be tar, concrete, paving or any other material, as approved by the municipality beforehand, and the parking bays need to be clearly demarcated, and(i)where a land unit contains both a bed and breakfast establishment and rooms which are available for letting to lodgers, no more than six persons are permitted at any one time, as paying guests or lodgers.1.1.7Day care centreIn granting approval for a day care centre, the municipality may impose, but is not limited to, the following conditions:(a)no more than 20 children shall be enrolled at the day care centre at any time, or be present on the relevant land unit;(b)the provision of the day care service is restricted to the hours of 06H00 to 18h00 and a minimum area of indoor play space and outdoor play space are to be provided in accordance with the following table, provided that where no outdoor play space can be provided, the indoor play space must be adjusted according to the table below:(c)an activity area of 4m² per child must be provided on the premises.
Indoor Play Space Outdoor Play Space
(i) A play space for play, eat and sleep must be provided;
(ii) An indoor play space for each child, with a minimum of 1.5m² free, unlimited floor space must be available;
(iii) If no outside play space is available on the premises, an indoor play space with a free, unlimited floor space of 3m² per child must be provided;
(iv) The play space may not create a health nuisance.
(i) An outdoor play space of at least 2m² must be provided for each child;
(ii) Separate outdoor play spaces must be provided for different age groups.
1.1.8Places of education, places of worshipExcept for boundary walls and fences, no building erected or used for these purposes, may be located closer than 10m from any boundary of the land unit.1.1.9Places of worship: parkingThe requirement in respect of the minimum provision of onsite parking which is prescribed for places of assembly in the business zone is applicable and must be observed.1.1.10FilmingThe additional use right for filming does however not allow filming without the relevant permit that must be obtained in terms of Swartland Municipality Filming By-Law for individual filming activities on the relevant property. The additional use right within this zone relate to all shoot types as defined in the Schedule contained in the Filming By-Law. The provision of a filming permit will be governed by the regulations as contained in the Filming By-Law.The primary right of a residential property must be maintained for residential use with filming to be done in association with the dwelling.1.1.11House shopThe development management provisions applicable to a house shop in this zone shall be the same as those applicable in Residential Zone 2.1.1.12House tavernThe development management provisions applicable to a house tavern in this zone shall be the same as those applicable in Residential Zone 2.

Residential zone 2: medium density (R2)

Colour notation: Yellow.Objective:The objective of this zone is to provide development on relatively small erven and to protect the quality and character of such areas. Limited provision of employment and additional accommodation opportunities are possible, provided that the dominant use of the land remains residential and the impact of such uses does not adversely affect the surrounding residential area.1.2Use of land:The following use restrictions apply to land in this zone:(a)Primary use: dwelling.(b)Consent uses: second dwelling or double dwelling bed and breakfast establishment, day care centre, guest house, house shop, house tavern, home occupation.(c)Additional use rights: The letting out of rooms in the dwelling subject to paragraph 1.2.5, and filming on the property subject to paragraph 1.2.9.1.2.1Land use provisions:The following land use provisions apply:(a)CoverageThe maximum coverage is 60%.(b)Height(i)The height of a dwelling may not exceed 8m, measured parallel from the grade line to the wall plate, in all cases, and 10,5m measured from the grade line to the highest point of the roof in the case of pitched roofs;(ii)The general provisions relating to earth walls, retaining structures, support structures and similar constructions in this By-Law shall apply.(c)Building lines(i)Street building lineThe street building line is 2m and is subject to the general provisions applicable to all zones.(ii)Side building lineThe side building line is 1m and is subject to the general provisions applicable to all zones.(iii)Rear building lineThe rear building line is 1m and is subject to the general provisions applicable to all zones.(d)Window and door placementAny portion of a building which contains a window or door facing directly onto a side or rear boundary, shall comply to the safety distance as determined by the National Building Regulations. The portion of the building required to be placed back from the boundary shall include the window or door, together with such additional length of wall as is required to make up a total length of at least 3m.(e)Garages and carportsGarages and carports may be erected under the circumstances described in the general provisions applicable to all zones.(f)Parking and accessParking and access must be provided on the land unit in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 13.1 applicable to all zones, and also subject to the parking areas being provided with a permanent dust free surface whether it be tar, concrete, paving or any other material, as approved by the municipality beforehand, and the parking bays being clearly demarcated.1.2.2Subdivision and density standardsThe following subdivision and density provisions shall apply:(a)Minimum subdivision area(i)The zoning map may designate areas within this zone where a minimum subdivision size is specified for a land unit;(ii)Where a minimum subdivision size is specified in terms of (a)(i) above, the nett erf area of erven created by a new subdivision or any remainder to be zoned as Residential Zone 2, shall not be less than the minimum size specified.(b)Maximum density(i)The zoning map may designate areas within this zone where a maximum density is specified for a land unit, area or precinct;(ii)Where a maximum density is specified in terms of (b)(i) above, the gross density of development on a land unit, area or precinct shall not exceed the maximum density specified.1.2.3Second dwelling unit, double dwellingThe land use provisions applicable to a second dwelling unit and double dwelling in this zone shall be the same as those applicable in the Residential Zone 1.1.2.4Home occupationThe land use provisions applicable to home occupation in this zone shall be the same as those applicable in Residential Zone 1; provided that no more than 4 persons in total may be engaged in home occupation activities on a land unit, including the occupant or occupants and any assistants.1.2.5Bed and breakfast establishment, accommodation of boardersThe land use provisions applicable to a bed and breakfast establishment and boarders in a Residential Zone 1 shall also apply in this zone.1.2.6Day care centreSee the provisions under paragraph 1.1.7.1.2.7House shopIn granting its consent for a house shop, the municipality may impose, but is not limited to, the following conditions:(a)the extent and position of the retail component must be clearly defined on a plan, and shall not exceed 25m² or 50% of total floor space (excluding any toilet, change room and storeroom), whichever is the lesser area;(b)in addition to the house shop, the land unit must contain a dwelling which shall be occupied by the proprietor of the house shop;(c)any new structure, or alteration to the existing dwelling or outbuilding, shall conform to the residential character of the area concerned;(d)no more than three persons, including the occupant of the dwelling, are permitted to be engaged in retail activities on the land unit;(e)only one sign shall be permitted and shall not exceed 1m² in area, and shall not exceed the land unit boundaries with any part of it, while it shall indicate only the name of the owner, name of the business and nature of the retail trade;(f)the following are not permitted in a house shop:(i)sale of liquor or alcoholic beverages;(ii)storage or sale of gas and gas containers;(iii)vending machines;(iv)video games, and(v)snooker or pool tables.1.2.8House tavernIn granting its consent for a house tavern, the municipality may impose, but is not limited to, the following conditions:(a)the extent and position of the house tavern must be clearly identified on a plan to be approved by the municipality, and the municipality may restrict the floor area or specific location of the house tavern on the land unit;(b)in addition to the house shop, the land unit must contain a dwelling which shall be occupied by the proprietor of the house tavern;(c)the municipality may restrict the maximum number of patrons, operating hours, number of staff and signage relating to the house tavern;(d)the municipality may require structural alterations to the land unit for fire or health reasons, and to ensure that the impact of the house tavern on neighbouring uses is minimized;(e)the owner of the house tavern must obtain a liquor license in terms of the relevant legislation, and in the event of the liquor license being withdrawn or suspended, the municipality’s consent for the operation of the house tavern shall automatically lapse; and(f)only one sign shall be permitted, and shall not exceed 1m² in area, and shall not exceed the land unit boundaries with any part of it, while it shall indicate only the name of the owner, name of the business and nature of the retail trade.1.2.9FilmingThe additional use right for filming does however not allow filming without the relevant permit that must be obtained in terms of Swartland Municipality Filming By-Law for individual filming activities on the relevant property. The additional use right within this zone relate to all shoot types as defined in the Schedule contained in the Filming By-Law. The provision of a filming permit will be governed by the regulations as contained in the Filming By-Law.The primary right of a residential property must be maintained for residential use with filming to be done in association with the dwelling.1.2.10Domestic Staff QuartersRefer to the provisions of paragraph 1.1.5.

Residential zone 3: mixed density (R3)

Estate housingColour notations: Yellow.Objective:The objective of this zone is to provide a high degree of flexibility for low to medium density residential projects which have integrated site and design features, and which require individual design solutions and individually tailored development control provisions. This zone does not accommodate a resort, but is particularly suitable for residential estates that are governed by a homeowners’ association, with access control and co-ordinated design requirements (such as golf estates, equestrian estates and residential marinas).1.3.Use of land:The following use restrictions apply to land in this zone:(a)Primary uses: dwelling, private open space.(b)Consent uses: group housing, town housing, flats, hotel, restaurant, place of assembly, home occupation.(c)Additional use right: allow for filming on the property subject to paragraph 1.3.3.1.3.1Land use provisions:The following land use provisions shall apply:(a)the municipality may stipulate conditions with regard to the use of buildings and land, density, height, coverage, layout, building design, open space, landscaping, parking, access and environmental management;(b)a site development plan must be submitted at the satisfaction of the municipality;(c)the constitution for a homeowners’ association must be submitted at the satisfaction of the municipality, and all owners of land within this zone shall be members of an approved home owners’ association;(d)architectural guidelines and a system of architectural control must be submitted at the satisfaction of the municipality;(e)an environmental manageme